Yemen ceasefire in a month .. what has been achieved and what has not been achieved

Yemen / Abdullah Ahmad / Anadoll

A two-month ceasefire has been established in Yemen since the evening of April 2, which can be renewed with the consent of the warring parties.

In early April, the United Nations envoy to Yemen, Hans Grundberg, announced that the parties to the crisis had agreed on a ceasefire.

The announcement of the ceasefire coincided with Yemeni consultations organized by the Saudi capital, Riyadh, under the auspices of the Gulf Cooperation Council, and boycotted by the Yemeni group Houthi.

At the end of the consultations, namely on April 7, the then President of Yemen Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi issued a presidential decree from Riyadh, handing over his full powers to a presidential steering council chaired by Rashad Al-Alimi and the membership of seven deputies.

The current ceasefire is the first since 2014 at the level of Yemen, which has witnessed a war for more than seven years, one of which is pro-government forces, backed by an Arab military coalition led by neighboring Saudi Arabia. .

These forces have been fighting against the Iranian-backed Houthi militia, which has controlled governments, including the capital, Sanaa (north), since September 2014.

The ceasefire was widely welcomed regionally and internationally as an opportunity to achieve peace and end human suffering.

In the following, Anadolu Agency monitors the most prominent provisions of the ceasefire agreement and what has been achieved and what has not been achieved between them:

Ceasefire clauses

According to Grundberg, the most prominent provisions of the ceasefire are: The cessation of all military, air, land and naval operations, inside Yemen and beyond its borders.

Inside Yemen, he refers to battles between government forces and the Houthi group, while beyond its borders, he refers to coalition airstrikes and the Houthi bombing of Saudi Arabia with ballistic missiles and drones.

The ceasefire also includes allowing fuel ships to enter the ports of Hodeidah (west), which are controlled by Houthis, and operating commercial flights to and from Sanaa Airport, with two flights a week, one to Egypt and the other to Jordan. .

He also included the meeting, under the auspices of Grundberg, to discuss paving the way for the city of Taiz (southwest), which has been besieged by the Houthis since 2015, in addition to other governments.

Grundberg said the declared purpose of the ceasefire is to give Yemenis a break from the violence they desperately need in light of their humanitarian suffering.

As for UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, he went further, expressing hope that the ceasefire would allow the launch of a political process for a lasting peace in Yemen.

According to the Anatolia Monitor, there have been reciprocal allegations of violations to stop fighting, Sanaa airport flights have not resumed and Taiz roads have not been reopened, while Hodeidah ports have taken fuel boats with a dispute over its revenue.

The Yemeni military recently accused the Houthi group of violating the ceasefire agreement and committing 68 violations last Saturday on various fronts, in addition to 126 violations last Thursday and Friday, in addition to sending intensive military reinforcements, with airstrikes continuous reconnaissance marches.

And government forces reported that they had monitored 2,473 violations committed by the group in the first month of the ceasefire, including shootings, infiltration attempts, rocket and drone bombardment, and the creation of sites and the digging of trenches. During the month, the military announced several times that Houthi drones had crashed in Marib.

While the group accused the coalition and government forces of committing 5,365 violations of the ceasefire agreement within a month of its entry into force, including offensive operations, infiltration attempts, airstrikes, warplanes and espionage flights, missile targets and artillery and extensive. combing with different bullets.

He also blamed the coalition for stopping and delaying the arrival of oil tankers and preventing flights to and from Sana’a International Airport.

While the Houthi group announced on Saturday that 5 of its members had been killed in battles with the Yemeni army, the latter confirmed on Friday that 40 people had been killed and wounded by the Houthi fire in Taiz since the beginning of the ceasefire, including 11 civilians. , including women and children, in a drone strike.

stop fighting

Since the start of the ceasefire, the Yemeni military and Houthi have exchanged accusations of its day-to-day violations on many fronts.

And military-related media published a daily monitoring of violations committed by the Houthis on various combat fronts.

On May 5, a member of the Presidential Council, Tariq Saleh, accused Houthi of violating the ceasefire, and at the same time said the council supports his confirmation in order to achieve a comprehensive ceasefire.

According to the latest military report, Houthi committed 341 offenses in the five days between April 30 and May 4, in governments including Taiz (southwest), Marib (center), Hajjah (northwest) and Al Jawf (in veri).

Among those violations: offensive operations and attempts to infiltrate army positions, sniper fire, launching missiles and drones into residential areas and military facilities of Yemen and Saudi Arabia, in addition to allegations of mobilization and the creation of fortifications, according to the report.

At dawn on the first day of Eid al-Fitr, on the second day of this May, the army and the People’s Resistance repulsed an attack by the Houthis on the western front of Ma’rib.

Four days later, the military announced the killing and wounding of 40 soldiers and civilians by the Houthi fire in Taiz since the beginning of the ceasefire.

On the other hand, the Houthi group accused the Arab coalition of working to undermine the ceasefire, which it describes as “fragile”.

The group’s spokesman, Muhammad Abd al-Salam, said the coalition launched an airstrike on the second day of Eid in the Haradh neighborhood of Hajjah.

The day before, the Houthis accused the coalition of violating the ceasefire by monitoring the flight of spy planes west of Marib.

Ports of Hodeidah

In early May, Yemen’s Information Minister Muammar Al-Eryani accused the Houthis of rejecting their commitment to oil revenues coming from the port of Hodeidah, which has taken fuel-powered ships that from the beginning of the ceasefire.

Al-Eryani said the government, for its part, was committed to granting the necessary permits to enter two ships a week, subject to the terms of the ceasefire.

The government wants the Houthi group to use the oil revenues coming from Hodeidah to cover the salaries of state administrative staff in the group’s control areas.

And on Sunday, Yemeni Foreign Minister Ahmed bin Mubarak said the Houthi group harvested 90 billion rials (a dollar valued at one thousand rials) from petroleum products during the ceasefire period, accusing it of “evading the obligation to “Employees’ salaries have been paid, and in return the government has committed itself to facilitating the entry of fuel ships.” By agreement and serially.

Sanaa Airports

At the end of the first month of the ceasefire, the launch of the first commercial flight from Sanaa Airport, which was scheduled to transport dozens of patients and passengers to the Jordanian capital, Amman, under the ceasefire agreement, failed.

Huthi and the government exchanged accusations that they were responsible for the travel delay, in light of a dispute over the passports of citizens living in Houthi-controlled areas.

The government announced that it had sent a letter to Grundberg containing proposals (which it did not specify) to resolve the issue, as it requested that passports be issued by the provinces under its control.

The government accused the Houthis of insisting on including passengers on the list of flights that did not have valid passports.

Meanwhile, the Houthi group called on the international community to take a binding decision to open Sanaa Airport, which has been closed to commercial flights for six years.

Grundberg announced that he continues to work with all parties to establish a ceasefire and resolve problems, in connection with the failure to open Sanaa airport and start the search for the lifting of the siege in Taiz.

Siege of Taiz

The government accuses Houthi of obstructing the opening of all crossings and lifting the siege it has imposed on the Taiz government for seven years, despite the passage of more than a month since the ceasefire.

The government said it had approached Grundberg’s office on April 7 with the names of the government team interested in opening the Taiz streets in order to start a discussion about it, but the Houthis refuse any discussion or appoint their representatives to Committee. .

Political parties in Taiz said, in a statement a few days ago, that their besieged province “has been deceived by the ceasefire”.

The parties denounced the position of the United Nations and its silence on the bombing of the governor by the Houthi during the ceasefire and the days of Eid al-Fitr, which led to casualties, considering this position “an open prejudice against the Houthi group”.

Prisoner file

In a move seen by the Arab coalition as a gesture of goodwill, he decided in late April to release 163 Houthi prisoners and transport them to the provisional capital of Aden (south) in three phases, to then transfer them to Sanaa.

Coalition spokesman Turki Al-Maliki said the move provides support for efforts to establish a ceasefire, establish peace and end the Yemeni crisis, as well as facilitate the completion of the prisoner and detainee dossier.

However, the head of the Huthi Prisoners Affairs Committee, Abdul Qader Al-Murtada, said: “We will not wait for the prisoners and those who have been released are not among our prisoners and are not known to us. “.

He added that his group had informed the International Committee of the Red Cross that it was not concerned about the released prisoners.

What happened was seen by observers as an additional complication to the file of prisoners and detainees, which is at the top of the files of human suffering caused by the war in Yemen.

The war, by the end of 2021, claimed the lives of 377,000 people, cost Yemen’s economy $ 126 billion in losses and left one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world, according to the United Nations.

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