Aman – A specialist study found that “many plastic toys, kitchen utensils, office equipment and hair accessories sold in local markets contain high levels of toxic chemicals, particularly flame retardant bromine”.
The study, the results of which were announced yesterday at a press conference, showed that “these products also contain dioxins, which are environmental pollutants belonging to a group of dangerous chemicals, which are worrying because of their high ability. to cause poisoning ”.
BFRs are widely used in plastics, including furniture upholstery, car seats, electronics and building insulation, in order to increase fire safety and reduce their flammability.
And the study, which was prepared by the Jordanian Association Ayady for Environment and Sustainable Development, the International Network for the Elimination of Organic Pollutants and the Arnica Association, stated that “flame retardant elements were the highest concentration in the cube of children’s toys, and small plastic cars at cheap prices, which are all sold in local markets. ” .
And it is not limited to those products, but according to the results of the study, which was announced at the press conference held by the Federation of Environmental Associations (Quality Union), in partnership with the Ayadi Environmental Association, these concentrations were also is found in kitchen utensils and office supplies, especially those containing plastic materials. ” “It is recycled and has a black color, so Jordan ranks first among the 11 countries targeted by the study as well.”
He pointed out that “children’s toys, hair accessories, office equipment and kitchen utensils in the Jordanian market are affected by the unregulated recycling of electronic plastic waste, which transfers BFRs to new products”.
The founder of the Ayadi Association for Environment and Sustainable Development, Engineer Orouba Al-Rifai, stressed that “recycling plastic waste saturated with chemicals and persistent organic pollutants destroys the environment and human health, as it should not be buried, reused or recycled for to prevent the entry of chemical pollutants into the environment. “
These persistent organic pollutants cause a lot of health damage, which Al-Rifai summed up as “endocrine disruption when people are exposed to high levels of dioxins, impeding children’s cognitive nervous development, lack of fertility and weakening of the immune system.”
In terms of environmental damage, she said, “the burning of plastic waste contributes to the emission of organic pollutants into the air and their burial pollutes the soil, water and air, which ends up in the human food chain like eggs.”
She stressed that “these pollutants have their effects on the state economy, as the government is in charge of hazardous waste management, because there are no strict restrictions on the low level of these pollutants in waste.”
She said that “her association submitted to the Ministry of Environment at the end of last month a copy of this study with all the recommendations, to take appropriate measures in this regard.”
30 different samples of children’s toys, kitchen utensils and office supplies were selected from a local market, and then coded and sent to the laboratories of the Arnica Association in the Czech Republic for laboratory testing and whether they contain flame retardants ( which are persistent organic pollutants) because it poses a threat to human health, especially for vulnerable groups such as women and children.
And analyzes of materials sold in the domestic market and in ten other Arab and African countries, showed that 61 products contain high percentages of these chemicals that exceed the percentages set by the Basel Convention on the Control of Transport and the Disposal of Hazardous Waste.
Therefore, it is necessary “to ban the entry of treated and recycled plastic with brominated flame retardant (BFR) into toys and other consumer goods,” according to Omar Al-Shoushan, head of the Federation of Environmental Associations (Union of Specifications ). .
Al-Shoushan stressed that “the Kingdom needs to improve its national legislation to ensure better control over the entry of waste and products, especially with regard to the content of persistent organic pollutants.”
Al-Shoushan summed up the study’s recommendations with “the need to rely on safe separation techniques and technologies away from incineration technology to destroy persistent organic pollutants, by applying stricter limits on the content of these low pollutants.” and in accordance with Article VI of the Stockholm Convention. “
The Stockholm Convention, ratified by Jordan in 2004, aims to reduce or eliminate persistent emissions of organic pollutants and includes measures to reduce or eliminate emissions from reserves and residues, as stated in Article VI.
It is also necessary, according to Al-Shoushan, to “fix the gaps in the technical guidelines of the Basel Convention, which allow the export of idle electronic equipment, as stricter standards must be set to determine the hazardous waste that is created according to the Basel and Stockholm Conventions ”.