Morocco tends to ease restrictions on women issuing documents for their children even without the consent of the father. This issue has created a crisis for years, especially for divorced women, as the dispute between the husbands causes some problems related to the consequences of not issuing documents to children and even preventing them from traveling.
“Umm Malak” tells about the suffering of her daughter with her ex-husband, who refused to get a passport for his daughter. The foster mother intended to take the daughter to live with him abroad, but the father began to blackmail her. financially to give his consent, asking $ 5,000 to allow his daughter to travel with her mother.
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Justice and Development Party MP Thawria Afif raised the issue with Moroccan Interior Minister Abdelouafi Lafti during a session of the House of Representatives, explaining that a number of Moroccan mothers living abroad, especially divorced ones, suffer from difficulty in preparing official identification documents for their children, such as identity card and national passport, whether in Morocco or abroad, due to parents’ refusal to issue these documents to their children. She was interested in the measures that the Ministry intends to take to correct them.
Representative Afif said: “Many lawyers have proven the inconsistency of fathers in licensing foster mothers to prepare these documents, not in vain, but only as revenge against the divorced mother, amid a complete lack of opinion in the interest of children who are not guilty of any offense “, adding,” As a result, children are deprived of the completion of study or travel with their mother and they are deprived of some rights granted by these identification documents, for example, the issuance or renewal of a passport is a prerequisite for renovating the residence abroad and performing other services, as well as maintaining the connection with the home country.
Afif saw “a necessity in maintaining the unity and unity of the family so as not to lose the future of the children, even when the parents are destined to divorce, the children should not be used as a means of pressure or revenge and the parents should provide everything. supporting documents for their children, far from the type of relationship they bind after divorce, and in the absence of mutual understanding and consent, the state must provide a legal basis by which the best rights and interests of children are not lost. ”
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For his part, the Moroccan Minister of Interior affirmed the work of the ministry to resolve this crisis, thus easing the administrative rules so that the foster mother can issue administrative documents to her children, explaining that “the approval of the father will be implied, except in cases where the father of the minor the child requests to the court a decision that hinders the mother. ” This passport is realized without his consent and in case of disagreement between the parents, recourse to the justice authorities is required. He stressed that “pending the development of the legal framework, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will allow its consular agencies the opportunity to give the divorced mother with custody the right to request and withdraw the passports of her children, in the absence of the father. and can not be contacted “, explaining that the performance of this procedure is in the interest of minor children, especially the issuance or renewal of a passport is a prerequisite for the renewal of residence in the diaspora home and of other services, such as maintaining the connection with the motherland.
Women’s rights advocates agree that the leadership of the Ministry of Interior is very important, as it will solve a crisis that has taken the lives of many children. Khadija Rabah, a women’s rights activist, said: “The move is very important, given that a number of Moroccan women suffer from weak legal frameworks for legal custody of their children, in light of the presence of very complex manifestations. , as the foster mother faces complications if she only wants to change school.For her children or the issuance of administrative documents, even in banking transactions, she has no right to issue her children’s financial deposits, even though she may have contributed for years. to extract that account from her money.
Rabah points out that “despite the importance of the step, the problem lies in the fact that the reform is only partial and only the comprehensive reform of the family code is able to lay the foundations for true equality”, noting that “the women Movement in Morocco since years has shed light on such problems. ” she said.
For his part, Driss Sedraoui, National President of the Moroccan League for Citizenship and Human Rights, explained that “responding to this request is an urgent necessity, especially as we receive many complaints in which children’s rights to study are violated and “health in this case. of a conflict between two parties, as some fathers refuse to give their wives some evidence.” We also emphasize in this regard that the Family Code, in its comprehensiveness, should open an in-depth national discussion to change it. to align it with Morocco’s international commitments in the field of human rights in general and the rights of women and children in particular.to overcome some problems and achieve different demands as part of their reform.