Dr.Fawzia Abu Khaled
Neither hostile slogans nor blind convictions in foreign relations
It has not historically been the custom of Saudi Arabia, neither in prosperity, nor in intensity, nor even in the most intense moments of unrest, to rely on slogans to express political views.
“Death to America” and its empty emotional slogans that say one word in public and cover another in the background of events and that close deals from under the table individually and reciprocally .. from the occupation of the American embassy during the Carter era to the end of the seventies until the Iran Gate scandal in the mid-1980s led to the iranian nuclear deal in its termination, its violation and its obstruction today.
And if the relationship between the Arab world and America has never been without ambiguity in some of its aspects, which range from absolute domination and extreme harm to America’s unjust historical support for the occupation of Arab land and the holy places represented in land from Zionist settlers. of Palestine and the city of Jerusalem, and the facilitation of militia and political bullying on Arab soil in the face of its regional neighbors, such as Iran and Turkey, and between the U.S. effort to anticipate regional policies by trying to lay its hands on what might be a blackmail card, like the one that happened in the deceptive wave of the “Congress Report” for nearly two decades, which did not appear after its publication two years ago, which condemns the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the atheist operation of September, nor near and far, and before that the American provocative stance against the Kingdom after its initiative during the reign of King Faisal to cut off oil supplies during the 1973 Ramadan Ramadan War, the conservative method in the foreign policy relations of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in general, including relations with America He never closed his eyes to the causes of this confusion, but did not make it the center of slogans. On the contrary, this method may have helped to work politically and diplomatically, as the nature of the Saudi regime was able to preserve the Kingdom, its lands and energies as a united and independent Saudi state, not to neglect Arab law and not to give up. the sovereign rights of the Kingdom, in spite of the sweeping wave and drying that characterized it. The reality of the Arab region within it and in its relations with the hegemonic powers, either in light of their plurality or after they were concentrated on the American pole after the collapse of the Soviet Union more than three decades ago.
Today, speculations and speculations are plentiful about US-Saudi relations, and whether those who present their speculations and speculations based on ideological positions far from objectivity, or those who present them based on desired thoughts from an immersed point of view subjective, or from positions that either move toward the “mindless joy of rejection” versus “intolerance”. Al-Khofi, who agrees with “stupidity” or political underestimation, has two statements that can be considered, not in terms of dominance or support, but rather in terms of a critical reading approach to what is being said.
It is said that the Saudi-American and the American-Saudi relationship are historical, solid and well-established relations that can not be shaken by the winds of change in the US presidency and administration, because they are based on very old strategic interests and are. still undergoing renewal and therefore they can not be affected by the ebb and flow of events within US entrances. Neither Saudi nor regional transformations nor regional and international transformations, to say America, in light of withdrawal policies and its traditional positions of external weight (during and after the Cold War and during the period it called its war on terror in the Middle East and its environs), which is like its open withdrawal from Afghanistan, its culmination, may be around Changing its strategic relationship with the Kingdom, causing this relationship to deviate from enduring historical tradition.
In fact, each of the two statements, regardless of their accuracy, is not free from elements that can be considered, even as a way of thinking aloud.
The first statement refers to a long historical journey of the power of relations between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and America and vice versa. The first signs of an alliance between Saudi Arabia and the United States based on taking into account the needs and interests of both sides grew from the first meeting between King Abdulaziz and President Roosevelt in the heart of World War II and before the oil position to focus on bilateral relations in 1945 AD on the basis of the independence of Saudi lands, including what America might temporarily need. the position of European colonialism in the Arab region with a policy of filling the gap, especially in light of American caution against Soviet enlargement at the time in the Arab region because of the importance of oil to global capitalism under American leadership .. without prejudice to sovereignty Saudi Arabia, going through the policy of various American presidents with their mutual republican and democratic administrations, including the administration of father Bush, then Clinton, son Bush, the Obama administration and after him Trump for differences and agreements between them.
Despite the presence of those successive administrations at the political and military stages that are essential to America’s relationship with the region and with the Kingdom itself, the US-Saudi / US-Saudi relationship continued to enjoy some sort of strong strategic ties that allowed political controversy to be absorbed. and the military that took place in the positive and negative dimensions of the Gulf War, the second and the attempt that started from Saudi Arabia to restore Kuwait as an independent Arab state 190/91 after the Saddamist attack on its sovereignty, and other stations with thorns before that until after the invasion of Iraq by the american army in 2003 and the tension and retreat that followed at the level of the arab region as a whole, and what preceded and followed The crisis and tension in the situation between america and the kingdom reached its peak of complexity after 9/11 2001 (in which King Abdullah adopted a method of control still being studied), despite what p The US military caused a regional imbalance in favor of the militia in favor of the expansion of militias. painful war of destruction, which is entering its seventh year. Relations between Saudi Arabia and the United States caused a sigh of relief once again after Trump’s victory as the Republican Party representative in the US presidency and his first overseas visit to Riyadh.
The other statement is trying to preoccupy US-Saudi relations by worrying about US withdrawal from the Middle East region as an indication of a strategic shift in US foreign policy that will pull it out of the cocoon of the need for Eastern relations. of the Middle. depend on it and depend on it by turning its eye to China and directing its political, military and financial attention to trying to curb What seems likely soon is for China to advance as a competing polar power separately since the dissolution of the Soviet Union as the only power pole in the world, in addition to focusing the White House foreign policy focus on confronting what Russia has turned into a thorn in the American throat as an independent polar dispute or in partnership with China, especially after the Russian Military Incursion into Ukraine.
And in light of the signs of America’s move to East Asia of “suspicious” regional movements toward the Arabian Ocean, they could have more than one effect on shifting the regional balance of power in favor of Iran, Turkey, and Israel at their expense. of the Arab Region and far from the strategic importance of Arabia in general and Saudi Arabia with its cultural, religious and economic weight. effort, or even “co-appropriation” as it is today concerned with strengthening its internal front in the various spectrums of its national and social forces and adopting a diverse and balanced foreign policy that makes it a number of independent that is difficult to ignore in calculations Global economic and political stability, if the power struggle over polar hegemony continues or the conflict is resolved by multipolarity towards less confrontational international relations and one-sided military, cultural and economic domination … towards the dream of relations international law one day in the history of human urbanization.