Posted on: 05/30/2022 (last update: 30/05/2022 time: 15:57)
Ramallah – Ma’an – The Center for the Protection of Civil Liberties and Rights “Hurriyat” held a conference entitled “Freedom of Movement, Movement and Travel” in the Hall of the Ramallah Chamber of Commerce, with the participation of many speakers representing local institutions and international. operating in Palestine.
The speakers presented fact sheets that shed light on the reality of freedom of movement, movement and travel and the measures taken by the occupying authorities to restrict freedom of movement as an individual and collective punishment imposed on the Palestinian person in clear violation of international norms. human rights law and international humanitarian law.
This conference is part of the project on the right to movement and travel funded by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and in his opening remarks, “Bettris Kandari” representative of the Sawasiya Program (2) stressed that the right for movement and movement is guaranteed under Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and expressed its support for this. The case is providing legal assistance to those denied the right to move and travel, and looks at the importance of the conference and the results and recommendations that result from it that can contribute to strengthening the efforts of human rights institutions to restrict the movement of imposed on the Palestinians and to make it an easily enforceable right without significant obstacles.
Dr. Ahmed Khaled, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Center for the Protection of Freedoms, spoke and assessed that the right to move and travel is one of the most important rights guaranteed by international charters and human rights declarations.
He added that the list of occupying violations of the right of travel and movement is long, most notably the death barriers that cut through parts of the West Bank, prevented entry into the city of Jerusalem and prevented the people of Jerusalem themselves from within. The movement, as happened yesterday in the flag march, as well as what caused the dividing wall in the division between individuals Family and a family.
Khaled called on the UN Secretary-General and special rapporteurs interested in the matter to follow up with the occupying authorities and hold them accountable for this ongoing crime, which affects the Palestinian people of all kinds and is carried out by a decision of the military administration without judicial supervision.
Dr. Munir Nusseibeh, director of the Clinic for Human Rights at Al-Quds University, stated when exposed to freedom of movement in Jerusalem that the people of Jerusalem can move within the wall but cannot enter the Gaza Strip.
He stated that when Jerusalem was occupied in 1967, he gave the Jerusalemites a legal status represented in permanent residence in Jerusalem, and over time the occupation developed new mechanisms and procedures that would deprive them of being inside Jerusalem with what is known as the policy of withdrawal. identities, in addition to this complexity, as the occupying state determines the satisfaction of the children of the children of Jerusalem dwellers and the same situation applies to spouses.These restrictions have created a group of people who can not move due to lack of complex requirements Israelis for their enjoyment of the right of residence, movement and travel.
Mr. Issam Younes, Director of the Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, added, in the context of his speech on freedom of movement in the Gaza Strip, to block the Gaza Strip and close the Gaza Strip itself, living . its internal concerns and the siege imposed on the Belt and restrictions on freedom of movement, with the aim of breaking the status quo, since Military Order Number One of 1967 declared that the Gaza Strip area is a military zone, is not allowed to leave. or enter it, and this situation continued until 1969, when it was necessary to regulate the movement of citizens from the Gaza Strip under the pressure of the Israeli labor market need for free labor, so the occupying authorities gave the people of the Gaza Strip. general approval to enter Israeli areas with special permits. The occupying authorities restricted movement from the Gaza Strip to the outside to the extent that the restriction became general and an exception. Allowing movement and travel outside the Belt with complex procedures, e.g. Patients with cancer in the Gaza Strip need 21 working days to be issued permits, in addition to the problems of preventing persons accompanying them from entering with patients for security reasons.
Mr. Muhammad Azaiza, a researcher from the Maslak Association in the Gaza Strip, spoke about freedom of movement between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
He stated that the occupying authorities embodied the policy of partition between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, as maintaining the policy of partition affects the individual rights of citizens, a policy that is implemented for security reasons and uses it as a punishment against specific Palestinian parties. , and this policy is also implemented through a series of restrictive measures to move between the West Bank and Gaza, and these criteria set by the occupation do not apply to 90% of the inhabitants of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, and allowing the remaining 10% to meet the conditions to apply for a permit, but this small group does not necessarily guarantee the approval of a movement permit and this ban also applies to sports categories that were denied movement from Gaza to the West Bank, as happened with the Rafah service team, which was denied playing in the domestic league, except for the fact that the occupying Israeli authorities control the population register.
Professor Carmen Kishk, representative of the Campaign for the Protection of Academic Rights, stated that in the month 2 of 2022, the law was issued for foreigners coming to Palestine, which gives the occupying authorities the right to intervene in the types of disciplines allowed. to teach in Palestinian universities, conditioned by their contribution to economic development without special criteria For this requirement, as well as determining the number of professors and students allowed to work in (35) educational institutions in Palestine, where it is allowed to take all the time. year 100 university professors and 130 students a year, and added that in 1980 the occupying authorities issued resolution no. professors due to these measures, also, earlier this year were not allowed to enter two doctoral students from Germany when they learned that they were carrying out a joint project with Birzeit University.
A number of detainees whose travel bans have been lifted thanked the Center for the Protection of Freedoms and their lawyers for their contribution to lifting the ban on them. Death bans, which have become a crime that can be affects any Palestinian Citizen, following the soft and general instructions of the occupying army command to its soldiers, which allow shooting for any reason without consideration, other than preventing movement between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, except for groups separate and in very small numbers. , and also the prevention of travel to Jordan under the pretext of security reasons, which affects the enjoyment of the Palestinian citizen of his individual rights in relation to education, treatment, health, worship and other rights related to social communication and family reunification.
The conference was concluded by Mr. Helmy Al-Araj, Director of the Center for the Protection of Freedoms, thanking the Sawasiya Program for supporting the Freedom of Movement and Travel project.
He pointed out that our people are paying the price for the policy of occupation in the division of the West Bank and Gaza Strip area, this very small area, and the laws applicable to it can be metaphorically enforced on a large continent due to a large number of restrictive measures that resulted from it, which deprived tens of thousands of citizens of freedom of movement and travel.
He called on the free world to intervene and take responsibility for this silent crime committed by the occupation against Palestinian citizens.
He stated that Hurriyet documented more than 8,500 cases of travel bans, including more than 650 women, most of whom are prisoners and families of prisoners, with the aim of punishing their families and that the policy of banning travel is outside the judiciary. and is controlled by the Israeli security services without prior knowledge of travel bans who are surprised by this procedure when they prevent them from traveling to the border point with Jordan.
He noted the need to turn the issue of travel bans into a national issue and to work for its internationalization in order to achieve the desired success and reduce the unjust travel ban policy towards Palestinian citizens.