The economic problem in Algeria and the global imperative

Recently, a book entitled “Algeria, the Economic Problem and the Global Imperative” was published in French by former Minister Ammar Tou, with the theme “Click Publications”, which consists of an introduction, eight chapters and a conclusion on 639 page.

According to the book’s introduction, Algerian President Houari Boumediene, who died on December 27, 1978, was able, in less than 12 years, to provide Algeria with a solid industrial base based on about 70 public economic institutions running industrial complexes. big. sizes, in light of insufficient financial and human resources.

He was also able to create a textile of various light industries based on more than 100 medium-sized factories, which covered all the known industrial branches at that time, distributed in most of the countries of the country that were in that time.

These factories faced difficulties in their operation, so they were sold at low prices or led to the suspension of their activity in various ways, systematically, under excessive accusations of deep inadequacy in design, achievement and management. , without motive. , hiding vague, improvised or dictated elections following the death of President Houari Boumediene, beginning in 1979.

However, repeated economic blockades were forcing decision-makers to resort, incidentally, to these factories at the level of discourse or as a political lifeline dictated by circumstances, while continuing to dismantle these factories using the same systematic methods that began immediately after death. of President Houari Boumediene.

The boumedinean vision and discourse, who did not yet have enough time to reach their sum, were offset by miserable economic alternatives that began to invent ways to break the model of industrialization, which had reached an important point but without the ability to present an alternative. pattern that was clearer, more determined, and more reassuring to the horizon.

Fortunately, the national security imperative, after the dramatic ordeal of the 1990s, canceled all accounts of luxury salons and shunned the primitive “economy” to get the resources needed to take care of them gradually but resolutely.

However, the relatively modest level of raw national income and its dysfunctional structure constitute the biggest obstacle in the face of the will to move quickly and in parallel towards the well-being of the population and permanent support for national security at its highest level.

Through this effort, Minister Ammar Too aspires to contain these questions without compromising, in return, the ability to find all the desired solutions to them, even if he seeks with great conviction to try to propose elements of solutions in the most trust weak. , because the perpetuation of the national security imperative in its broadest sense Indeed, it can only be achieved in the context of a broadly diverse, high and ever-growing economy, which has always been raised as a slogan that does not has been achieved, and the ambition of this attempt is not intended to replace the efforts made by other wills in this field, but rather to contribute to it, as he put it.

Topics of interest in the eight chapters of the book

In relation to the axes of interest in the eight chapters of the book, the author dealt, in the first chapter, with theories and strategies of development, as well as with some typical experiences in the field of economic and industrial policies.

In the second chapter, he presented the situation of the industry in Algeria in 1966, ie on the eve of the planning era, so that after that we can better measure the achievements of the next phase, before presenting an assessment of the election achievements in the fields of production, integration and employment, which are limited to the planning era (1967-1977), in Chapter III.

Regarding the fourth chapter, he studied the achievements in the field of production financing and in the field of financial benefit of public institutions and in the field of inflation and its consequences on investments during the same planning period. In it, we also study the reserves and mistakes made during the application of the chosen development model between 1967 and 1977, especially in relation to capital, organization, application tools in the field of management and export prospects.

In the fifth chapter, the author addresses deviations and systematic abortion starting from 1979, for the chosen model of development that was imposed on Algeria between 1980 and 1998, a catastrophic rotation that was the cause of the collapse of the economy, industry and the country. social policy, which will be reflected in depth throughout Algeria between 1980 and 2021, which will continue until After that, despite efforts to promote the national economy since 1999, for which there are conflicting assessments.

While the sixth chapter the author devoted to the unsustainable and unsustainable efforts adopted to reform the industrial policy applied since 1999 and which was scheduled to continue during the five-year plan (2015-2019) within an approach that does not distinguish between assembly and industry, hesitant and conflicted, sacrificing strategically programmed integration in favor of a “living economic activity.” In support of a private sector without ambition, unlike the ambition adopted by planning during the 1970s and perpetuated by the social market economy.

In this chapter, the former minister is particularly concerned with the vision, the foundations, the objectives, the organization and the means of achievement: the deliberate industrial redistribution, the extraordinary and unprecedented great effort spent in the field of infrastructure development. and supporting a social policy that raises many contradictory controversies.

He also dealt with the study, as well as contested ideological barriers or “dukmatiyas” in the field of investment in the public commercial sector and in the field of public-private partnership and national partnership and partnership between Algerian and foreign institutions and in the field of foreign direct investment and methods of financing and financing with external debt in circumstances deeply affected The fall in oil prices and the rationalization of expenditures and austerity measures, not to mention the role of the competing institution.

Also, in this chapter, he paid special attention to the conflict of agendas, as it seems that success is not on Algeria’s side in a circumstance characterized by permanent financial shortcomings, despite occasional improvements in oil prices against the needs of countries. , which, on the contrary, are constantly growing under a distant demographic pressure, According to him.

In the seventh chapter, the author addressed very contradictory questions regarding the position that Algeria has the right to occupy in the medium and long term in the industrial vision of the regional economy and the global economy, given the multipolar pains that will affect young women. economic groups and other developing countries and other countries. In other words, does the concept of non-alignment still coexist with Algeria’s economic demands at the level of its great military and economic ambitions?

With regard to the eighth and final chapters, the author discussed the threats against Algeria in the face of hostile geopolitics and competitive geostrategies that impose on Algeria a complex, high-priced proactive strategy that takes into account its security and economic imperatives, which also enables mandatory arbitration in the selection of partners in the economic field as well as in the field of national security.

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