Unveiling of a photo album documenting the last Palestinian tigers in the Hebron Desert

Nazareth – “Al Quds Al Arabi”: Photographs documenting the life of tigers in the Hebron Desert have been unearthed, which disappeared four years ago as a result of Israeli attacks and snagging, especially in the Dead Sea area . . An Israeli photographer specializing in nature scenes said he found in his library in Jeddah a rare photo album documenting Arab tigers in the Ein Gedi area in the Hebron desert and blamed Israeli authorities for their extinction, despite their absence. Amatsia Shohat, the director of the Israeli Nature Reserve, Ein Gedi, who controlled large areas of the Hebron Desert, died four years ago. He is one of the last scholars to see his Arabian tigers. He had given such historical names to Zionists and Romans. as “Shlumtzion” and “Horodos” and documented them with photographs. Two days ago, his nephew Ron Tzur unveiled a photo album left by his grandfather and said he did not know the latter documented the tigers in many photos, though he told stories about them. He explained that he had found a photo album with his grandmother, who lives in the Ein Gedi settlement, opposite the Dead Sea, and was surprised by photos of a number of tigers in the Hebron desert before they disappeared. He added, “My grandfather was optimistic all the time about the survival of Arab tigers and their escape from extinction as a result of the siege by urban development at the expense of their residential areas, but in recent years he realized they were leaving. for extinction ”. Tzur criticizes the Israeli nature conservation authorities for their failure to protect the tigers from being trapped around them by building roads, buildings and other things, which led to their extermination, contrary to the Zionist narrative’s claims of development and nature care. Tzur, who works as a nature photographer, also criticizes nature conservation authorities for failing to protect large vultures that have lived for centuries in the Hebron and Negev deserts. He discovers that the settlement of Ein Gedi was approaching the tigers on the pretext that they posed a danger to its inhabitants, ignoring the fact that the few remaining tigers in the country deserved protection.

It is worth noting that signs inside the Ein Gedi area warn climbers of the presence of tigers in the area, as is the case with signs very close to the site warning of drowning in the waters of the Dead Sea, which is now surrounded by sand due to drought. Which leads to a sea level drop of one meter per year due to desertification and pumping water from the Jordan River and nearby springs by Israeli parties using water for agriculture. The guide and nature researcher Mansour Abu Qarn from the Negev desert explains to Al-Quds Al-Arabi that the Arab tigers in the Hebron desert numbered in the tens in the 1980s and they disappeared from Palestine for several reasons, including wires. electricity. besieged the settlement of Ein Gedi and arrested some of their wives and deposited them in zoos and while eating, others were poisoned with food, and others were killed.Only 200-250 of this faction remained in the world, most of whom are present today in Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman. He points out that the Arabian leopard that lived in Palestine is a desert, its size is smaller than other subgroups of tigers in Africa and Asia, but it is a predator.
In 1993, Amatsia Shohat wrote: “In the Ein Gedi Reserve, there is a permanent group of tigers, which is the largest in the country, and therefore its importance, but it is small and is facing the threat of extinction. There are three tigers and two tigers, each of 14 years old, one of whom had no more children to reach the age of puberty and the second is still giving birth. She had previously given birth to five young tigers in 1987 and 1989, and they all died. after being swallowed by a male tiger, who is not her biological father, so that she does not compete with the big puppies and that the mother tiger remains Need to get pregnant.
Abu Qarn explains that Arab tigers were trying to survive by slaughtering dogs and cats in and around the Ein Gedi settlement, which led to their hostility from its inhabitants, suggesting that the lack of female tigers led to the extinction of this rare species in . Vendi. He also confirms that the color of the Arabian tiger is very light compared to the rest of the tiger breeds, which is characterized by a pronounced yellow color between the dark spots that fill his body. mating. An adult female weighs 20 kg, and an adult male weighs 30 kg.

The last tiger in Galilee

It is worth noting that a shepherd from the small Palestinian village of Arab al-Aramshe on the border with southern Lebanon killed the last tiger in Galilee in May 1965, according to city residents and his family, who confirm that he fought the tiger until he killed it. with the knife he had, but lost several fingers during the fight, explaining that after the incident an Israeli Police patrol arrived and took a picture with the dead tiger. Ali, the son of Abdullah Qasim Mahamid, explains that his father worked as a simple and humble shepherd and after the tiger incident, he turned into a legendary hero and was named “Abu al-Nimr”. Ali Abdullah believes the last tiger was moving between southern Lebanon and Galilee, not caring for borders that were not protected by a high fence, as part of his quest for life and survival. goat to support his family of six members. The day before the incident, he lost the goat leading the herd and had a bell attached to his neck, so he went out to look for it until he found the bell under a tree and it was clear to him that a tiger had eaten it. The next day my seventeen year old brother Muhammad accompanied his father to help him, suddenly the dogs barked, the brother realized what had happened, ran after the dogs shouting to the father that he had found the tiger. So my dad urged him to leave. It soon turned out that the tiger was big and heavy, so my father threw a stone at him, but he turned towards him and fought and they started rolling from the mountain to Arab al-Aramshe. border area. The tiger hit my dad on the knees and forehead and they rolled about 70 feet as dad tried to run away. My father realized, as he told me, that he had to be killed, put his hand towards the tiger’s mouth and stabbed him in the other hand, then my father fled, while my brother went to the Israeli border guards. Point to Ya’ra settlement to call for help. An officer named Amos Eldad arrived, who in his testimony at the time said: When we arrived, he was the Shepherd was lying with blood on his feet. We did not know the exact location Next to him we saw a killed tiger, but he was still moving, so a bullet was fired at the head. Next to the tiger I found a knife. I did not understand how the shepherd could kill the tiger with a small knife. The injured shepherd was taken to Galilee Hospital in the nearby city of Nahariya. Researchers suggested that the great tiger lived in the area between Upper Galilee and the Litany River in Lebanon and was looking for prey, and that it was the last tiger in the region and since then the valley became known as the Tiger Valley. while Abdullah Qasim Mahamid became a true hero nicknamed Abu Al-Nimr. Since that incident, the story of the shepherd from Arab al-Aramshe with the tiger has been included in the curriculum. Ali revealed that he was still storing photos of the tiger after his death after receiving it from an Israeli photojournalist named Yehuda Ariel and that he continued to search for the Israeli officer who came to the site and informed him of the identity of another officer who took his father’s knife and this in turn responded to his request and found the knife after 20 years, which ignited again a state of emotion inside the house. “Abu Nimr” died about 40 years ago, but the story of the shepherd and the tiger refuses to die to this day, and “visitors still come to town and ask someone to tell them by ear, and some of them almost do “Do not believe it, and some of them are confused whether it is a true story or a fantasy, especially when they see how it is.” “The little knife my father used to hit a big, dangerous tiger.”

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