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A time bomb inside families and it is difficult to diagnose .. What is paranoia? Today, Thursday, June 9, 2022 02:42.
Paranoia is a psychological illness that affects the life of the affected person as well as the lives of those around him, especially those close to him.
What is paranoia?
About this disease, doctor Medhat Demerdash said: Mental health counselor, clinical psychotherapy, addiction treatment, and family counseling: paranoia It is a permanent pattern of inner experience and deviant behavior in the person affected by the normal range of culture of the average individual, and is characterized by an eccentric way of thinking, and this is clearly manifested in two areas; Perception (emotion) and personal performance in relationships with others (emotion).
It appears in the affected person in early adulthood or adolescence and is characterized by a long-standing pattern of distrust and distrust of the motives of others, almost always assuming the presence of hatred in them.
Dr. Medhat added that those suffering from this disorder – even without corroborative evidence; He assumes the tendency of others to exploit, harm, or deceive him excessively, and thus loses faith in the loyalty or trustworthiness of those around him. work), be kept at risk of injury.
Symptoms of paranoia
The mental health consultant, clinical psychotherapy, addiction treatment and family counseling revealed the most important symptoms of the patient as follows:
Frequent, unjustified suspicions about the spouse / partner’s fidelity, due to suspicions about the commitment of others.
Observe hidden, hidden, insulting threats against him that others do not see, even in innocent comments, casual glances, or well-meaning situations. Therefore, he reacts furiously and retaliates quickly.
Strong tendency for independence and self-sufficiency. Refrain from disclosing his information to others, for fear of using it against him, with cold feelings and distance in relationships with others. He can become jealous and take control.
Aggressive, aggressive, given to controversy, does not accept criticism and is unable to identify his position in the problem; He is always right.
holding grudges and malice; He does not forgive and does not forget the insult, is overly sensitive and has trouble relaxing.
Causes of paranoia
To date, its causes are still unclear.
Specialists tend to favor the influence of the biopsychosocial model of causality.
This model includes a complex network of important elements of an interrelated nature. That is, the importance of biological and genetic factors (genetic aspect), social (interaction of a person in the early stages of development with family, friends and children around him), and psychological (shaping the personality of the individual and his. Mood. through his environment with acquired skills to withstand pressures).
In parallel, research shows a slightly increased risk of the disorder “passing” from the affected person to their children.
Statistics tend to confirm the specific weight of the genetic aspect (genes), in the occurrence of the disorder.
Observations show a relationship between his appearance and the presence of close relatives suffering from schizophrenia.
Early childhood experiences, including emotional and physical trauma, play a role in the development of the disorder. He recorded the effect of negative experiences – especially if they were placed in a threatening environment for the home – on the onset of the disorder. Among the factors influencing this cycle is the presence of parental anger pressure with extreme intensity and unfounded validity or arrogant parental influence, which implants in the child deep states of insecurity.
Complications of paranoia
Here, each of these behaviors and behaviors interferes with the patient’s ability to maintain his or her relationships and his or her social and professional performance. In many cases, victims are involved in legal battles against individuals or companies because they believe they are the target.
The disorder is chronic and often lasts a lifetime.
Although some of those suffering from this have been able to get married and keep a job, others are not able to do so completely because they refuse treatment, so the outcome is generally bad.
Dr. Medhat stressed that accurate case diagnosis is often lacking; Because it requires the existence of long-term and permanent behavioral patterns, and since personality change in adolescence is normal for adulthood, diagnosis is usually not made before adulthood.
Symptoms should be present for at least a year if early diagnosis is required.
He explained that the treatment plan for paranoid personality disorder is based on long-term psychotherapy by a psychotherapist experienced in this type of disorder, and sometimes medications are included in the plan to cope with some of the depressive dilemmas and symptoms.
However, the success rate of the treatment plan is low due to the difficulty of the existing challenges; Trust is vital in psychotherapy and a person with this disorder is mainly characterized by loss of trust with others, so he has no trust in the doctor or therapist.
Therefore, many patients do not follow the plan. Which necessarily affects the effect of treatment.
The severity of the disorder intensifies in the forties and fifties; Where many of the infected with limbs have some symptoms.
At this last intersection, given the fact that it is impossible to prevent the onset of anxiety; It is a good thing that sometimes treatment gives a person who is sensitive to it an opportunity to learn effective ways to deal with the facts.
The good news, however, is that, like most personality disorders, its severity decreases with age.