Despite the large number of critical writings dealing with Naguib Mahfouz’s literature and the abundance of studies and the abundance of theses on his creative texts, but a number of preserved works did not succeed, with sufficient critical study and careful reading of it. aesthetics like Mahfouz’s other productions, where the most critical efforts go to Mahfouz’s major works such as the Harafishi trilogy, Al-Madaq Alley, Khan Al-Khalili, Thief, The Dogs, Miramar, the Nile gossip, or troubled children. of our neighborhood, street and mirage.
One of Mahfouz’s novels that she has not yet taken on from reading and studying is a novel The day the leader was killed Which was written by Mahfouz, or rather published in 1985, and deals with the last year of the reign of the late President Anwar Sadat, and uses the technique of multiple voices through three novels that look at history, each from his own point of view, and a. complements the novel of the other, the grandfather “Mohtashami Zayed”, who represents the Witness delegation of the era and its outstanding political and social transformations, and the nephew “Alwan Fawaz Mohtashami Zayed”, who represents the youth of that time and theirs. aborted dreams, after the project of his association with Randa Suleiman Mubarak, the third voice in the story told, the daughter of the “neighbors” who brought him failed. A love story of years that ended in separation for financial reasons
The novel highlights the erosion of the middle class in Egyptian society as a result of the sadistic opening.
“Watering the age of eggs, cheese, pastrami and jam, which is an outdated era, or: (QA), i.e. before opening, prices went crazy, everything went crazy, Fawazi still tends to be obese, and uses. bread, and like he Hannah, but she rushes towards old age prematurely. A fifty year old today looks like a sixty year old.
Fawazi said in his loud voice: We will work day in the morning and evening in the ministry, so I had to leave the company. Alwan’s pension and salary barely meet the necessities of life, so what if the company does not get it?
The testimonies that graft the confession do not only describe an internal situation and a particular issue of one of the families, but expose a general state of backwardness of the society and the drowning of its members in the means of subsistence, which it carries is a punishment of a corrupt regime and a false leader who plunged his people into extreme poverty and constant suffering and torturous misery, as evidenced in another testimony narrated by “Randa Suleiman Mubarak” on the authority of her father , when he says: “The time has come for people to eat dogs, cats, donkeys and children, and then eat each other.”It showed a tragic, ugly face, as people lost food and became monsters, losing humanity.
At the “Alwan” self-proclaimed session in the “Rish” cafe, which seems to be the legitimate parliament of the nation, as an alternative to the formal democracy brought by Sadat in 1977, which is the seat of the popular opposition bloc. , the lava of his anger pours from the volcanoes of anger over the existing situation:
“The feather cafe is a salvation from the boredom of loneliness. I sit down and order coffee and listen carefully. the isolated .. The Israelites .. I hear and congratulate with some consolation. If you want, you are a fictitious party that has no slogan but rejection. “
The irony is grim; The hero of victory and peace – this is how Sadat promoted himself – fails to win the approval of his people, angry with him, who describes “Alvani” who opposes his appearance with his actions, saying: “The dress is Hitler, the action is Charlie Chaplin.”As the people remember with kindness and gratitude their predecessor “Abdul Nasser”, despite his stagnation in June 1967, and the paradox is evident on a wider level in the country that unites yesterday’s parties, with the rivalry and hostility of their who reached the point of war, so they gather in a place that includes disgruntled people and Israeli tourists.
As for the climactic event in the novel, which is Sadat’s assassination, it changes in the focus of her gaze according to the different mirrors of consciousness that reflect the event on its surfaces from one character to another, while “Alwan” expresses his satisfaction complete with the assassination of the ruler, saying:
“As for this victorious Mujibani, he has deviated from the rule, he challenged us with his victory, he threw into our hearts new feelings and emotions for which we were not prepared, he asked us to change the tone that we are used to from generation to generation. generations.He deserved our curse and hatred.Then he was exalted with victory leaving us open to poverty and corruption.Death saved him from madness. He should have escaped anyway. This is the punishment for those who think the place is a dead body. “
However, on the other hand, we find some change in the angle of view, as “Randa” complains about the situation of the assassinated president’s wife and that of his daughters:
“Oh, how awful! There is no other way but to kill? What is the fault of his wife and daughters? “I am not a fan of him, but he does not deserve this end.”
We find that the feminine emotion of the character “Randa” has contributed to the formation of her visionary perspective, so he came to sympathy with the wife of the slain tyrant and his daughters, despite her lack of political sympathy for him. a differentiation between people in the orientation paths towards watching the same event.