Thought may not be a decisive factor in the transformations witnessed by the human march, because this process requires the existence of multiple components until it culminates in a qualitative change in the pattern of life. It is true that the manifestations of civilization are represented in a series of advances in material means, but as the Iraqi thinker Husam al-Alusi says they are also stations. Intellectual systems have gone through it. Starting from the primitive stage to the liberation of the limitation of mental absence and the limitations of superstitious interpretation. There is no doubt that the role of philosophers was a pioneer in breaking mental inertia, revolutionizing concepts, and creating a vibrant intellectual reality.
Therefore, Descartes believes that the greatest blessing that God gives to a country is to be given by philosophers. Indeed, the peculiarity of each age lies in its intellectual giving and in its embrace of the controversies that occur between the owners of philosophical projects. France during the thirties of the last century, when intellectual doctrines competed in the cultural space and the new reality imposed the establishment of communication with the discoveries of knowledge with a flexible logic and the mood was in line with a new philosophical direction and as soon as possible. while Raymond Aron suggested to his friend Sartre another form of philosophical engagement, explaining simply: “If you are a phenomenologist, you can talk about this apricot cocktail and build philosophy from it” so that the owner of “Al-Naha ‘a ”Is addressed to the Phenomenology tables.
And then the search for the principles of this philosophical current leads him to Berlin and there he confined himself to reading this epistemological topic and saturated himself with its vocabulary until he completed a detailed study on the philosophy of Edmund Husserl.
Sartre was distinguished for the brilliance and gluttony of knowledge, and when his mother asked him when he was in his early years, what does he do when he grows up reading the works of great writers at a young age? He replied: I will live it, of course. Sartre’s sense of knowledge was not separated from the reality of reality and there is no gap between his personality and his ideas.
“My life and my philosophy are one.” He differed from his peers in his spontaneity by drinking pipe, wearing a jacket without a tie, and discussing with his students Kant’s philosophy, reading detective novels and backgammon. This means that the author of “Whirlpool” is immersed in life with all its hope, despair, disappointment and temptation.
Alain Dubotton believes that the essence of Sartre’s philosophy is based on the realization of existence as he has no preconceived ideas and soothing assumptions. Jean-Paul Sartre has formulated new theories and surprised his friends with his vitality in intellectual duel. Therefore, after meeting Sartre, De Beauvoir said, “How narrow is my little world if measured in Sartre’s rich world.” He liked to fight his opponents and rise up in defense of the excluded, and he supported the radical students in the 1960s, but told William Burroughs that he would turn against them if they were victorious.
This recipe that intertwines thought and life is what Sartre bet on, and he did not like the role of the viewer from the ivory tower, and thus represented, in his positions, a model for the intellectual who merged with the stream of reality and did . not to stand behind the walls of academies and open the pages of his magazine “Modern Times” in the face of new forms of humorous writing and biographies, autobiographies of the marginalized and promising names. Thus he broke what was called serious literature. , and published a book on Baudelaire, as well as his major study on Flaubert. It is also impossible to ignore his views on the political developments and transformations that marked the last century, beginning with the occupation of France by Germany, and then with the fall of the colonial period, and what escalated into the atmosphere of the War of Cold of furious conflicts at various levels. , through the student revolution in 1968 and the new generation coup that relies on “prevention prevention.” He adhered to all ideological beliefs and commitments, until his condemnation of the colonial project, as he considered it a disgrace to Western civilization and an insult to the laws.
Sartre stated in the heyday of his youth that he could debate with Nietzsche and convince him how a person could be free by choice, and that freedom is known to be a fundamental principle of existential philosophy.
“There is no definite path that leads man to his salvation, but he must always invent his own path” Because what is sanctified in this cognitive context leaves mental lethargy and depletes creative energies and thus puts thought ahead of a dead end , wanted Sartri. to breathe from the constraints that limit one’s choices. To change everything. ” Sartre refused to fall into the shadows of institutions and was recovering from his obsession with prizes, stating that a Nobel Prize would make me a statue on a podium.