Learn about car types and classes

Car types vary greatly and vary in terms of size, design, performance power and other factors. We will provide you with a comprehensive guide to help you distinguish between different types of cars and their different categories. In fact, the classification of cars and their division into categories can be used for various purposes, including the organizational purposes of governments and the purposes of description and distribution by car manufacturers, and this also benefits the official authorities in determining car taxes. in relation to each category.

Also, knowing the classification of cars helps us to make fair comparisons between different types of cars and their models, it makes no sense to compare a family sedan from Toyota with a sports car from Chevrolet, for example, cars must be the same. categories in order to benefit from the comparison.

Although it may seem easy to some, car categories are divided into more than 20 different types and categories. It is true that there are more popular car types than others, but we will try in our today’s article review and clarify specifications. each of them with realistic examples of existing models and types of cars.Today in the market the picture becomes clearer and the classification will depend on the size of the car and the uses for which it is manufactured.

Guide for car types

Passenger cars:

1) Category of micro machines:

Micro machine

This is the smallest car class at all and its location can be described as the boundary between motorcycles and car, also known as Bubble Cars, and has a small engine with a capacity of less than 1 liter and is usually designed for accommodates only two passengers.It has an unconventional design and can only come with three wheels, and its history dates back to World War II.

Cars (BMW Azetta), (Smart4Two) and (Tata Nano) fall into this category.
As a reminder, dear reader, we have reviewed the five smallest cars in this category in a previous episode of the Top 5 program, which you can follow at this link.

2) City car class:

city ​​cars
city ​​cars

These cars are also called subcompact car classes, which are cheap, small cars that are designed to be used in cities and urban gatherings, and despite their small size, cars in this category can accommodate four passengers and often come with a hatchback design that integrates passengers and cargo into the rear of the car.
According to the European Car Classification System, this car category and the previous category fall under category A for small cars, examples of which are the Fiat 500, Mini and Kia Picanto.

3) Economy class of cars:

Economic machine
Economic machine

It is also known as the category of small cars or light vehicles and is also known as category B according to the European car classification system and generally the length of these cars ranges between 3.6 and 4.2 m, and these cars are also characterized by their relative price. cheap and light weight, and on the other hand, they are often Enjoy your creativity.
Examples of cars in this category are Ford Fiesta, Kia Rio and Nissan Micra

4) Category of compact cars:

compact machines
compact machines

It is also called the small family car category or category C according to the European classification, and its length generally varies between 4.25 m for the hatchback and 4.5 m in the sedan versions, and these cars can accommodate up to five passengers and are usually equipped with engines with a capacity ranging from 1.4 to 2.2 liters and can reach 2.5 liters
Examples of small family car types are: Honda Civic, Mazda 3 and Toyota Corolla.

5) Medium-sized car category:

medium cars
medium cars

Also known as:

Large family cars, usually these cars come with a length of more than 4.7 m in a sedan version, but lately we see cars with large family hatchbacks like the Citroen DS5, and these cars usually have more powerful engines than the cars of small, mostly. ordinary of which are 6-cylinder engines.
Chevrolet Malibu, Ford Fusion, Mazda 6 and Toyota Camry cars fall into this category

6) The main category of luxury cars:

Primary class of luxury cars
Primary class of luxury cars

It is also known as a high-priced compact car and is formed with the cars of the previous category D class according to the European car classification system. motori.
Examples of this car class include: BMW 3 Series, Mercedes C-Class, Audi A4 and Lexus ES

7) Full size car class:

Full size car class
full size cars

It is also called the category of large cars or high-priced cars, and this term refers to the largest sedan available on the market, and the length of this type of car often exceeds 4.9 m and has a wide interior compartment designed for it. accommodate 6 passengers with their luggage, and examples of which are the cars Chevrolet Impala Toyota Avalon and Dodge Charger

8) The middle class of luxury cars:

The middle class of luxury cars
The middle class of luxury cars

These types of cars are classified with the cars of the previous category (full size) in category E according to European specifications and both categories are known as cars with high prices and although they share almost the same dimensions, the cars of this category are characterized by the highest performance. well, technologically advanced techniques and more conveniences.
Examples of cars of this class are: Mercedes E-Class, BMW 5-Series, Audi A6 and Tesla Model S

9) Full size luxury car class:

full size
full size category

It is a class of large and high-end cars and is known as class F according to the European car classification system, and often they are four-door saloon cars, and it is customary to equip these cars with the latest technology. in the automotive world and many models of this category also offer larger versions with a long wheelbase to give passengers The rear seats have ample space with more comforts and these cars have powerful engines with 8 cylinders or more.

Among the cars belonging to this category are BMW 7 Series, Mercedes S-Class, Lexus LS and Porsche Panamera.

10) Category of sports cars:

sports cars
sports cars

This category is also known as the S-Class Coupe according to the European classification, and while its definition extends to several subcategories, however, light weight and high maneuverability are among the most important features of the cars of this category. and cars of this category often come with two-door design, while they fall under the name of sports cars the following categories:

11) GT Class (Grand Tourer):

Cars in this category enjoy high performance and a special level of luxury, as well as their high speed and a large fuel tank that allows them to travel long distances, and they are bigger and heavier than ordinary sports cars. These cars usually come with a front engine and rear-wheel drive system with two front and two rear seats. The GT name is rich, fast and stylish, so it is often used in cars that are not in this category initially as a form of marketing.
Examples of cars in this class are: Aston Martin DB9, Bentley Continental GT and Rolls Royce Wraith.

12) Category of supercars:

super machine
super machine

It can also be called super powerful cars or “super”, a name used by car manufacturers for the most luxurious and powerful versions of sports cars and GT cars, as these cars are characterized by unusual specifications and their price is significantly higher than the rest. of cars, while supercars come with only two seats in most cases The term supercar is also used to describe limited-edition cars manufactured by elite companies.

Examples of such cars are Bugatti Chiron, LaFerrari, Lamborghini Aventador, McLaren P1 and Koenigsegg Agera R

13) Class of cars with convertible roof (transportation):

Car with convertible roof
car with folding roof

They are also called convertible cars or convertibles, and as their name suggests, this category differs from the others by a specific specification in the design of the external structure, which is the possession of a roof that can be fully opened and closed, and these copies are available from many models, and these machines typically use a roof made of fabric or other flexible material that folds easily, but some models also have a metal roof or other solid material so that the roof can be folded inside the machine. . body after opening.,
Convertible versions of Mercedes S-Class, BMW 6 Series, Porsche 911 and Chevrolet Camaro are available.

14) Roadster car category:

Class Roadster
Class Roadster

This name was originally coined for two-seater cars that have no roof, and later the use of the word expanded to include two-seater folding roof cars, and this category is also known as the Spyder.
Examples of roadster cars are: Honda S2000, BMW Z4, Mazda MX, Porsche Boxster and Mercedes SLS AMG GT

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