Victorian architecture does not refer to a specific design style, but rather to the “era” or the era in which Queen Victoria ruled Great Britain from 1837 to 1901, a period described as the height of the Empire, although Victorian architecture began in England and its features are still Mostly visible in the architecture of their cities and towns, their influence is very wide, reaching places such as Australia, New Zealand and North America, where countries and regions of various have adapted them to suit local tastes, lifestyles, and building materials.
Victorian interior design was the result of the Industrial Revolution, as the reign of Queen Victoria coincided with the emergence of this revolution, which facilitated the growth of production, the expansion of the middle class and the growth of wealth. It was an era of innovation and creativity in various fields. . Simply a luxury reserved for the wealthy only for a hobby that can be practiced and attended by the middle class and ordinary people. Homes were built in this era to include people from different social classes and with different income levels, starting with houses arranged in narrow rows overlooking the narrow streets filled with people without kindergartens or health facilities. in detached and semi-detached houses that emerged at the end of the era were equipped with modern appliances, such as hot and cold water, sewage and gas. relationships.
Innovations in construction techniques, diversity in materials used, and mass production with the ability to transport by rail saved construction time and helped spur a housing boom during the 1850s and 1870s, which saw the construction of Victorian buildings in a number of great. Construction materials such as Machine-made bricks spread in new ways and tiles. Welsh gray ceilings and stained glass used in the 1930s increased the size of windows compared to previous periods.
Architecture in the Victorian era lasted more than 60 years, a relatively long period that made it difficult to define it in a single design style. Convergent time periods, including neo-Gothic or Victorian Gothic, Greek Renaissance, Schengel, Victorian Folk, Second Empire, Neo-Romantic, Italian and Queen Anne of the late era.
Before the Victorian era, the buildings were created in the Georgian style, which was distinguished by both symmetry and Renaissance-style interiors, with a few small windows and limited decoration. .
But Victorian architecture rejected past styles in favor of a style that reflected the rise of certain social classes expressing the modern luxury revealed through the design of luxuriously overgrown luxury buildings. Excessive scattering of decorative elements was seen by most Victorian families as a sign of refined taste.
Architecture in the Victorian era is characterized by an exaggerated love of decoration. It reflects in its architecture and interior design the sense of abundance that grew in that period. The buildings were ornate and their interior spaces were decorated with luxurious furnishings and decorated like Everything in this style is ornate, even the windows, corners and capitals of the exterior surface.
The buildings consisted of two to three floors, built of plain or colored bricks, with asymmetrical design. Their large sliding windows were preceded by balconies covered with painted iron railings and small gardens. The roofs were very steep, also known as “attic roofs”. “, and their windows were decorated and finished with capitals on the roof in a church style, distinguished by octagonal or round towers specially designed to draw the eye upwards.
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Victorian houses were painted in shades of dark gemstones like burgundy, emerald green and dark blue with tones such as dark brown, some distinguished by monochromatic tones while others distinguished by contrast and dark and saturated typical of Victorians, especially in town houses, and this choice had nothing to do with philosophy or psychology Colors are so associated with necessity, as rampant pollution in the city would stain light walls.These grades were a useful option in that period, according to the construction mechanism that relied on coal, but in later periods the colors became brighter and a variety of pastel shades became popular.
Intricate interior design
Victorian interiors were intricate, crowded, ornate and layered, described as bizarre. Victorian home interiors often included large staircases, high ceilings, solid carpeted floors, glass windows with stains, fireplaces and ornate wood panels.
The furniture came in the early and middle Victorian era with curved and spiral edges, similar to their French counterpart in the 18th century, while in the later period, upholstered furniture inspired by oriental designs became popular and also tended to be highly decorative.
Curtains were also the preferred choice for Victorian windows because of their ability to give a more luxurious look. They were made of extravagant and heavy fabrics covered with silk or wool, then folded and hung on curtain rods gilded for doubled the sense of luxury.
As for the walls, in the early Victorian era, wallpaper was widely used in almost all parts of the house, and was mostly red, blue or green with brown tones, and then in a later period gave way to other models such as as the leaves and widespread colors of the earth in keeping with the usual Gothic style at the time.
The lighting was mostly wall bellows and candles, except for the decorative lamps that occupied a prominent place in the second half of the Victorian movement.
Victorian houses and buildings built around the world can be clearly seen, but perhaps most famous and most important of all, the Westminster Palace in the Thames in London, built by Sir Charles Barry after the Great Fire of 1834, this the building is a perfect example of its Victorian models at its peak with its highly ornate façade and tyrannical Gothic architecture with a church-like finish, as well as the famous Big Ben clock tower.
Another famous example are the ladies’ buildings painted in the late 19th or early 20th century on Alamo Square in San Francisco, USA, a mass of glowing Victorian houses that are a major part of of the rich architectural history of San Francisco. Which tourists from all over the world come to take pictures, and its exterior was decorated with three or more colors to highlight its decorative architectural features, and was repainted in the sixties to emphasize its details architectural, and although multicolored decoration was popular in the Victorian era, the colors used in These houses are not based on any similar historical precedent.