The history of the Rococo dates back to the 1730s, and this art was born in Paris during a period when political life in France changed after the death of Louis XIV, the powerful king, who imposed his royal authority on the designs of palaces, making them. dark, dramatic and fancy. The Rococo style developed after him as a reaction to the strict restrictions of Baroque architecture, illustrated by famous buildings such as the Palace of Versailles and the king’s favorite French classical art, and his strict ideas about the nature of art.
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The Rococo appeared in Paris as part of a wider aesthetic movement, quickly adopted throughout France and later in Europe, particularly in Germany and Austria, and included interior design, decorative arts, painting, architecture, and sculpture.
The word Rococo is derived from the French word rocaille, which refers to the shell or irregular shell carved from the rock, used to decorate artificial caves, as was the origin of the name “Louis XV style”, whose reign coincided with the height of the ascent. of this style, as it was also called in some references the name “Late Baroque”.
Rococo is a feminine artistic style and the women of the Louis XV Palace are said to have contributed to its genesis and development, which created a strong presence of the classical female spirit, in an attempt to balance the strict artistic dominance that prevailed in the era of Louis XIV after an era characterized by rigor and focus on large masses and limited symmetry and other artistic visions imposed by the king, as the Rococo focused on small details, so he came cheerful and cheerful, showing the pleasures of life and her. exciting details.
In short, it is a mixture of romance, passion, sensuality, fantasy and alluring mystery, characterized by lightness, elegance and excessive use of natural, curved forms, with a lot of intimacy and luxurious and soft feminine touches, which create an atmosphere of comfort, beauty and intimacy.
Rococo is considered as one of the open decorative arts, it is complex with many multi-layered details and it surpasses the baroque in abundance and the amount of its spread in the interior spaces. With a delicate touch of pastel colors. Soft lines, rounded shapes, decorative fills and a free breaking of the rule of symmetry form the basis of this artistic style.
Rococo tends to choose his icons for mythological and exciting themes. There are many images of nymphs, historical figures and ancient deities, such as Cupid, the “god of love”, the son of the goddess Venus. For his use of angelic forms and typical East Asian icons such as the dragon, Chinese fan, shrine buildings, oriental landscapes, and musical instruments, all of these are not at all puritanical in character, as they tend to be more secular than Baroque icons.
The interior of the Rococo is airy and light, cheaper and farther from the limitations and solemnity of the baroque style of Louis XIV, but at the same time extremely rich and luxurious, everything around them is ornate, bright, elegant and delicate.
Rococo decorations are famous for their decorative motifs such as “fresh” frescoes, carved ornaments and spiral motifs, as well as the free use of several types of wood to varying degrees, whether painted or uncoated. To enhance the feeling of space and lightness, crystal chandeliers, gilded walls and stucco ornaments, as well as antique clocks, statues and antique crates are included.
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In terms of colors, they look luxurious in general with an extraordinary visual ease, as in this style they use light and soft color palettes combined with a touch of gold, light shades of pink, blue, green, purple, yellow, pink and cream gray. abundance. The materials are dominated by natural wood, elegant, refined and embroidered fabrics such as brocade, silk, satin and velvet, glass and crystal, metallic elements such as bronze and copper and natural and artificial gilding.
comfort and luxury
The furniture is cozy and luxurious. In the bedrooms we find a hand bed with carved beds, an elegant silk tent or a satin cover, an elegant table with a large mirror inside a large frame, in addition to soft armchairs, comfortable sofas. , elegant tables and spacious cupboards.
The living room also includes comfortable furniture, heavy curtains, a fantasy chandelier, themed paintings, a chimney with shelves filled with porcelain figurines, vases, jewelry boxes and more. The interiors of the Hotel de Soubise in the French capital, Paris, are one of the best examples of the Rococo style, as the hotel includes former princes’ living units with oval lounges, characterized by carved gilded details, painted ceilings and special chandeliers. as well as the Charlottenburg palace.Constructed as a summer residence for the first queen of Russia, Sophie Charlotte, it is one of the most famous and largest palaces of the German capital Berlin, and a living example of German Rococo.
Finally, rococo is not just an interior style, it is a way of life. Those who love life and know how to enjoy it will attract beauty, mystery, luxury, elegance, ingenuity, ambition, soft colors, round shapes and comfortable furniture designed to achieve a stunning look and a vibrant life and pleasant.