Hemorrhagic fever terrifies Iraq and fears an epidemic wave

The Iraqi Ministry of Health announced a new statistic on the total number of human infections with hemorrhagic fever. At a joint conference of the Ministries of Health and Agriculture held on Tuesday, May 10, 2022, the spokesman of the Ministry of Health, Saif Al-Badr, announced the official statistics of the disease, which have been determined by the National Center for Prevention. and Communicable Disease Control.

Al-Badr confirmed at the conference that there were 55 confirmed injuries across Iraq, distributed as follows: 29 injuries in Dhi Qar, 5 in Muthanna, 4 in Babil, 3 in Diwaniyah, Wasit, Karbala and Mejsan, and one in Rusafa. Baghdad, Kirkuk, Nineveh and Basra and Najaf. The Ministry of Health has announced the recovery of the injured in Nineveh, while the number of deaths from this disease has reached 12, which is among the injured warned. Governor Muthanna, as was part of the two governors of Babel Kirkuk, has one death.

slaughter without distinction

The phenomenon of indiscriminate slaughter is widespread in the regions of Iraq, about which the Ministry of Health has repeatedly warned, as the spokesman of the Ministry of Health clarified that this environment is a suitable environment for the aggravation of cases of hemorrhagic fever and other diseases. , calling on the Municipality of Baghdad to be more serious in pursuing these violations as they are in the duties of the Secretariat and he stressed that the siege of hemorrhagic fever requires the coordinated efforts of all relevant ministries, which is agriculture, which has the responsibility. to fight the tick that transmits the disease, as well as the Ministry of Interior to track the movement of animals from one government to another and to ensure the safety of animals moving in accordance with health procedures.

Livestock is safe

In a statement to “The Independent Arabia”, the spokesman of the Ministry of Agriculture, Hamid Al-Nayef, explained that the Ministry of Agriculture has mobilized all its veterinary equipment to limit the spread of ticks, saying: “With the announcement of the case “The first infection in Dhi Qar on March 28, the animals were immersed, cleaned and sterilized with special materials. It is a routine procedure performed by the Ministry every spring at the time of the spread of the disease.” Al-Nayef pointed out that the Ministry of Agriculture is soothing to the animal wealth in Iraq, emphasizing that this disease will end soon. Licensed and careful to cook meat well at high temperature.

early detection

Hemorrhagic fever infections were concentrated in animal breeders and meat sellers, as contact with infected animals is the basis for disease transmission.

Ministry of Health spokesman Saif Al-Badr told The Independent that the Epidemiological Monitoring Division of the National Center for the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases, which is tasked with tracking infectious diseases such as hemorrhagic, viral fever. hepatitis, ether and cholera, has seen a relative increase in the pattern of temperature sickness during this year.Hemorrhagic fever Although hemorrhagic fever is one of the endemic diseases in Iraq, but this year there has been an increase in the pattern. infection in a different way from previous years.

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Al-Badr claimed that early detection of the disease would contribute to limiting its spread, stressing that tired treatment protocols in Iraq for the early stages of the disease make the rate of recovery high.

endemic diseases

Professor of Bacteriology Abdul-Jabbar Nasser Al-Shammari explained that hemorrhagic fever is one of the endemic diseases in Iraq. The first real and laboratory discovery of the disease was made in 1979 and led to the death of a doctor, a nurse. and an employee at Yarmouk Hospital after being exposed to infected blood by the Governor of Diyala, then the disease appears occasionally. Al-Shammari explained that the reasons for the spread of the disease are due to the negligence of the areas of swamps and surrounding agricultural fields, which witnessed the first infections, as happened earlier in 2018, when the forest areas of Mosul were neglected. who recorded cases of hemorrhagic fever at the time. Al-Shammari believes that it is necessary to start immunizing animals with vaccines against fleas and pests that cause animal diseases in the agricultural environment. Areas and areas of spread should be sprayed with hot water and environmentally friendly insecticides and the need to prevent the transfer of livestock outside the affected regions and this will prevent disease exacerbation.

Hemorrhagic fever is similar to other diseases

Al-Shammari explains the characteristics of hemorrhagic fever and its similarity to other viruses, saying: “Hemorrhagic fever, Crimean fever or Congo fever are all names for a group of viruses that share similar symptoms and signs, namely bleeding. from the openings of the human body leading to his death. Denge fever and Ebola fever are part of this group. ” Lassa fever, Marburg fever and yellow fever.

Symptoms of hemorrhagic fever include fever, fatigue or weakness, dizziness, muscle and joint pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. When the symptoms develop and become more severe, they turn into bleeding under the skin, in the internal organs or from the mouth. , eyes or ears.

Hemorrhagic fever is transmitted by contact with farm animals such as cows and sheep, as well as by insects, mosquitoes and ticks found in animal pens. Viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever live in many animals and insects and often include mosquitoes, ticks, rodents or bats. Some types of hemorrhagic fever are transmitted through mosquito or tick bites, and others are transmitted through contact with infected body fluids.

Prevention is the solution

Al-Shammari points out that there is no cure for viral hemorrhagic fever, but there are vaccines for some of them, so prevention remains the best way to avoid disease and treatment depends largely on supportive care and there is no specific treatment for most types of Hemorrhagic fever and antiviral medications can help shorten the course of some. In some cases, it is necessary to provide the patient with supportive care to prevent dehydration, as he must take fluids to maintain the balance of minerals necessary for the body. .

Among other important preventive measures, although contact with meat taken from infected animals causes disease, but the virus dies if cooked well because the heat kills the virus and it is necessary to use sterilization, especially chlorine when wiping surfaces, it is enough to eliminate the virus and the most important thing remains to avoid contact with infected animals or its products.

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