The pillow … the story of insomnia and apathy | Independent Arabic

In Gibran Khalil Gibran’s poem “The Processions”, from which Mrs. Fairouz sang a piece entitled “Give me the flute and sing”, the phrase “Did you lay the grass at night and wrap the space” is a continuation of the general meaning of the poem that seeks to treat life with conviction and indifference as long as we seek love, kindness, and peace. And in this sentence is what shows freedom, comfort and escape from worries, sleeping on the grass and sleeping under the stars and getting rid of pillows and beds, and thus houses and hiding in them.

This is what every person wants, who sleeps a third of his day, while in the remaining time tries to provide what helps him to spend the remaining two thirds. But without sleep or rest man will not be able to work towards his living life or goals greater than everyday life. Sleep, according to all sciences, today is a basic and important need to live longer and avoid many physical and psychological diseases, while the person suffering from insomnia and lack of sleep due to his work is exposed to all causes of illness, fatigue, collapse and death in the end.

The evolution of the pillow and our evolution

Sleep is an important component of life, and one of the most important components of sleep is the pillow. This is what has preoccupied so far artists, writers, writers and novelists, as well as scientists looking for the most comfortable sleeping pillow at a time when sleep has become difficult due to the many worries of life as well as addiction to watching TV and mobile phone screens in blue, which is the same color that causes addiction to vision, as well as preventing the eyes from reaching the drowsiness stage, which creates people who through the eyes look as if they suffer from lack of sleep . Insomnia is a disease of teenagers in the age of internet and social networks.

The pillow accompanied the people in their development, so they made it out of stone, grass, feathers and fabric until it reached what it is today, namely cotton bags filled with poultry and bird feathers, which were as soft as possible. and lighter to be, indicates the status of the pillow owner. It evolved from the stages of movement, migration and water and pasture search, to the stages of stability and stability, and the transition to a sustainable agricultural society, and then to the people of the industrial age and from there to the age of the internet. .

In all these times and eras people accompanied the pillow while they slept and here there is no place to show the benefits of sleep and the harms of its absence, but the importance of the pillow comes from the importance of sleep. Today the pillow accompanies a person in a special way. There are many who sleep only on their pillows that are accustomed to and carry with them wherever they go, as if it were a pet. On the other hand, the pillow has become an integral part of modern home decor and is no longer just for sleeping, but also to decorate living rooms and living rooms and to add beauty to the place through the design, colors, decorations and decoration of his. Global openness Differences between the pillows of global cultures were recognized. Pillows have become official games like pillow fights, which is taken from home entertainment in conflict with pillows, for which matches are played around the world, where winners and losers all receive a pillow as a gift and a cup in the shape of a pillow.

Through the ages

The pillow is of the type of invention for which a direct date cannot be determined, just as it is not possible to determine the date of the discovery of fire, for example, in ancient man. We can not know exactly when man put something he created for this purpose, but by observing animals closest to man. including people have developed the use of tools in their wooden and stone nests as cushions. As for pets at home today, the pillow with which cats or dogs sleep at home is part of this pet taming of these pets.

Large apes living in trees built sleeping platforms, including wooden pillows, nearly 25 million years ago. In studies conducted on chimpanzees that sleep from eight to nine hours a night using wooden and iron pillows, it was found that it gives monkeys the opportunity to escape hunting by nocturnal predators and not fall from trees during sleep. And these comfortable pillows even contributed to increased sleep hours for these monkeys, which means an expansion of the brain due to adequate sleep and a reduction in the sense of danger, and an increase in cognitive abilities of these higher animals. of which. the wise man evolved.

After the prehistoric period in which people left no notes, we know that the oldest recorded use of the pillow dates back to the civilizations of Mesopotamia, namely around 7000 BC, the first civilization to begin writing. In that civilization, pillows were only for the rich and as many pillows as a person had was an expression of his wealth.

In ancient Egypt, the use of the pillow was associated with the discovery of mummies during the Eleventh Dynasty, dating from 2055-1985 BC, and the ancient Egyptian pillows were wooden or stone headrests. It was placed under the head of the dead because the human head was considered the essence and center of life.

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Roman and Greek pillows were softer centuries later than Egyptian and Persian pillows. These pillows were filled with cane, feathers, and straw to make them softer and more comfortable, and all classes of Roman society were allowed to use the pillows when sleeping, lying down, or sitting down. In medieval Europe, believers used pillows in the church to kneel in prayer and place writings on them, and this custom is still in effect today.

For Muslims and Jews, a pillow is used on the prayer mat and is called “prostration” when the worshiper places his forehead on it while prostrating. It can be made from whatever the believer desires, whether of clay or cotton, as long as it performs its role in prostration before the Creator.

Chinese pillows were traditionally strong, though covered with a softer fabric. Throughout the Chinese dynasties, pillows were made of bamboo, jade, porcelain, wood and bronze. The use of ceramic pillows first appeared in the Sui Dynasty between 581 and 618, while mass production appeared in the Tang Dynasty between 618 and 907. And draw animals, people and plants on it. They were gradually phased out during the Ming and Qing dynasties between 1368 and 1911 with better materials for making pillows. But jade pillows are still used today, as it is believed that the energy of the fatigue stone is transmitted to the human brain, which is useful in treating headaches or depression and improving intelligence.

In Japan, geisha girls used small, sturdy pillows to hold their hair in place overnight. In India, traditional pillows are made from the soft fibers of the fruit of the Ceiba Pentandra tree. The leaves and bark of some trees were incorporated into most Indian pillows and are still so far away in popular areas and villages far from city centers.

In Europe, King Henry VIII forbade pillows to be used only by pregnant women and by the king himself, and Henry VIII is known for his special decisions in the centuries of European prosperity and a time of conquest and colonialism and the great wealth of a world across the oceans in the nineteenth century, and with the easing of the weight of the Industrial Revolution on workers, almost everyone in Europe and America has a pillow on which to rest their head after a hard day’s work.

modern pillows

In modern times, pillows can be described as fabric bags made from a variety of materials from linen and cotton to silk, velvet and satin, and filled with wool, cotton, feather or lightweight synthetic materials to make the pillow comfortable for the back when sitting or for the neck, head and shoulders when sleeping. One side can be opened with chains or buttons. Filling materials are selected on the basis of comfort, flexibility, thermal properties, cost, as well as medical and ethical reasons. Nowadays, the most common synthetic fillings are materials made from “polymer” fibers, such as “polyester” and low-cost sponge foam.

The function of the pillows today is to support the neck by providing an area in which the head is submerged for rest and a support area to keep the neck in line with the spine during sleep. The most advanced of these are medical pillows that help patients maintain a comfortable position after therapeutic, orthopedic and surgical procedures. There are travel cushions that provide neck support in a sitting position. Its “U” shape fits into the back of the neck and prevents the head from slipping into an uncomfortable and potentially harmful position during sleep. There are hollow circular pads in the middle, and they are used to relieve pressure in the tail area while you are sitting.

There are decorative pillows that have been used in the past by the rich and ruling classes and of course among the kings portrayed today in cinemas as they sit on sofas among many comfortable pillows and stretch their arms and legs over them to show comfort and grace. Today, in the modern era, these pillows are used to complete the decoration of home or office furniture, or medical clinics of all kinds, in art galleries and cozy hotels that celebrate their types of pillows in the list of services offered by customers Theirs. Young pillows are taking on ridiculous and ridiculous shapes or in the form of pets like bears, whales and little elephants and some children and the elderly do not sleep without embracing them. These pillows are called hug pillows in Japan and are intended to offer more psychological comfort. The intimate pillow is a large pillow with high back and arms. Sit up straight while you are on the bed or sofa or on the floor reading or watching TV.

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