If there were a fitting description that could summarize the childhood of the famous British writer Charles Dickens, he would surely find nothing more appropriate than a mixture of different amounts of peace and anxiety, material deprivation and wealth of knowledge, of humiliation and of humiliation. pride. Since writing is “memories that bear fruit in the dark,” as one thinker puts it, much of what Dickens wrote was, in the deepest truth, a reflection of what he went through in childhood and infancy, including hardships, trials. and experiences. . However, that reflection did not necessarily bear the mask of tragedy and black writing, but in many cases tended towards comedy and satirical portrayal of the characters, and other times towards the accurate and clever demarcation of the characters in crisis, as well as rapid changes. dramatic that witnessed the political, social and cultural history of his country, in that crucial and decisive era, since the nineteenth century. In a serious attempt to respond to the reason that drives millions of people to read Dickens’s works, English critic John Farris believes that Dickens’s writings have managed to deepen into the human psyche and reach the farthest point in it. These writings also monitored things we do not know about ourselves because they “show us the reason for who we are and reveal ourselves to ourselves without embellishment.”
Although Dickens’ love life was no less exciting, bizarre, and full of irony, the strict traditions of the Victorian era did not allow the author of “A Tale of Two Cities” to adequately reveal himself and his erotic impulses, or overcome in the Scriptures written about strict taboos imposed on bodily issues and sexual impulses, a dilemma not only faced by Dickens but also affected a group of writers of his time and female writers, such as Jane Austen, George Eliot , Thomas Hardy and others. In fact, Dickens, who, like other novelists, took refuge behind the heroes and heroines of his novels, where we find shadows of his personal biography and the real women of his life, in most of what he left from his deeds, did. not present but a little dirt of the miserable reality he lived and examined closely his flaws and dirt. But that did not stop his readers and biographers, such as Edgar Johnson, Fielding, Thomas Wright, and Jack Lindsey, from providing photographs and parts of his life that clearly identify us with his anxious personality, as well as his troubled relationship with his wife. Katerina and the other women of his life. As for the British critic George Wong, he worked on his book on Dickens to extrapolate the facts of his life from his narrative works and to define the relationship between the real and the imagination in the characters of these works.
It is enough to look at the upbringing of Dickens, born in Portsmouth in 1812, and the types of faces that formed the scene of his childhood, to understand the deep reason for his dissatisfaction with reality, as well as his difficult relationship with women and women. in general. His father, who worked as an employee in the Maritime Pensions Department, was characterized by carelessness and misuse of money that led him to prison, while his mother on her part was characterized by stupidity, bad behavior and appreciation. While his grandfather and grandmother worked in the service of wealthy homes and families, one of his uncles was forced to leave the country, as he was also prosecuted on various charges of theft and embezzlement. What doubled Dickens’s child’s pain at the time was that his father forced him to work in a shoe-painting shop and in a cracked building full of mice when he was no more than twelve years old. Most painful to him, however, was his mother’s embarrassing stay with his father, forcing him to work. Dickens recalled that miserable phase of his life in his famous novel “David Copperfield,” where David had to work in a very dirty “rat-run” workshop, accompanied by a group of perverted bastards, which pushed him to say: “There is no word that can sincerely express that hidden and terrible pain of drowning in the company of such people.”
Thankfully, this stifling and tragic situation did not last long, as Dickens’s father later enrolled him in Wellington Academy, to spend two years there, during which he enjoyed the taste of happiness and read many books, which he had to sold when they lacked. money. He later worked in a law firm and then as a journalistic investigator for seven years. Before starting to write his first two novels, “Pechowick” and “Oliver Twist”, he had acquired many stylistic skills that not only matured in the fire of epistemology and language, but also because of the harsh experiences of rich and varied life. ai grumbulloi.
On the emotional level, Dickens’s relationship with the women he knew was not entirely rosy, but always within it was that inner frustration caused by the writer’s excessive thirst for maternal tenderness and humility, which he received very little in his early adolescence. and late. Circumstances favored the teenage boy to have his first adventure with Maria Bidnell, the youngest daughter of a bank manager and the healthy and volatile girl whom Dickens had longed for for four years of longing and relentless setbacks. However, the disappointed writer did not hesitate to admit later that his horrible suffering with Marian, which was filled with the bitterness of rejection and emotional and physical deprivation before leaving him, was no less bitter than his suffering in the workshop of paint and that the most important lesson he learned from that experience is the secrecy of his feelings and the inadequacy in displaying them even in front of his children. Surprisingly, after twenty years of separation and after they both had many children, Maria herself would write a half-letter of apology to Dickens, offering him to restore the relationship and give herself another chance to test their feelings. old. But the writer’s relentless attempts to avenge his past were quickly shattered after they were met by the reality of the super obese woman filled with evil folly, as George Wong expressed in his book on Dickens.
Dickens was twenty-three years old when, in 1836, and exactly on his birthday, he met Catherine Bogart, the daughter of the editor-in-chief of the magazine in which he worked and who had many talents, including writing, cooking, and acting. Since they both liked each other, they got married a few months after that meeting. But the happiness that initially crowned their life together, when they appeared before the public as a harmonious couple, full of vitality and committed to staying up late and holding parties, soon gave way to dissatisfaction, boredom and accelerated withering. .
One of the reasons may be the departure of the woman, whom Dickens described at the height of his marriage as a wonderful travel companion, and who accompanied him on more than one of his trips abroad, to have children, where during a A decade and a half were registered ten full pregnancies and two abortions, is one of the reasons The main thing that pushed Dickens in a lasting disgust to her healthy and dependent body. But the birth of children was not the only reason that brought that relationship to its inevitable end after two decades, but it added to the disharmony in temperaments and temperaments, the negative effects of which reached the point where the writer accused his wife that she was mentally unbalanced. and that she was not qualified to be his wife and the mother of his children.
While writer Lucinda Huxley admits that most historians and biographers have sided with Dickens in his dispute with Catherine, painting for the latter the image of the complex and alcoholic woman, Lucinda, Catherine’s fifth granddaughter, vehemently denies the allegations against her grandmother. its unfair. return, he refuses to deal with the star writer with a Manichaean contradiction, so that he appears to some as a sinless angel, and a cursed devil to others, while he, like all human beings, is a mixture of both . Huxley believes that the most important reason for the breakup in the relationship is the widespread fame that fell upon her after marriage, a writer whose works Queen Victoria herself was given after reading. While Katerina was busy with pregnancy and childbirth, the eclipse phase began for his wife, who was committed to raising children and keeping the house. The frustrated woman who wrote a remarkable book on the art of cooking was not absent, except for the claim of some critics that Dickens himself was the one who wrote the aforementioned book, to complete the cycle of marginalization, grief, and disappointment around it. .
Despite all of the above, the turbulent affair that Dickens tied with young actress Elaine Ternan, eighteen years old, may have been the straw that broke the back of the relationship between Dickens and Catherine. Although Allen was not very handsome, as some writers of that era describe him, the first thing Dickens did after falling in love with her was to quickly get rid of Catherine, before buying her a private home and taking her for his girlfriend. . And if some have continued to say again that Dickens gave birth to a child his new mistress, these claims are disputed to this day. But it is confirmed that his passion for Eileen has surpassed his passion for any other woman, and the evidence for this is that he set her apart before death with all the money that his literary works gave him.
Finally, it should be noted that Charles Dickens made great efforts to remove from his biography everything related to his passion, as well as two shocking romantic adventures with his sisters-in-law, Mary and Georgina. Not only are such forbidden relationships considered incest and completely contradict the conservative ethics of the Victorian era, but at the same time they do not fit the image of the famous writer who troubled the poor and the popular classes. as well as human suffering and the victory of good over evil, the most important focus of his various literary writings and works. Perhaps it was those tensions and strained oscillations between options, which had gripped Dickens for many years, that caused him while in Dublin, his first blow in 1869 and then the second blow that led to his death a year later. , when he was not yet fifty-eight years old.his age. Perhaps the greatest embodiment of Dickens’s quest for the undefined, in love both in writing and in life, is his saying: “I am still learning that the most difficult and best experiences are those that have never been recorded in no earthly history, as they happen. every day. ” I prepared a cooking guide and did not find a suitable recipe for life