What is borderline personality disorder? – Lighting

I have many hasty thoughts in my mind that I can not stand, the idea of ​​suicide by cutting arteries or jumping from the top of the building comes from the severity of depression and psychological pressure I feel, and after several hours of violent resistance to these thoughts, I find myself happy for no reason, my feelings fluctuate between the far right and the far north. Some call me crazy or overly sensitive; For my intense, unwarranted, and unexpected emotions of transient situations that others do not care about.

This is part of a description of the suffering of borderline personality disorder patient Yasmine Al-Khatib, which prompted her to attempt an unsuccessful suicide, praise be to God. So let us know about this disease, its symptoms and can borderline personality disorder be cured?

What is borderline personality disorder?

This disease is characterized as a state of emotional imbalance in the affected individual. It is a mood disorder. It is a personality disorder that makes the individual more sensitive to the situations he is going through and his feelings are unbalanced in most cases. and finds it difficult to return to his normal state even after the disappearance of the cause that caused it.To stir their emotions violently.

Borderline personality disorder is a disorder that affects more women than men, but some scientists believe it affects both men and women, but is misdiagnosed in men as depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.

The effect of the disease does not depend on intense emotions depending on the situation in addition to suicidal thoughts, but also affects the patient’s idea of ​​himself and his feelings towards others. Treat him at all!

symptoms of borderline personality disorder

Symptoms of borderline personality disorder are divided into several groups of traits that affect the individual and they are as follows:

  1. Emotional instability: where the patient feels some negative feelings of anger, sadness and horror, in addition to feeling empty and lonely for a long time with mood swings in short periods of time with suicidal thoughts, which may push him to implement these thoughts against the will their and their sense of happiness varies From person to person, the person may be in a good mood during the day and some people may be in a bad mood at night.
  2. Having lots of relationships with others: the sufferer has many friendships and relationships, but they are often unstable; Because of their emotional instability and mood swings.
  3. Performing impulsive behaviors: These behaviors include two types, which are either self-harm through the use of sharp objects such as knives, or burning the skin with fire and cigarettes, and the second is engaging in reckless things such as: excessive drinking of alcohol . , gambling, drug use and money laundering.
  4. A defect in the pattern of thinking with disturbed perception: The patient has many thoughts that are closer to psychosis and the patient is often unsure of their validity, including the following:
    • Suffers from strange things like: hearing voices outside the head for a few minutes and can appear in the form of orders to harm oneself or others.
    • Having disturbing thoughts: The patient may feel that he is not there, or think that he is a terrible person.
    • Long episodes of abnormal experiences like: hallucinations listening to voices, and having strange and painful beliefs, such as believing that his family wants to hurt or get rid of him.

Read also: Mental illness and life elsewhere

Borderline personality disorder and love

As for the symptoms of borderline personality disorder and love, we will find that it greatly affects emotional relationships; Due to the rapid and violent change of feelings, people with this disease have an intense fear of abandonment and in other cases the patient may feel that their partner is choking them and wants to control them.

As for the fear of abandonment, you will find that the victim becomes tense and angry at the idea, and begins to take action in an attempt to keep his partner, who in turn may strangle the other party, including as follows:

  • Extreme physical bonding and climbing behind the partner and do not let him go.
  • Constantly trying to communicate and contact the other party.
  • Threatening the patient to commit suicide or self-harm if his partner tries to abandon him.
  • Unexpected contact with the other party at night.

When a person with borderline personality disorder believes that the other party is trying to control or stifle him with his actions, he gets angry and tries to get rid of this relationship in any way, through:

  • Emotional withdrawal from a relationship.
  • Use bad words.
  • To reject others and not deal with them.

People with this disease and their friends and life partners suffer; Because their emotional model has only two sides, white or black, and has no gray area, it is either associated with excessive love or extreme hatred.

Causes of borderline personality disorder

DIVORCE

We can not be sure that there is a specific cause of the disease, but scientists believe that there are several reasons that may contribute to the disease, including the following:

  1. Environmental factors: A person exposed to psychological trauma in his or her life, such as physical or sexual abuse during childhood, parental separation, or parental neglect, is more likely to develop borderline personality disorders.
  2. Genes: There is no specific gene that directly causes the disease, but if there is a family member with this disorder, it increases the risk of developing the disease.
  3. Brain dysfunction: A disorder in emotional regulation can occur in the brain, as scientists have tested the brain magnetic resonance imaging to look at the brains of people with borderline personality disorder and found that the size of the 3 brain regions is smaller than normal size. for them, which causes an imbalance in communication between the parts of the brain that control emotions and decision making.

treatment of borderline personality disorder

Visit a psychiatrist
Visit a psychiatrist

A psychiatrist should be consulted to ensure that the individual is diagnosed with this disorder first and then treatment can begin, which includes the following:

  1. Psychotherapy: There are several types of psychotherapy and the doctor chooses the one that suits the case according to the way of thinking and feeling, except that the doctor listens to the patient and discusses it on some issues; Find solutions to his problems and change the patient’s behavior, way of thinking and handling things.
  2. Medications: Doctors differ regarding medications, some believe they are suitable for treatment, and others are likely to be useless, and so far there is no licensed medication to treat this disorder but the medications used in treatment are often aimed at treating another disease. from which the patient suffers, such as: depression, or anxiety, or bipolar disorder.
  3. Dialectical Behavior Therapy: This type of treatment is intended for patients with borderline personality disorder and depends on the treatment of two problems, namely that the individual is sensitive in nature, or that he has faced during his childhood with violence from a parent by do not complain or be sad. , in addition to ignoring his feelings, which makes the patient feel that he is bad and worthless, Dialectical Behavior Therapy aims to address this by discussing, validating, and acknowledging feelings.
  4. Art therapy: includes dance therapy and music therapy, and aims to treat patients who have difficulty expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally.

Some people may ask if borderline personality disorder can be cured? The truth is that treating the disease in the past was difficult, but now with development it can treat borderline personality disorder and it is easier to treat compared to people with depression and bipolar disorder.

Treatment of borderline personality disorder may take about a year for the patient to recover from it, but some recurrences may occur occasionally requiring return to the psychiatrist to continue treatment.

Is borderline personality disorder dangerous?

As mentioned earlier, this disorder is now treatable and although its symptoms are severe, it can be dangerous if left untreated.

Borderline personality disorder causes damage and destruction of emotional relationships and many social problems, and the sufferer may lose work due to severe symptoms of the disease in addition to life threatening. Because of the suicidal thoughts that the patient has.

The patient also associates other diseases with this disorder, such as.

How to deal with a patient with borderline personality disorder?

There are some tips that enable family and friends to help the patient and they should be followed to protect him / her and protect themselves, including:

  1. You must first know and understand the disease and you can talk to a psychiatrist to get some advice and to better understand the disease.
  2. It is preferable to encourage the patient to treat and resist and to encourage them to contact you and the psychiatrist if you encounter any problems or suicidal thoughts to save and help.
  3. The patient should be given emotional support, appreciation, encouragement and patience during their treatment journey; Because change is difficult and scary for them.
  4. A friend or family member may go to another psychiatrist to confirm the diagnosis and advice, in addition to receiving psychological support to continue their support for the patient, in addition to asking for family support.

Read also: How do you deal with a friend who has symptoms of depression?

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