The Syrian refugee dossier has recently emerged and dominates the media scene, especially after the restrictions faced by Syrians in some countries where they sought refuge years ago, as well as the inability to receive new refugees, both in Arab and neighboring countries. especially. Turkey, in addition to the difficulty in European countries.
Perhaps the growing restrictions in Turkey, its high level and the use of the Syrian refugee card in the electoral dossier for Turkish political forces, are pushing many Syrians to think of new options for countries they did not consider addressing during past years Al-Hol.net will review with you the most prominent of them in the following lines.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said in mid-April that Turkey, along with four other countries, had launched an initiative to repatriate Syrian refugees once their safety was guaranteed.
On the 22nd of the same month, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan echoed Cavusoglu’s statement, adding that once we create a safe and secure environment, refugees will return voluntarily. Currently, Turkish plans to repatriate more than one million Syrian refugees to their lands, as well as British plans to begin transferring refugees to Rwanda, seem largely unrealistic amid uncertainty in Syria, so what options are available to Syrians tani.
Complications are a hindrance for Syrians
Syrian refugees in neighboring countries, especially in Turkey, face a number of complex and intertwined challenges in their efforts to achieve stability, from language learning and the process of full integration to the creation of factors for permanent presence in them. vend.
The complexities experienced by refugees in these countries reflect the need for an appropriate legal process to accommodate their long presence, away from any sudden changes carried by administrative decisions, especially the recent decision taken by Turkey, which included some restrictions. on the move and giving a stand. card.
Turkish Interior Minister Suleiman Soylu announced yesterday, Saturday, that they have reduced the percentage of foreigners in the neighborhood from 25 percent to 20 percent, and as a result, the number of foreigners will not be more than 20 percent before the Turks. of July 1 and the new decision aims to reduce the density of foreigners in some Turkish regions, as Turkey made it clear in advance that it no longer allows foreigners to live in 781 neighborhoods within 54 provinces, due to the increase in the percentage of them by more than 25 percent in them.
Although the amalgamation of relations with Damascus would represent a change in the foreign policy of countries hosting Syrians to Syria, the basic proposals for such developments are by no means new, as the focus is on refugee returns and the establishment of a border. The Safe Zone ”in particular presents a renewed emphasis on long-term policy objectives, which are now emerging due to trends in Turkish domestic politics.
South America a possible destination?
While countries receiving Syrian refugees have so far failed to provide the right conditions for the return of large numbers of Syrians – and such a return remains impossible in the foreseeable future – it is likely that growing domestic pressure on Syrian refugees in these countries will lead to the creation of new migration to South America.
Brazil is already home to a large number of the Syrian diaspora, over the past decades. Brazil has a large Syrian and Arab community as a result of increasing emigration since the beginning of the last century, while so far it is still hosting more Syrians. whose application process is still ongoing.Today the main recipient of Syrian refugees in South America.
As the procedures in Brazil are not complicated for the Syrians, it is expected that the attention of the Syrian refugees in the Arab and regional countries surrounding Syria will return there. According to regulations approved by the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, those affected by the “Armed Conflict in Syria” can apply for a humanitarian visa to Brazil, according to the Ministry.
The regulations show that the Brazilian government does not cover the cost of airline tickets or accommodation in Brazil, and therefore the refugee must be prepared to cover all travel expenses for himself and his family after submitting an appointment for the interview via an electronic link to the ministry’s website.
After completing the electronic visa form and attaching all the required documents to the electronic appointment system, applications are processed according to the role system and a statement is made about the possibility of booking an appointment for an interview. From one to six months.
Travel to Brazil seems to be an attractive destination, as the Latin country does not place any obstacles for Syrian refugees to obtain a work permit, which is a permit to work legally in Brazil, but they must register at the nearest station of federal police within 90. days from the date of arrival.
New visa law in Argentina
Argentina is also one of several countries in South America that agreed to accept more displaced refugees after the program began in 2014 and was strengthened in September 2016.
The law requiring visa applicants to have family members in the country has been changed and any Argentine citizen or NGO can now theoretically sponsor and host a refugee or immigrant.
While UNHCR provides technical and financial support for the program, through a joint support mechanism for developing countries in the field of resettlement, such as Brazil and Argentina, which is a joint cooperation framework with the International Organization for Migration, and focuses resources and mechanisms for strengthening institutional capacity and supporting the process of selection, reception and integration of Syrian refugees in Argentina.
It is worth noting that the percentage of Syrian refugees reached 8.25 percent of the percentage of refugees globally by the end of 2019, ranking Syria as the first country of origin for refugees since 2014. A recent report by the Commissioner of The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said the number of Syrian refugees has reached About 6.6 million refugees have been dispersed to 126 countries, and 83 percent of Syrian refugees are concentrated in countries in the Arab region and in Syria’s neighborhood.
According to the Independent International Commission of Inquiry into Syria, known as the Descent of Syria into the Abyss, violence continues against civilians across the country, from bombings in the northwest and northeast to targeted killings, illegal detentions and torture.
“According to the report of the commission of inquiry, released on March 15, there is no safe area for Syrian refugees to move, and at the same time some of them are subjected to psychological attacks and sometimes physical violence to force them to sign.” return “forms” within the asylum centers in some neighboring countries.
According to refugee testimonies, Syrian refugees lack a human rights body that represents their voice and presence in the host countries, that protects their rights in the event of such violations, provides them with legal assistance to manage their lives, or the many options that help them create a better reality for them.