Coffee in the Jordanian heritage .. A memory harvest and an aromatic aroma

Nabil Amari

Arabica coffee is one of the features of our Jordanian society in all its spectrums, and has a prestigious position and respect, and its preparation varies from one region to another, but its special aroma and taste remain its permanent address. around.

“Coffee has many advantages, one of which is related to its work and the other how it is presented. Coffee shows Arab generosity. The best type of coffee is Yemen, or what is known as Yemeni coffee or Adani, and as soon as the fire for coffee falls at a gathering, men of the neighborhood come with their sons accompanied.There are coffee names, which are as follows:

First Cup (Al Haif)

It is the cup that the bachelor or host drinks before serving coffee to the guests.

Second Cup (guest)

It is the first cup offered to the guest and is the duty of hospitality, and the guest in the past in the desert has been forced to drink it, except in case of enmity or the guest has had a difficult and strong request with the host, so he does not drank it only after a promise from the host or guest to meet.

It was one of the wonderful things that a person came to your house and did not drink your wine until his request was met.

Third Cup (kif)

It is the second cup offered to the guest and he is not obliged to drink it, and the host does not harm the master if the guest does not drink it, but is merely a modification of the manner and state of mind. Friend

It is the least powerful cup of coffee among the Arabs.

Fourth cup (sword)

If this means that whoever drinks it is with the army in thick and thin, and is obliged to defend it with the edge of the sword, and his partner in war and peace is hostile to those who are hostile to him, and allied with his allies. even if among his allies are those who are his enemies in the initial enemies of the guest.

This cup was a military and civilian alliance contract and a security pact between the guest and the host, and this situation led people to serious issues and faced death and destruction because of it, so they avoided and guarded themselves from it. .. As for drinking. more than 3 cups, usually made by people and relatives of the coffee owner and individuals of the tribe, relatives and his blood.

It remains to be mentioned that there is

a cup (knight)

Where is anyone who asks someone for blood or revenge or the like, if he is a sheikh of the tribe or an old man or a woman who gathers the youth of the tribe and his horsemen and pours coffee into the cup and raises it above the heads of witnesses and before him everyone and says:

This is so-and-so’s cup, so-and-so’s son, who will drink it?

Who’s taking our rights, our revenge, or our blood?

So one of the knights gets up and says: I am his .. and takes the cup and drinks it, and goes to look for this person and does not return to his tribe until he brings the proof that he took revenge on the owner of the cup against the wanted one! ..

Coffee making tools: Coffee making tools for the people of Badia consist of several tools that are important for making coffee and they are:

Al-Mahmasa: It is a cylindrical disc cavity from the inside with a long arm to hold it and with it a relatively long rod called the enthusiast’s hand on its head is a semicircle. One of the defects of the Mahamas, and the people of the desert take pride in the fact that passion is black by fire and consider it a kind of generosity; Because it shows a lot of coffee enthusiasm over the fire.

Al-Mahbash Al-Najr, which has a cylindrical cavity inside, is made of the juice of the tree and is decorated, and in it coffee and cardamom are brewed, there is a beautiful sound in the bell and the types of bells:

Al-Tathlithah: It is three beatings each time, twice as hard in the middle of the najr and once in the top of the najr.

Al-Taribe: It is four beats at a time, three heavy in the middle of the najr and a light time at the end of the najr.

Al Khamisah: It is five beatings each time, four heavy in the middle of the najr and a light time at the end of the najr.

Coolant: It is a tool carved from the inside in a flowing and wide shape, exposed and open from the back and closed from the top from the front and narrow, and is used to cool the coffee after roasting and before roasting. crushed in Al-Najr Al-Mahbash The coolant is wooden.

Al-Dalal: Made of red and yellow copper, and placed in front of guests near Al-Wujar, it is a symbol of generosity and generosity of the people of the desert.

Coffee cups, which are made of Chinese porcelain and have distinctive carvings and large sizes.

Base: a square or rectangular piece of fabric lined on the inside of cotton or wool.

In order not to be burned by the iron handles that are placed on the fire, which are decorated and carved and protect the hand of those who want to catch the caress as it is hot in the middle of the fire.

The cup tray is to insert the glasses into it after washing.

Pliers, known and used today and familiar to young people, are a tool for moving coal and fire during their resemblance, as well as for taking coal to insert them into the manger.

Blower: Used for lighting a fire and is several types of manual blower. The manual blower works by pressing from both sides with both hands. It is made of wood and the skin is placed between them at both ends of the wood. .

Coffee making denominations: In the past, coffee was brewed under names including: Al-Bakr, Al-Thanwa; Al-Bakri is the one in whom everything is new, coffee, water and spices, as for the thana, it is the coffee that is reconstituted after water is added and coffee and spices are added to it.

Coffee preparation time: They lit a fire to make coffee according to their conditions and preoccupations, some light it early in the morning and some like the half-fire at night: and some like half. fire for coffee in the morning, and some of them love it before dawn and the following night, and some like it when the sun rises, and some of them those who love it in the afternoon and the Arabs burn the fire to make coffee for boards and poems and to spread the word

Methods of pouring coffee, that is, holding the cup in the left hand and the cup in the right hand, standing while pouring the coffee, bending while serving the cup and telling the person being served the cup, “coffee or go” , moderation after pouring coffee, holding cup by hand and giving the first cup to the guest or belonging to the prince, sheikh of the tribe, colonel of the people, brave, generous knight, father, elder, or who sits on the chest of the assembly, and that coffee does not spill guest, that coffee does not spill father and son who are present, and that coffee does not spill over the elder. brother in the presence of younger brothers than him and start pouring from right to left. The prevailing custom in the veneration of coffee is that it is (kass), viz. belongs first to the important person in the council, in contrast to the tea served to the guests (kas), viz. starting from the first person and continuing. according to the landing. It’s a beautiful reminder of the rich additives that

Grandpa takes the cup, pours some coffee, moves the cup between his fingers in a circular motion, takes a sip of it, feels good, knows it by facial features and always pours your coffee. stay up late and remember the old days, the days of harvest, the snowfall, the big and small snows, the years of the shop and the locusts emerge from the sidewalks of their village to the world around them, from the memory of Safarberlik, the World. The Second World War, Rommel and Hitler, who was called the cat until the 48th war, the battles of Bab al-Wad and Latrun, through the June war and the battle of dignity, and so on. They heard it on London radio. the boards are stretched to achieve humorous stories, and they can also be exaggerated or arrogant, so the smell of ripe oak penetrates the noses of those who are sitting and on a tray of puree or puree smells of the smell of obesity communal. exploding in diameter, so much so that the rabbi’s jar announces that he is present with the poetry, the softness and sweetness of his voice, and the sun is gone o Ibn Shalan ..

And the guest is the role of his mourners.

And the proof pours over the cup

And nutmeg spice ,,,,

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