Monkeypox .. Is the world facing a new pandemic?

As the world approaches the dire state of the “Covid-19” pandemic. Until a new danger emerged: the monkeypox virus. Which raises exciting questions about the severity of this virus and the ways it spreads. In 1985, it was first discovered at the Government Institute of Serology in Denmark, while a disease similar to the line spreading among monkeys was being investigated, although the flax had disappeared in 1980, the flax of monkeys still appears sporadically in some parts of Africa. In 1970, the first known human infection of a child appeared in the Congo, and outbreaks of the disease occurred with high intensity during 1996 and 1997. In 2003, confirmed cases of monkey pox were reported in the Midwestern region of In the United States, the first cases of the disease were reported outside the African area, and most of those infected with the virus had contact with cut dogs and through them the virus was transmitted to them. In 2005, a wave of aphids erupted in Unity State, Sudan, and sporadic cases were reported in other parts of Africa.

What is a monkey owl?
Rare zoonotic viral disease It is transmitted from animals to humans and the symptoms of human infection are similar to those seen in the past by smallpox patients, but they are less severe. To date, the number of cases of HIV infection is around 700, including countries where the virus was not expected, such as France, Canada, America and Britain; Whereas the virus is most prevalent in remote areas of central and western Africa near the tropics, and there are two types of this virus; They are Central Africa and West Africa. So how does the injury happen? In these remote areas, the infection is transmitted through person-to-person contact with one of the animals that carry the virus, such as rats, monkeys, and squirrels, and it is possible to eat the immature meat of an animal that carries the virus. also a risk factor. Symptoms of redness, cracks and blisters begin to appear on the hands and feet and then move to other parts of the body, with headaches, muscle aches, lethargy and high fever of the affected person, and these symptoms persist over a period that varies from 14 to 21 days. The infection can be transmitted from one person to another through the airways, cracks in the skin, nose and eyes.

To date, there are no specific medications or vaccines to fight monkeypox infection, but its spread can be controlled. In the past, smallpox vaccination has been shown to be 85 percent effective in preventing monkeypox, but this vaccine is no longer available to the general public after it was discontinued following the eradication of smallpox from the world years ago.

disease transmission?
The disease can be transmitted at a secondary level or from person to person From close contact with respiratory tract secretions or skin lesions of an infected person, or from contact with objects that have recently been contaminated with patient fluids or substances that cause pests. The disease is transmitted mainly by particles in the form of respiratory droplets that usually require long periods of face-to-face contact, putting active family members at high risk of infection. The disease can also be transmitted through vaccination or through the placenta. Recent animal studies investigating the pattern of transmission of monkey pox from predatory dogs to humans have identified two distinct stages of the virus; Both are Congo Basin viruses and West African viruses. The stage of infection can be divided into two periods: the invasion period, during which fever, severe headache, swollen lymph nodes, and back and muscle pain occur. The second period is the period of the appearance of redness, within a period that varies from 1 to 3 days after infection, during which the different stages of the appearance of redness crystallize, which starts more often on the face and then spreads to parts of others. of the body, and in the palms of the hands and feet. Within 10 days, the rash develops from macular papules – flat-based lesions – to vesicles – small fluid-filled blisters – and pustules that can take up to three weeks to disappear completely. Some patients develop severe swelling of the lymph nodes before the rash appears, a feature that distinguishes monkey line from other similar diseases. Monkey pox can be definitively diagnosed only in a laboratory where viral infection can be diagnosed with a variety of different tests.

Virus prevention
Restricting transfers of African mammals and small apes may contribute Or stopping its transmission to slow the spread of the virus. Caged animals should not be vaccinated against smallpox, but potentially infected ones should be immediately isolated from other animals and quarantined. All animals that may come into contact with other infected animals are quarantined and observed within 30 days for monkey pox symptoms. In the absence of a specific treatment for the monkey line, the lack of contact with infected patients and animals remains a factor in limiting the spread of the disease.

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