Zahrat Al Khaleej – Personality Disorders .. Types, Causes and Methods of Treatment

# Psychological Health

It is known that personality disorders are a kind of mental disorder to some extent, and the sufferer releases a pattern of fanatical thinking and behavior and the person suffering from these disorders finds problems in his relationships and life tasks, and the sufferer usually does. does not realize he is worried, but will face many problems. Hence the importance of early diagnosis and treatment, according to the medical site mind.org.
Also, those who surround the injured person do not understand his injury, but suffer from the strangeness of his behavior, and the closer the relationship, the greater the degree of suffering and the spread of personality disorders and the variety of their species, they can be the hidden cause behind many family problems.

Personality disorders begin in adolescence or adulthood, and sometimes symptoms diminish with age. Personality disorders are divided into three groups: (A, B and C), and many people experience signs and symptoms of at least one other disorder.
Group A personality disorders, characterized by strange thinking or behaviors.
Group B personality disorders, characterized by overly emotional thinking and behavior.
Group C personality disorders, characterized by anxious thinking or behaviors.
It is necessary to have a specific set of criteria (defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Problems), to diagnose any of these disorders and when there are a number of criteria that do not rise to the level of the disorder, the person is diagnosed with features , and we found only some of the traits that do not qualify for the diagnosis of the disorder, in which case the person is considered to have some personality traits (Trait).

Types of group A personality disorders, including:
Paranoid personality disorder.
Schizoid personality disorder.
– Schizotypal personality disorder.

Criteria for paranoid personality disorder
Suspicion of others, including husband (wife).
Believing that others are trying to harm you.
Angry or hostile reactions to imagined insults.
The tendency to hold grudges and resentments in the soul.

Criteria for schizotypal personality disorder
Unit preference.
Lack of interest in social relationships.
Inability to express oneself emotionally.
Inability to enjoy most activities.
Not wanting to have sex.

Criteria for schizotypal personality disorder
To wear strange clothes, or to think and behave strangely.
Strange sensory experiences, such as hearing voices that are not there.
Superficial feelings or inappropriate emotional reactions.
Social anxiety.
Believing that you can influence people and events with your thoughts.
Believing that some incidents have hidden messages.

Types of group B personality disorders, including:
Antisocial personality disorder.
Borderline personality disorder.
Historical personality disorder.
Narcissistic personality disorder.

Antisocial personality disorder
Ignoring the needs or feelings of others.
Lying, stealing and deceiving others.
Frequent problems with the law.
Repeated violation of the rights of others.
Aggressive and sometimes violent behavior.
Ignoring the safety of oneself or the safety of others.
Impulsive behavior.
Carelessness and irresponsibility.
By not regretting the behavior.

borderline personality disorder
Impulsive and dangerous behavior.
Self-image disorder.
Unstable relationships.
mood swings
Suicidal behavior.
Self-harming behaviors.
Strong fear of abandonment.
Constant feeling of emptiness.
Acute and frequent anger.

Historical personality disorder
Constant pursuit of attention.
Excessive emotionality and the pursuit of sexual arousal.
Easily influenced by the words of others.
Easily changes superficial emotions.
Excessive concern for physical appearance.

Narcissistic personality disorder
Believing that you are special and more important than others.
Illusions of power, success and attractiveness.
Lack of awareness of the needs and feelings of others.
Exaggerated achievements or talents.
Expect constant praise and admiration.
– Arrogance.

Types of group C personality disorders, including:
Avoiding personality disorder.
Addictive personality disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

Avoiding personality disorder
Extreme sensitivity to criticism or rejection.
Feelings of inadequacy, worthlessness or non-attraction.
Social restraint, shyness and isolation.
Extreme shyness.

Addictive personality disorder
Excessive dependence on others.
Fear of the need to take care of yourself.
Lack of self-confidence and the need for excessive encouragement.
Difficulty in starting projects, or completing them yourself due to lack of self-confidence.
Difficulty disagreeing with others, for fear of rejection.
Tolerance of ill-treatment or abuse.

Obsessive personality disorder
Preoccupation with details, order and rules.
Excessive perfectionism and failure to complete projects.
The desire to control people, tasks and situations and the inability to delegate tasks.
Neglecting friends and enjoyable activities due to excessive commitment to work or a project.
Impossibility to get rid of spoiled or worthless things.
Rigor and stubbornness.
Inflexibility about virtues, ethics and values.
Stinginess in spending money.
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is different from obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Causes of personality disorders:
Personality is formed during childhood and is formed through the interaction of two factors: genes and environment.
It is believed that personality disorders come from a combination of these inherited and environmental influences.
There are factors that increase the risk of developing personality disorders, including: having a family history of personality disorders or other mental illness, exposure to childhood abuse, negligence or unstable family life during childhood, and changes in chemistry and brain structure, and these disorders usually begin in the years of adolescence or adulthood.
Personality disorders can greatly affect the lives of the affected person and those who care for them. Personality disorders can cause problems in relationships, work or school, which can lead to social isolation, alcoholism or drug abuse.

The doctor uses the following examinations and tests:
Physical examination:
Laboratory tests, such as blood tests (complete blood count or thyroid test), and tests for alcohol and drug use. Psychological assessment: discussing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Sometimes it can be difficult to determine the type of personality disorder, as some personality disorders share the same symptoms, but it’s worth the time and effort to get an accurate diagnosis in order to get the right treatment.
To be diagnosed with a specific personality disorder the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders must be met Emotional performance, ineffective when dealing with others and in relationships and inability to control desires.

Treatments and medications for personality disorders:
The best treatment depends on the type of personality disorder and the treatment can take months or years. Depending on the type of disorder and the severity of the condition, your doctor may suggest one or more of the following treatments: psychotherapy, medication, and hospitalization.
First: Psychotherapy:
Psychotherapy helps you understand your condition, talk about your mood, feelings, thoughts and behaviors and enables you to learn healthy ways to cope with the symptoms and reduce the behaviors that bother you.
Second: Medications:
There is no prescriptive drug that will stop the flow of emotions, though their effects can be curtailed.
Third: Hospital treatment:
In some cases, the symptoms of personality disorder can be so severe that they require hospitalization in a psychiatric hospital and the reasons for hospitalization are: inability to take proper care of oneself and the immediate risk of self-harm, or harm to others.

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