Emirates Global Aluminum, the company, announced its partnership with the College of Engineering at the American University of Sharjah to conduct research on economic and environmental contributions to the improvement of soils made from bauxite waste and the conversion of waste into energy based on food waste.
The research project, which cost 1.6 million dirhams and is being implemented over three years, comes as part of the second phase of cooperation between EGA and the American University of Sharjah, with the aim of reusing the remaining bauxite, which is one of. -products coming from aluminum refining.
The new research comes after three years of collaboration between the two institutions to create a technical solution to combine food waste such as biocar, a type of coal produced naturally based on agricultural expertise in the Amazon Basin with bauxite waste that has been treated, for produce synthetic soil that contributes to the preservation of the environment, using other food waste by-products such as oil and biogas, which can be treated in the first phase of research to rely on them to convert waste into energy.
The new research aims to confirm that many environmental and economic goals can be achieved by implementing an integrated process, relying on the reuse of food waste produced in large quantities in the UAE and mixing it with bauxite waste for produce soil and convert waste into energy.
Reliance on food waste to design biofuels and bioenergy products is an important innovation globally that can contribute to achieving the UAE’s goals to reduce landfill waste by 75% by 2030, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve local resources and develop a knowledge-based economy in the UAE by adopting the principle of research and development.
EGA is conducting extensive internal research in collaboration with several institutions such as the College of Agricultural and Food Sciences at the University of Queensland. Earlier this year, EGA announced its plans to set up a pilot plant in Al Taweelah to return waste. of bauxite in produced terrestrial products and this plant may be the first of its kind.In the world.
20% to 40% will be converted into biofuel to produce electricity
Abdullah Al Zarooni, Vice President of Technology Management, Development and Transfer at Emirates Global Aluminum, said: “We are constantly working on innovating the solutions needed to reduce the amount of waste generated by our industrial activities and contribute to achieving of the UAE aspirations to achieve zero carbon emissions and to reduce the amount of waste at landfills and in light of this achievement. We look forward to conducting more research on the economic and environmental contributions that can be achieved through the generation of biofuel needed for loss-based industrial soil.
For his part, Yasser Makkawi, chief project researcher and professor of chemical engineering at the American University of Sharjah, said: “Sustainable management of industrial and food waste is one of the main challenges facing government efforts to reduce waste and carbon dioxide emissions, given the growing interest in environmental impacts and the adoption of very strict laws. For waste disposal, it is our duty to find highly efficient solutions to them and the project will contribute to enhancing the UAE’s capacity to manage industrial and food waste, without leading to significant environmental impacts, as was the case in past.”
Experts pointed out that at least 150 million tons of bauxite waste is produced each year globally, while only 2% of it is used for the production of other materials and it is possible to rely on bauxite waste to support plant life only if it is possible. treated because bauxite is one of the caustic materials, and the UAE imports large quantities of land products each year in order to rely on them in environmental conservation and agricultural activities.
The UAE produces about two million tonnes of food waste a year, and preliminary research has shown that 20% to 40% of it can be converted into biofuels and bioenergy products, which are low-carbon renewable energy sources and can rely on electricity generation. of fuel or EGA Diesel Bauxite Waste Research and Development is overseeing the development of many of the new uses it has launched, and more experimental research is expected to be conducted in the future.
It is worth mentioning that EGA has developed several processes of reuse for waste resulting from its industrial activities, including the operation of a new facility for the treatment and recycling of foundry waste, their reuse as alternative nutrients and fuels in production of cement in the UAE, and metal recycling. waste processed for aluminum extraction Emirates Global Aluminum intends to reuse all waste generated by its operations, thus reducing any waste sent to landfills.