Parallel lines and intersections between Riyadh and Amman

Jordanian-Saudi relations have always been hostage to “personal moods” and have always been ruled by a historical legacy of extreme tension, care and suspicion.

Historically, there have been many intersections that united the Hashemite and Saudi thrones, but the general context between them was in the form of two lines running parallel and meeting only a few on some historical occasions.

I will not go into a long historical narrative on the relationship between Amman and Riyadh, but the vision between the two countries is almost actually similar to two parallel lines that are moving towards the same goal, and are not met, and each has its peculiarity in its relations with the affairs of the region, especially the Palestinian issue, in which Jordan lived a nightmare that took over a full American administration, that is He walks in a minefield, avoiding the ambushes raised by the agreement of the century and the architect her, the spoiled son-in-law of President Trump, Jared Kushner. (Kushner was also a spoiled guest in Riyadh some time ago to fund his major multi-purpose development project).

The aftermath of the deal ended with the ouster of the Trump administration, then the ouster of Netanyahu and a slight shift of Israeli right from the religious right to the national right, and the paths of peace returned to the suspended state in the “two-state solution”. ”! A solution that does not find its logic in reality on the ground.

In Jordan, the critical mass has been lifted from Aman’s chest, but fears remain to be shaken by Jordanian King’s policy maneuvers launched with a landmark visit to Washington last summer, during which heavy shadows of what was called the issue of “rebellion” had to be overcome. An atmosphere of “regional” reconciliation with Saudi Arabia is on Biden’s table, praising the historic reform movement led “in fact” by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, a proposal that surprised Americans themselves, according to what I heard last summer. passed from sources in Washington.

In general, in relations with Saudi Arabia, he cares about the statements of the Hussein Palace, which is the culmination of Jordanian political decision-making, and serious efforts to avoid what affects the tightrope between Riyadh and Amman.

It can be said with confidence – from what we have read and heard in the Jordanian capital in recent months – that the priority of the king and his political staff is to maintain a relationship that is capable of positive development that is far greater than that. . is currently, and to seek for intersection spaces that Jordan sees as abundantly available through joint regional cooperation that neither owns nor dominates.

The problem – according to our regional readings as well – lies in the vision angles of the priorities between Riyadh and Amman, and perhaps between Riyadh and the rest of the region’s capitals, which creates misunderstandings in which those who resist change or those who want to take advantage of potential regional conflicts, and regional understandings based on development projects are a great common prey The first condition for achieving real and serious understanding in which “exclusive” right-wing visions can not exist condition necessarily includes Israel.

Saudite ..

What is happening inside Saudi Arabia is impressive, even among those staying in the trenches of Saudi hostility. The whispering speech I heard clearly in private sessions always reflected admiration for the difficult turn that King Salman’s “era” reached, and the retreat behind the Juhayman stage, which has produced a disturbing and disturbing case of extremism and bigotry that is easily exportable.

The Saudis I contacted, media people, intellectuals and artists, all assured me that what they dreamed of “whether in secret” is being achieved today in an unprecedented “openness” atmosphere that places extremist clerics in their natural places and can deepen them. think they are partners in power.

This “illusory” partnership did not come out of nowhere. The political authority contributed to its creation twice, once in the mid-eighteenth century and through the alliance of the founder of the first Saudi state with the most radical Salafist imams, Sheikh Mohammed. Abd al-Wahab, and the subsequent expansion of this alliance with all the followers of Shaykh Salaf and his successors. was appalled by the growing presence of Wahhabi extremist “brothers” and preferred to ally with them, and the price was heavy on the state itself for many years.

The Gulf War “ninety” was a difficult test for the political-religious alliance in Saudi Arabia and from that stage of thinking it was a necessary necessity to come out of an equation that can not be achieved between a country that seeks real development in the language of the era and with the greatest skills in the world, and a Salafist religious extremist current that wants to go back to the seventh century AD and carries an “international” project to turn the entire planet into that century with all the “ancestors of his good “. “

During the reign of King Salman bin Abdulaziz, the state was able to achieve many of its modern conditions and according to the sources with whom I communicated in Saudi Arabia, many of them assured me that it was the King himself who paved the way for this. the radical vision of “reform” and gave wide areas of movement to his crown prince Mohammed bin Salman to implement it.

(It is very interesting that one of those close to the Crown Prince in his reform program and his executive arm in breaking all the taboos of “Salafism” is the descendant of the “Sheikh” family, Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab himself, and here we mean Turkey Al-Sheikh, the controversial figure that comes from the belly of the stranger with no history A true professional to become a title of thanksgiving in most TV entertainment productions.

However, in the face of a radical and difficult case of reform that the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia is achieving with all his might, there is a regional vision for him that was clearly reflected in his proclaimed project, “Vision 2030”. who does. not to hide his intentions or details through a website I visited and asked me many questions, most of which were present on how to achieve this “truly advanced” vision without cooperating with the entire regional neighborhood, cooperation that has no basis in hegemony or control and is not based on the dreams of “one-sided leadership”?

Vision 2030 is a very ambitious program and according to the facts from inside Saudi Arabia, the vision has begun to realize many achievements within Saudi geography, “which has been crippled in development for many years ago.”

But the realization of this vision also requires a departure from the boundaries of geography in the sectors of transport, tourism, investment and business, and it is surprising that the vision is identified with the rest of the visions of the countries of the region, which found in cooperation common in the fields of development a solid alliance based on renewable interests in a renewed world.

This question was most prevalent in the Saudi Crown Prince’s most exciting interview for Atlantic magazine, which was published in early March – last March, in which the prince, “the most controversial of his personality”, was rushing straight shores of confrontation without hesitation. These are open confrontations on many, many fronts and are in line with the policies of the rest of the countries in the region, which makes “regional” cooperation a vital necessity for the Crown Prince himself in his wars against extremism. populism, exclusion and dark forces.

I do not hide my confusion about the personality of the Saudi crown prince, who in his meeting with the Atlantic presented a very interesting and extraordinary point of view, but this ambitious vision can not be achieved without a joint regional cooperation based on equality and not in dominance. and control, and the rules of the Ritz-Carlton Hotel cannot be applied in the countries of the region.This recipe does not always work.

Leave a Comment