The morphological characteristics of English bulldogs raise their health problems

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Scientific Bulletin Headlines: – The morphological features of English Bulldogs raise their health problems – Stop following the news A large part of the general public prefers to avoid anxiety and disappointment – Europe is the “main center” of the spread of aphids.

The English Bulldog is very popular among purebred dog lovers, but its distinctive shape increases the risk of health damage.

The Bulldog was originally bred to fight bulls, but became a pet in England during the nineteenth-century Victorian era.

By intertwining these dogs over the years, breeders have exaggerated the physical characteristics of Bulldog ancestors, with a shorter face, broad lower jaw, and curved legs. Based on the content of the latest study published in the Journal of Canine Medicine and Genetics, the physical advantages gained by the English Bulldog contributed to its negative results, when we know that the English Bulldog is twice as susceptible to any other type of disease.

According to the writings of Dan G. O’Neill, lead author of this study from the Royal Veterinary College, bulldog dandruff folds increase their chances of getting skin infections. Tears in her eyes are caused by inflammation of the tissues, while her flat face causes respiratory syndromes that, for example, reduce her ability to cope with stress. The extra weight of its structure leads to the appearance of cysts between its toes. In addition, the radical change in the morphology of Bulldog dogs made natural childbirth difficult for females, forcing them to perform cesarean sections.

Currently, the Bulldog is one of the UK’s most popular animals, ranking fourth in 2020 among dogs registered with the British Kennel Club, Britain’s largest dog health and training organization.

Thus, the study authors from the Royal Veterinary College called on breeders to change the criteria to avoid including the UK in the growing list of countries where English Bulldogs are banned. We note here that the Oslo Court, in a decision that caused a stir a while ago, decided to stop the breeding of two types of dogs, the English Bulldog and King Charles Cavalier Dog (“King Charles Spaniel”) on the grounds that the breeding of these both breeds caused the dogs to suffer in violation of the Animal Protection Act.

The Reuters Institute for Journalism, which is affiliated with the University of Oxford in Britain, noted, through a recent study, that a large portion of the general public avoids following the news because it causes them anxiety and frustration.

In the annual report on digital media, written by the Reuters Institute after surveying 93,000 people in 46 countries with the help of YouGov, it became clear that four out of ten people in the general public deliberately avoid following the news because it feeds feelings of anxiety. and frustration.

Respondents justified their reasons for refraining from following the news because they are disgusted by its repetition if we mention only the media discourse that dominated all media during the Corona pandemic period. 29% of people who avoid the news consider it biased and do not trust its content. In addition, more than a third of respondents (36%) think that repeating news topics leads to their feelings of frustration. While 17 percent of respondents believe that following the news can push them to engage in discussions that they would prefer to avoid.

And 8% of people avoid the news because it is too complex for them to understand.

Once again, a Reuters Institute for Journalism report confirms that young people are increasingly abandoning traditional media and accessing information through social media platforms, including Tik Tok.

Researchers at the Reuters Institute say their findings could prompt traditional media to “use simpler language and better explain complex news”, as well as change the current approach to reporting.

Europe is currently the main center for the spread of aphids, according to a statement issued by the European Health Organization Office.

The monkey pox wave has become the pinnacle of its latitude, and Europe remains the center of this wave, as twenty-five countries have recorded more than 1,500 cases, or 85% of the global total.

For the WHO, the priority is to curb the spread because the scale of this epidemic poses a real risk. The longer the virus spreads, the wider its spread and the endemicity of the disease in non-endemic countries.

Typically, the smallpox virus (MPXV) has spread to Central and West Africa, but is now found outside Europe, in Australia, the Middle East, North and South America, with a total number of infections of more than 1600 cases.

Smallpox, known to humans since the 1970s, is a rare disease caused by a virus transmitted to humans from infected animals.

At first, the disease causes a strong rise in temperature and quickly develops into a scaly rash. The disease is often benign and the person generally recovers from it after two or three weeks.

The European Office of the World Health Organization noted that most of the recorded cases of smallpox so far were between men who had sex with men. But the office warned against stigmatizing the LGBT community because “the monkey pox virus itself is not linked to any specific human group, neither homosexuals nor others.”

Currently, the WHO does not recommend mass vaccination. Meanwhile, European health authorities have requested more than 100,000 doses of the smallpox vaccine approved in the United States. We note that the two vaccines available against aphids in the United States are ACAM2000 and Jynneos.

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