Arabs and the world – The monkey line is spreading in Europe … and global health is sounding the alarm

Australia, the Americas, Italy and Sweden have become the latest countries to report cases of the rare viral “monkey pox” virus.

This comes after Britain, Spain and Portugal have already announced their treatment of the blast.

And the World Health Organization called for a strong tracking of contacts of infected cases.

The aphid spread to central and western Africa, mostly near tropical rainforests, and is considered an endemic disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it was first discovered in humans in the 1970s.

It refers to the possibility of transmitting the disease from one person to another through the air, close physical contact, or sharing contaminated clothing or objects.

Australia records recent injuries

Australian authorities said they had discovered a possible case of monkey pox in a traveler who had recently returned from Europe and that tests were being carried out to confirm it.

On Friday, the New South Wales Department of Health reported that a man in his forties fell ill a few days after arriving in Sydney and had symptoms clinically compatible with the monkey line.

And she added in a statement that the husband and one of his relatives were subject to home isolation.

Cases of appendicitis have been reported in several countries in recent weeks, including Europe and the United States.

Kerry Chant, the state health chief, said health officials have taken steps to identify and treat any possible case of monkey pox.

“Humans can get the monkey line through close contact with people infected with the virus and the infection is usually mild and most people recover within a few weeks,” Chant said in a statement.

WHO Diagnosis

The World Health Organization said on its website that the monkey pox virus is transmitted to humans from a range of wildlife, but its spread at the secondary level is limited through transmission from one person to another.

She stated that monkey pox is a rare disease that occurs mainly in remote areas of central and western Africa near tropical rainforests.

She added that there is no treatment or vaccine available to fight the disease, although previous vaccination against aphids has also been shown to be very effective in preventing aphids.

The aphid was first discovered in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (known as Zaire at the time) in a 9-year-old boy living in an area where the aphid became extinct in 1968.

Most cases have been reported since then in rural areas of the rainforests of the Congo Basin and West Africa, particularly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it was considered endemic, where a major outbreak occurred in 1996 and 1997.

In the fall of 2003, confirmed cases of monkey pox were reported in the central western region of the United States, indicating that it was the first reported case of the disease outside the African continent, and it was found that most patients were infected. with him. had had close contact with prairie dogs. .

In 2005, an aphid outbreak occurred in Unity State, Sudan, and sporadic cases were reported in other parts of Africa. In 2009, an awareness campaign among refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the Republic of the Congo identified and confirmed two cases of smallpox, while 26 cases and two deaths were involved in another outbreak of the disease in the Central African Republic between mid-August. and October 1, 2016.

disease transmission

Infection with the disease results from indicative cases of direct contact with the blood of infected animals, their body fluids, skin lesions or their mucous fluids. Cases of infection caused by the treatment of infected monkeys, giants, have been documented in Africa. gamete rats or squirrels, given that rodents are the main reservoir of the virus. . It is possible that eating unripe meat from infected animals may be a risk factor associated with the disease.

Secondary or person-to-person transmission of the disease may result from intimate contact with the secretions of an infected person’s respiratory tract or from his skin lesions, or from contact with objects that have recently been contaminated with the patient’s fluids. or causing pests. substances.

The disease is transmitted mainly through respiratory particles in the form of spots that usually require long periods of face-to-face contact, exposing family members of active cases to a high risk of infection. The disease can also be transmitted through vaccination or through the placenta (congenital apes), and there is still no evidence that apes can be passed on to humans simply by being transmitted from one person to another.

Recent animal studies in the study of the pattern of transmission of monkey pox from cut dogs to humans identified two different phases of viruses – the Congo Basin virus and the West African virus phase – the first phase was more potent.

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