Al-Maqlooba .. The story of a Palestinian chef who terrorized the Israelis | with evergreen

Hanadi Al-Halawani: When you cook upside down, you put the spices of firmness and consistency and cook it in order to force the invader and convey the voice of the exile around the world. Overthrow is not a goal but a tool.

Occupied Jerusalem – The inherited folk tale says that the people of Jerusalem honored the leader Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi after the conquest of Jerusalem and gave him a popular dish called “Eggplant” consisting of vegetables and eggplant.

Palestinian heritage researcher Hamza Al-Aqrabawi reports the story, telling Al-Jazeera Net that there is no evidence to deny or confirm it, and it is not known exactly when it first appeared, but it was confirmed among stakeholders and researchers. in food that it is an old dish, as evidenced by the reference of historical sources during the Umayyad and Abbasid eras for the presence of rice In the dishes of Jerusalem and the Levant, it is the main ingredient for macluba.

Al-Maqlooba has become the most prominent table for those who go to Al-Aqsa in Ramadan because of the double symbols (Al-Jazeera)

In the beginning it was the eggplant

Maqlouba is a well-known Palestinian main dish, along with maftoul, musahan and mansaf, and consists of chicken, rice, cauliflower or eggplant, while its ingredients vary according to regional and individual taste. Sometimes chicken is replaced with lamb or beef and potatoes are added to carrots or tomatoes and other times green beans, chickpeas and vermicelli.

“In the beginning it was the eggplant, then the Palestinian added to it what he liked from the ingredients of his garden,” says Al-Aqrabawi, pointing out that before the rice, the macaroon contained bulgur or freekeh. As it is, the bowl of rice. Barak (square) with text.

In addition to the upside-down fame during the days of gathering and meeting in Jerusalem, it was the most common dish on the Ramadan tables of the fasting people in the Al-Aqsa Mosque, where their photos and the photos of the tables of the internees by Al. -The Aksa Mosque dominated, which are located at its gates.

Why was it overthrown and how did the Palestinians use it as a weapon against the occupation of Jerusalem?

Maqluba is an easy dish to prepare, delicious in taste, rich in ingredients and beautiful in appearance. Its ingredients are mixed harmoniously in a pot (pot), and its cooks mix its heart into a flat plate (Sider tray) where its ingredients do not stick to the bottom of the pot and a unit takes the shape of a pot with grains.Gold cedar gives shine and beauty and delicacy add fried almonds or pine nuts.

The researcher sees the symbolism of inversion in what is a dish eaten only by a group, around which the family gathers, evoking its heritage and popular culinary customs, in addition to giving it a historical dimension and linking it to liberation. . of Jerusalem and its conquest of Ayyubid, and he adds that these symbols are used by the Palestinians in the second holiest Islamic sites, through the saint’s foothold in the Palestinian religious popularity mentality.

Palestine_Al-Quds_Juman Abu Arafa_Private Al-Jazeera Net_The eater of stuffed grape leaves (squash) and stuffed zucchini sits next to the inverted view (heart) and its symbolism at the heart of invasive decisions (1)
The eaters of stuffed grape leaves and zucchini sit next to the inverted side of the (heart) appearance and its symbolism at the center of the decisions of the invasion (Al-Jazeera)

Double inverted symbolism

Therefore, the act of cooking, eating, or rolling the macula, in Jerusalem and in the Al-Aqsa Mosque, had dual symbolic meanings, and this was felt by Hanadi Al-Halawani, expelled from Quds, who was famous – along with her female companions in exile, especially Khadija Khweis – for preparing and rolling the maklub at the gates of Al-Aqsa after being expelled from it and specifically in the Mujahideen route near Bab al-Asbat and Hatta, where the occupation continues. to expel them every year during the month of Ramadan since 2015, as they continue to pray and feed the worshipers for the fasters inside and outside Al-Aqsa to this day.

Al-Halawani told Al-Jazeera Net that the occupation expelled him for the first time in Ramadan of 1436 AH (approximately in 2015 AD), so she insisted on fulfilling her plan, bringing the pot upside down and t ‘led the fasters to Al-Aqsa. Mosque.

Hundreds of pans upside down were chased by Hanadi and her comrades, who were deported during the 7 years of deportation, and Al-Halwani discovered that the overturned pot was called the “worry of victory” in Jerusalem and is “a name.” according to her name ”.

Palestine_Al-Quds_Juman Abu Arafa_Private Al-Jazeera Net_Cooks the overturned weekly of Al-Aqsa Mosque in Ramadan to feed fasting and remind them of their cause
Palestinian women expelled from Al-Aqsa Mosque cook Maqluba every week in Ramadan to feed fasters and remember their cause (Al-Jazeera)

Rabat creatively

“We bond creatively upside down, in Jerusalem we can not have weapons against the invaders, so we invented other weapons, and when you cook upside down you put the spices of consistency and durability and cook it. with the intention of praising the invader and conveying the voice of the exiles around the world. “The overthrow is not an end but a means.”

Expelled Khadija Khweis told Al-Jazeera Net Al-Maqluba’s most prominent intentions, which are to break the fast of the fasting people, to mobilize the people in Al-Aqsa and to highlight an aesthetic image in it, especially for those who are out. Palestine, and restore the pioneering role of Al-Aqsa, which is not limited to prayer or the Holy Qur’an, but to social activities that do not conflict with the sanctity of the mosque. The continents crossed and the invader questioned his contributors to the intelligence chambers. How did the “overthrow” turn into a quality weapon in Jerusalem?

Palestine_Al-Quds_Juman Abu Arafa_Private Al-Jazeera Net_Archive Photo by Khadija Khweis (right) and Hanadi Al-Halawani at the heart upside down on the doorstep of Al-Aqsa
Khadija Khweis (right) and Hanadi Al-Halawani during the overthrow of Maqluba on the threshold of Al-Aqsa (Al-Jazeera – Archive)

Appropriately named

Khweis added: “We chose the plate with macula and grape leaves (varicose) because of the look of the heart, which can be easily turned compared to other plates and is to turn the table over the head of the enemy.” Paradoxically, the occupation prevented us several times from bringing the inverted boil to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, considering it a form of support for Rabat and the Almoravids.

The two deportees from Al-Aqsa conclude that Makluba’s heart was not limited to the month of Ramadan, but extended it to degrading fasting mornings such as Monday and Thursday and several other religious occasions. One of the places they visited .

Leave a Comment