Queen Elizabeth II came out today from the balcony of Buckingham Palace to greet the public who came to see her on the occasion of the platinum jubilee of her coming to power in Britain. What is the history of this historic palace?
Buckingham Palace is one of the landmarks of London and the United Kingdom. It is the official residence of the kings of Britain and has witnessed many events related to the royal family, be they joys, crises or troubles, and from there press releases were issued. of royal offices.
The palace is the seat of many meetings and visits of state leaders, in addition to being a major tourist destination, and more than 50,000 people visit the palace each year as guests at banquets, lunches or dinners, receptions or celebrations of the Royal Garden.
The palace also features state rooms that are open to visitors each year.
Buckingham Palace is a strong starting point to see many of London’s attractions and landmarks, whether overlooking the River Thames, St James’ Palace, Big Ben, Piccadilly Square and others.
The construction of the palace dates back several centuries, and the land of the palace was a royal farm owned by Edward the Confessor (1042-1066 AD), King of England of Saxon descent, and Henry VIII (1491 -1547) King of England, in 1531 , was James I (1566-1625) He is King of England and Ireland (1603-1625) and also King of Scotland (1567-1626) plans to be a silkworm farm to produce silk after taking the throne but abandons it the idea.
Despite these royal activities on the palace grounds, it was built not by the royal family, but by the Duke of Buckingham “John Sheffield” in 1703, who built the house in a simple way – it forms a large part of Buckingham Palace . sot.
In 1761, the Buckingham House was sold to King George III for ,000 21,000 as a home for his wife, Queen Charlotte.
In 1762 work began on the reconstruction of the house, at the request of the King, according to the projects of Sir William Chambers, at a total cost of ,000 73,000.
It was then developed in 1820 to be a stately palace and Parliament agreed to allocate a budget of ,000 150,000 to complete the required transfers, but the king put pressure on Parliament, raising it to ,000 450,000.
The main building was preserved, but doubled in size, with the addition of a new wing, the rooms of which overlooked the garden, from the west. The exterior design of the palace, covered with Bath stone, reflected the neoclassical French style, which was favored by King George IV ever since.
The first person to stay in the palace
Queen Victoria, the first to stay at Buckingham Palace, was a British king and queen, in 1837, just three weeks after ascending the throne. The British Royal Palace has since become famous.
In June 1838, she was the first British queen to leave Buckingham Palace for the coronation, and the Queen’s marriage to Prince Albert, in 1840, quickly revealed flaws in the palace. One of the serious problems for the newlyweds was the lack of rooms for children and the presence of a very limited number of rooms for visitors, so the only solution was to build a fourth wing in its place, so the palace was surrounded by buildings. from its four corners.
It is known that during World War II, George VI and Queen Elizabeth refused to leave the palace, which made it an ideal target for German raids, and they may have stayed in the palace, given their knowledge of secret tunnels. not all have been discovered so far despite all those years and all the maps drawn up for it.
The facade of the palace is 108 meters long, 120 meters deep (including the central square) and 24 meters high. The palace has 775 rooms, including 19 state rooms, 52 royal and guest rooms, 188 staff rooms, 92 offices and 78 banjot.
The palace lights more than 40,000 lamps and its 760 windows are cleaned every 6 weeks to keep out the sunlight.
The palace is a predominantly business building, a pillar of Britain’s constitutional monarchy, housing the offices of the staff and assistants of the late Queen and Duke of Edinburgh and their families.
It is also the official residence for grand royal ceremonies, foreign visits and meetings organized by the royal family, and the “state chambers” form the core of the palace as the seat of business.
The palace, in addition to kings and princes, includes more than 800 workers and more than 350 hours, who are maintained by a working team that works continuously to control these hours.
Buckingham Palace is adorned with many priceless masterpieces that are part of the Royal Collection, one of the most important art collections in the world, but that does not make it a museum or an art gallery.
Not the largest of the royal palaces
Buckingham Palace is not the largest in the country, where Windsor Castle is the largest, largest and oldest inhabited castle in the world and has been the home of the royal family for nearly 1000 years. The property is located there.
Windsor Castle is located in the English county of Berkshire, dates back to the period of William the Conqueror and covers an area of about 45,000 square feet. one of the most important official residences of the British Crown.