The project includes the rehabilitation, rehabilitation and restoration of 130 historic mosques in different regions of the Kingdom. The project also completed the development and rehabilitation of all mosques in the first phase of the project, which numbered 30 historic mosques across the Kingdom, at a cost of 50 million rials, under the direction and prosecution of Prince Muhammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz, Prince of Crown, Vice President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Defense, in the framework of the directive for the development and rehabilitation of 130 historic mosques in several stages.
Prince Mohammed bin Salman led the implementation of projects for the development and rehabilitation of historic mosques during the first phase by Saudi companies specializing in heritage buildings and with expertise in their field, with the importance of involving Saudi engineers to ensure the preservation of authentic identity urban of each mosque since its inception, which was carried out through the Emaar Program Historic Mosques in the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage in partnership with the Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Calls and Guidance, the Ministry of Culture and the Saudi Society for the Preservation of Heritage.
Air conditioning, lighting and acoustics
“Mohammed bin Salman’s project for the development of historic mosques” took into account the smallest details to return the mosques to their original design with local heritage materials and to add new necessary elements such as dividing the church for women, providing services for people with disabilities. and the development of service facilities such as air conditioning, lighting and acoustics and their implementation in a manner consistent with the identity of the Historic Mosques. The age of historic mosques within the first phase varies between 1432 and 60 years, spread across the regions of the Kingdom. A beacon like the Sheikh Abu Bakr Mosque, which was founded more than 300 years ago in Al-Ahsa province.
With the beginning of the month of Jumada al-Ula for the year 1441 AH, a number of mosques in the first phase began to accept worshipers as they had been separated from each other before the restoration period for a period of more than 40 years. start a new phase for these mosques to become a historical religious symbol that would preserve the religious heritage and Islamic architecture and revive the heritage of the villages and the center of the historic cities.
Support for historic mosques comes, according to a press release, due to their religious status and their originality in urban design and building materials in line with the geographical and climatic nature and building materials in different regions of the Kingdom.
Preservation of the architectural features of the mosque
The project ensures the preservation of historic mosques, highlighting the urban features in their design and taking advantage of them in the development of modern mosque design, especially since most of the design elements of historic mosques are in line with the trend towards sustainability and greenery. architecture, and the preservation and development of historic mosques contribute primarily to highlighting the cultural dimension of Saudi Arabia, on which it focuses. Vision 2030.
The project “Development of Mohammed bin Salman Historical Mosques” increases interest in developing villages and heritage towns and downtown historic cities in Saudi Arabia, and rehabilitating those mosques for worship and prayer after they were abandoned in previous years after Arabia The Saudis experienced a rapid pace. urban development over the last four decades Its effects are the tendency towards the construction of modern mosques, the neglect of most historic mosques, even their demolition in some cases, and the construction of new mosques in their place, or the abandonment of historic mosques and the transition to other modern ones. mosques, which led to the extinction of many of them, as many of them are located in heritage villages, most of them are deserted, in addition to the emphasis on restoring their architectural originality, according to the data of their geographical location.
Documenting the historical dimensions of each mosque
The restoration work began with conducting studies and documenting the historical and architectural dimensions of each mosque, and reviewing all the challenges surrounding mosques in terms of facilities and services that should be available and the extent to which each mosque serves the environment. in which it is located. located, as well as preserving the architectural style that characterizes each region of Saudi Arabia, which relies on Some of them are built of stone, others with mud and the use of local wood, which is characteristic of each region. In parallel, the process of development and rehabilitation preserved the architectural character of the mosques in terms of stucco decorations, heritage ceilings and mosque courtyards, which were the meeting place of the villagers in their cases, the reception of their guests and the consultation on arrival. social solidarity and dispute resolution, while tending to revive the sections that were always distinguished from the old mosques as “Separation”, a term meaning a chapel placed under the floor of the mosque or at its end at a certain height for use in cold weather during prayer, in addition to guarding places for receiving guests passing near the mosque, as well as traditional mosque facilities and wells.