The World Health Organization has defined adolescents as people aged 10 to 19 and adolescence represents one of the critical transitions in a child’s life.
The World Health Organization says that 1 in 6 people in the world is a teenager, which means that there are 1.2 billion teenagers.
A report released by the organization on November 17 states that adolescence is a critical period for developing and maintaining social and emotional habits important to psychological well-being.
These include adopting healthy sleep patterns, exercising regularly, developing coping skills, problem solving and interpersonal skills, and learning to manage emotions.
The organization considers that supportive environments within the family, school, and the wider community are also important in maintaining adolescent mental health.
It is estimated that 10-20% of adolescents worldwide suffer from mental health problems, but the level of diagnosis and treatment of these disorders is still low.
The report says that among the factors that can contribute to stress during adolescence are the desire for greater independence, the pressure to adapt to peers, exploring gender identity, and increasing access to and use of technology.
According to the report, violence, including the treatment and harassment of parents, as well as social and economic problems are known mental health risks.
Among the most prominent crises that adolescents face are emotional and behavioral problems and problems related to eating.
Emotional disorders usually appear during adolescence. In addition to depression or anxiety, teens with emotional distress may also feel irritated, frustrated, or angry.
Younger adolescents may also develop symptoms of a physical nature for psychological reasons, such as stomach aches, headaches, or nausea.
The WHO also considers behavioral disorders in children to be the second leading cause of disease burden in young adolescents aged 10–14 years and the eleventh leading cause among older adolescents aged 15–19 years.
Eating disorders usually appear during adolescence and young adulthood, and they affect women more than men.
Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and overeating disorder are characterized by harmful eating behaviors such as calorie restriction or overeating.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) says teens at this stage feel like they are already adults, but in reality, they are still children.
With hormonal changes and so many things happening in their body, it can be difficult for them to handle many situations properly.
She adds that teenagers at this stage are going through a very critical phase of their lives, they need parents and teachers to nurture and care for them and give them a sense of belonging, but they will never ask for it.
If teens feel that their parents and teachers are not supportive, constantly criticizing, constantly punishing, and judging their every move without a real dialogue, they will feel left out in their homes and schools.
UNICEF also notes that among the factors that influence adolescent behavior are:
First: the changes that occur in their body with puberty, as physical and hormonal changes can cause a teenager to form a distorted image of his body and hormonal changes cause severe mood swings.
Second: their need to prove that they are adults and that they need to be independent, which can make them rebel against the rules.
Third: things that happen at home such as brotherly jealousy, family conflicts, coping with financial difficulties for which the teenager is known, etc.
Fourth: things that happen at school such as study loads, bullying, rejection or expulsion by friends or classmates, etc.
Fifth: The inability to express their fears and concerns for fear of being judged, criticized or punished.
Sixth: Lack of adequate sleep or healthy eating.
UNICEF notes the need for parents to take several steps, the most prominent of which is choosing the right moment to talk to their children, showing interest in what they are saying and avoiding interrupting them until they are done. the conversation.
Parents should also avoid judgment and lecture if they say they have done something wrong, as this may prevent them from telling their parents.
In your opinion, what are the most prominent adolescent crises?
How do you see parents coping with these crises?
How did the problems of adolescence affect your personality?
Did you suffer as parents with your children during their adolescence?
What are the best ways to safely overcome adolescent crises?
We will discuss these and other topics with you in one episode Friday 26 November.
He also discusses the BBC Extra programadolescence issues In a special podcast series entitled “my adolescence” Prepared by Mrs. Baqy and present Kwah cream. Can be heard through: https://www.bbc.com/arabic/podcasts/p0b3xdrj
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