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The Abu Dhabi Center for Public Health, affiliated with the Department of Health – Abu Dhabi, called on health facilities operating in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi to investigate aphid disease and report any suspected, potential or confirmed case through electronic reporting of infectious diseases. systems.
In a statement via Instagram, the center stated that, based on the center’s follow-up to the global situation, it notes to all health facilities operating in the Emirates the need to investigate aphid disease and the need to report any potential suspects . or a case confirmed through the electronic disease reporting system, as part of its measures aimed at combating communicable diseases and limiting their spread, for the protection of society and the preservation of public health.
Several countries around the world have reported cases of monkey pox, the symptoms of which are fever, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, and redness on the hands and face.
On Thursday evening, the United States and Canada recorded the first cases of the disease in humans, as the Canadian Public Health Agency said in a statement yesterday, “The province of Quebec has reported a positive monkey pox examination result of two confirmed specimens. taken from the National Laboratory of Microbiology and the Montreal Regional Department of Public Health also spoke of the presence of 17 suspected cases.
According to the World Health Organization, monkey pox virus is transmitted to humans by a variety of wildlife, but its secondary spread is limited by transmission from one person to another and is a rare disease that occurs mainly in remote areas of Central and western Africa near tropical rainforest, nor There is no treatment or vaccine available to fight the disease, although previous vaccination against smallpox has also been shown to be very effective in preventing monkeypox.
The International Organization shows that monkey pox is a rare viral and zoonotic disease (the virus is transmitted from animals to humans) and that the symptoms of human infection are similar to those seen in the past by smallpox patients, but are less severe. and although the smallpox became extinct in 1980, the smallpox of monkeys It still occurs sporadically in some parts of Africa, and the smallpox virus belongs to the genus of smallpox virus of the smallpox virus family.among monkeys.
According to WHO data, the leprosy of monkeys was first discovered in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) in a 9-year-old boy who lived in an area where the leprosy disappeared in 1968. Since then, most cases have been reported in the rural rainforest areas of the Congo Basin and West Africa, particularly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it was thought to be endemic, where a major outbreak occurred in 1996 and 1997.
In the fall of 2003, confirmed cases of monkey pox were reported in the central western region of the United States, indicating that it was the first reported case of the disease outside Africa, and it was found that most infected patients had had contact with domestic dogs of prey.
In 2005, an aphid outbreak occurred in Unity State, Sudan, and sporadic cases were reported in other parts of Africa. In 2009, an awareness campaign among refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the Republic of the Congo identified and confirmed two cases of smallpox, while 26 cases and two deaths were involved in another outbreak of the disease in the Central African Republic between mid-August. and October, October 2016.
Infection with the disease results from indicative cases of direct contact with the blood of infected animals, their body fluids, skin lesions or their mucous fluids. In Africa, cases of infection caused by treatment of monkeys, giant Gambian mice or squirrels infected with this disease, given that rodents are the main reservoir of the virus. . It is possible that eating unripe meat from infected animals may be a risk factor associated with the disease.
Transmission of the disease at a secondary level or from one person to another may result from intimate contact with the secretions of an infected person’s respiratory tract or from his skin lesions, or from contact with objects that have recently been contaminated with fluids. patient or. substances that cause pests, and the disease is transmitted mainly through respiratory particles that are those points that usually require long periods of face-to-face contact, putting family members in active cases at high risk of infection. The disease can also be transmitted through vaccination or through the placenta (congenital apes), and there is still no evidence that apes can be passed on to humans simply by being transmitted from one person to another.
Recent animal studies examining the pattern of transmission of monkey pox from cut dogs to humans identified two different stages of the virus – the Congo Basin virus and the West African stage – with the first stage being the most virulent.
The incubation period for monkey pox (the period between infection and the onset of symptoms) varies from 6 to 16 days, but can range from 5 to 21 days.
The stage of infection can be divided into two periods, the period of invasion (0 days and 5 days), characterized by fever, severe headache, enlarged lymph nodes, pain in the back and muscles, severe weakness (loss of energy) and redness period. (within one day) and 3 days after the temperature), in which the various stages of the appearance of redness crystallize, which most often start on the face and then spread to other parts of the body. The rash is most severe on the face (in 95% of cases) and on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet (75%). In about 10 days, the rash develops from macular papules (flat-based lesions) to blisters (small fluid-filled blisters) and pustules, followed by crusts which can take up to three weeks to disappear completely. .
The number of lesions varies from a few to several thousand, and they affect the oral mucosa (in 70% of cases), the genitals (30%) and the conjunctiva of the eye (20%), as well as the cornea (eyeball) lymph nodes before the appearance of rash, the feature that distinguishes monkey line from other similar diseases.
Monkey pox is usually a self-limiting disease and symptoms last from 14 to 21 days, and severe cases of monkeys are more common in children, depending on the extent of exposure to the virus, the patient’s state of health, and the severity of the disease. complications. resulting from it.
The monkey line can be definitively diagnosed only in the laboratory, where the virus infection can be diagnosed by a series of different tests: enzyme analysis, antigen detection test, polymerase chain reaction analysis, isolation of the virus by cell culture.
There are no specific medications or vaccines available to fight monkeypox infection, but outbreaks can be controlled. In the past, smallpox vaccination has been shown to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox, but this vaccine is no longer available to the general public as vaccination with it was discontinued following the eradication of smallpox from the world. However, pre-vaccination against smallpox is likely to lead to an easier progression of the disease.
In Africa, monkey pox infection has been found to be transmitted by many species of animals, such as striped squirrels, tree squirrels, gambian rats, striped rats, dormitories, and predators. Doubts remain about the natural history of monkey pox virus and more studies are needed to pinpoint its reservoir and how it survives in the wild.
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