Wednesday 18 May 2022
Librat – Muhamed Obaid:
Today, May 18, Cairo International Airport celebrated the 54th anniversary of its opening, which dates back to the same day in 1963. On the trip, before entering the era of the open skies.
The real beginnings of the airport date back to 1942 and during World War II, when the US Air Force in cooperation with the British Army set up a military airport 5 kilometers from Almaza airport, to serve the coalition forces. participants. war, and the airport was named “Paine Field Airport” referring to the name of the first American pilot killed in the battles of World War II.
The airport included two runways, an air control tower, 4 hangars and many buildings, which made it very large compared to the standards prevailing at the airports of that time, and on April 22, 1945, the Egyptian Civil Aviation Authority was established. as it was a small administration.It belongs to the Ministry of War.
After the end of the war and on December 15, 1946, the airport administration moved with all other Egyptian airports to the Egyptian side as it was under British administration. The Egyptian Civil Aviation Authority began preparing an international civilian airport to accommodate the largest number . of passengers arriving or departing from Egyptian territory, the travel and arrival halls were expanded and Almaza Airport was designated for domestic flights.
Farouk I Airport
In 1946, the name of the airport was changed from “Paine Field” Airport to “Farouk I Airport”, and after the July Revolution, the name was changed again from “Farouk I Airport” to “Cairo Air Port”, and in 1955 several studies to build a new building For passengers instead of the old building, in order to keep pace with the growing traffic and to choose the location of the new building between the two main runways.
opening of the airport
President Gamal Abdel Nasser opened experimentally for Terminal 1 on March 18, 1963, and its design and implementation took almost 8 years until it actually opened on May 18, 1963, and the building continued to operate at high efficiency until the number of passengers in 1970 reached to 1,268 million. For this increase in the number of arrivals in Egypt, the passenger terminal “Access No. 2 ”and in 1977 and two years later the“ 2 Safar ”terminal was established.
revival in the eighties
In the eighties, Cairo Airport witnessed a significant boom in capacity, following the establishment of Passenger Terminal no.
In 1986 Terminal 2 was opened with a capacity of 3 million passengers. This airport was mainly divided into European, Gulf and Far East airlines. In 2000, for the first time since the airport was established, the number of passengers reached 8.943 million. , an increase of 22.3% compared to 1980.
In 2004 a contract was signed for the implementation of Terminal 3, the largest project in the field of Cairo Airport expansion, as the need to increase the capacity of the airport became urgent as the large number of passengers increased every year. of passengers reached 10,218 million, an increase of 14.2% compared to 2000 and the International Arrival Hall no. 3 was opened, which belongs to Terminal no. the atmosphere of authentic Arab hospitality in the halls of Ahlan, while the travel procedures are performed without any difficulty.
In 2008, a global celebration was held, attended by senior statesmen, public figures, stars of art, sports and society, to announce the start of the trial operation of Terminal 3, and in 2009 the current operation of Terminal 3 took place. for EgyptAir and other airlines that are members of the global Star Alliance.In the same year a new airport runway was opened.
Best Airport 2006
In 2006, after the increase in the level of aviation services at Cairo Airport, and the number of frequented passengers reached 10.778 million passengers, an increase of 20.5% compared to 2000, Cairo Airport won the title of air port on good in Africa.
On May 14, 2009, the Cairo Air Port Company started operating thermal cameras that measure the temperature of arriving passengers passing through the entrance gates to arrival halls 1, 2, 3 in Terminal no. 1 and the arrival hall at Terminal no. 2, except the arrival hall in Terminal no. 3, this measure comes within the framework of a series of precautionary measures taken by the airport quarantine authorities to cope with the infiltration of dangerous diseases and epidemics in Egypt.
Due to the recovery of travel and arrival traffic and its intense intensity in some periods of the year and not in others, such as the Hajj and Umrah season, the seasonal flight building was opened in 2011 to split it to served pilgrims in travel and access to EgyptAir Flights to and from Jeddah and Medina to relieve pressure on lounge no. 1, of which, EgyptAir Hajj and Umrah flights took off, along with other companies, and the development of Terminal 1 reception areas.
Garage and automated train
In 2012 a multi-storey garage with a capacity of 3700 cars was opened and the automated train project was opened to connect all passenger terminals to the airport in record time, facilitating travel and transit and setting up a fire station.