The terrorist fraternity faces an “existential threat” in light of successive security attacks by the Egyptian side inside and the restrictions that have reached the point of drowning the organization from outside.
This coincides with the political changes that have taken place in the regional scene, with the Turkish-Egyptian rapprochement and the reconciliation of the Gulf, in addition to self-destruction due to divisions within the ranks of the group, which is also facing the drying up of funding. resources in Europe.
In an effort to get back on stage, the Brotherhood sought new sources of funding and military support, trying to open channels of communication with the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in order to establish relationships through which they would act as an Iranian wing. in the region, in exchange for receiving financial and logistical support from Tehran, according to What has been revealed by sources in Turkey.
Since the end of last year, the Brotherhood has faced an organizational crisis that has been described as “most violent” since its founding in 1928. For the first time, a group party announces the dismissal of its leader or representative. his from his position, in addition to the fact that this crisis comes in the ranks of the group known as the “Iron Bloc” that dominates, he controls the group’s investments and manages its relations with the bodies of western countries.
The group is witnessing a fierce fighting, which recently resulted in the presence of two roadmaps, one of them in Istanbul, Mustafa Tolba, as the head of an administrative committee acting as roadmap (linked to the Mahmoud Hussein Front, former Secretary General of the group) and second in the British capital, London, Ibrahim Munir, unlike the office front.He announced the formation of an independent leadership with media means separated from the other two fronts.
Those disagreements that the group is experiencing have pushed the conflicting fronts to reveal many of the secrets, in the context of thwarting each other’s plans.
Returning to the group’s efforts to open lines of communication with the Revolutionary Guard, which is classified as terrorist in many countries, sources in Turkey who spoke to Al-Ain News, on condition of anonymity, said Turkish authorities had recently arrested a Muslim Brotherhood leader before traveling to Iran, in a move that raises speculation about its timing and objectives.
Sources said that the leader of the terrorist organization, Reda Fahmy, the head of the National Security and Defense Committee in the Egyptian Shura Council, who disbanded in 2013 after the fall of the group’s rule, was arrested before traveling to Tehran.
Fahmy, because of his parliamentary position, was linked to the Brotherhood’s opening to the Tehran regime, which culminated at the time with a rare visit by an Iranian president to Cairo.
In February 2013, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited the Brotherhood-ruled Egyptian capital, about four months before the June 30 revolution that toppled the group.
The secrecy surrounding the arrest of the Brotherhood leader and the investigations that took place with him in Ankara raise speculation as to the reasons for his visit to Tehran.
A dissident member of the group said that Turkish authorities, in their attempt to lure Cairo back, took measures against the group’s activity on its soil, but it is not customary for this to include restrictions on the movement of its members abroad.
The former group member believes the visit may have raised suspicions among Turkish authorities about the organisation’s efforts to open a line of communication with Tehran and the Revolutionary Guard to obtain funding sources and platforms as Turkey narrowed the Brotherhood’s operations.
According to sources who spoke to Al-Ain News, after Fahmy was denied travel, he was detained and interrogated by one of the Turkish security services and remained in custody and interrogation for about two weeks before coming. . is released and banned from traveling.
The Fahmy Brotherhood leader was closely linked to the co-ordination dossier with Hamas in Palestine ahead of the January 25 demonstrations in Egypt, which provided him with links to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards because of its ties to Tehran.
In light of the many regional variables, the Brotherhood has lost regional support, whether from the Maghreb, particularly Tunisia, and Doha’s support on the eve of Gulf reconciliation, and its activity in Turkey has become fraught with many red lines in light of Ankara’s efforts. to normalize relations with Egypt.
In addition to funding crises and the lack of incubation facilities, even in European countries, the group’s activity is already viewed with suspicion, especially in Germany and France, the terrorist organization is facing a sharp and vertical split, as the group split in two. the main blocs, the first led by Ibrahim Munir, the acting guide, and the second led by Mahmud Hussein in Istanbul.
Both leaderships are seeking to win over the most radical elements in Egypt, in light of a general feeling among members of the social pariah group, dissatisfaction with the policies that led to the Brotherhood ousting power, and the way in which foreign leaders deal with the crisis the group is facing.
Fahmy is among the leaders linked to the “Brotherhood General Office in Egypt”, which is a more extremist front that seeks to resurrect the path of violence in the wake of the security crackdown suffered by “Hasm” and “Liwa al”. -Thawra ”, which led to the elimination of their activities in Egypt.
The group’s efforts to establish lines of communication with Iran do not look modern if the American website “The Intercept” discovered in 2019, a secret telegram received among hundreds of leaked Iranian intelligence documents showing elements of the “Quds Force” of the Revolutionary Guard , held a secret meeting with members of the organization “Brotherhood” in April 2014 in a Turkish hotel in search of common ground and cooperation between them.
Contrary to what was revealed by the American position, sources who spoke to Al-Ain News said that Beirut was a witness in 2019 in a meeting attended by the late commander of the Quds Force Qassem Soleimani with one of the leaders of the Brotherhood associated with Muhammad Kamal (Brotherhood leader responsible for the formation of the Brotherhood armed organizations and who was killed in confrontations with the Egyptian police in western Cairo), during which the Brotherhood sought their support with money and weapons.
The same sources indicated that it had been agreed to train the Brotherhood members in Iran, before the project was completely stopped, after the Iranian side informed the Brotherhood leadership, which contacted them at the time to monitor the meeting by international parties, in a way that could embarrass Iran.
The Brotherhood is historically linked to the Iranian regime, as ties between the revolutionary clerics in Iran and the Brotherhood date back to before the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979, after Mojtaba Merlouhi, nicknamed “Nawab Safavi”, who formed the first armed militant group. in Iran, named Sayed Kutb was named “Fdajin e Islam” in 1954, during his visit to Egypt.
Sayyid Qutb’s ideology also contributed greatly to the formulation of the revolutionary discourse against the Shah of Iran, and Khomeini was strongly influenced by Sayyid Qutb’s ideas, he – before taking power – translated two of Qutb’s books and shortly after taking power in Iran. issued a postage stamp with the image of Qutb.
As soon as the Shah’s ouster was announced, Brotherhood delegations from various Arab countries rushed to Paris to congratulate Khomeini. evidence of absolute faith in the relationship between the Brotherhood and the regime of the Iranian revolution.