Gulf News | Canine parvovirus … deadly virus

It is one of the most dangerous viruses that can get dogs, even pets, and is a highly contagious virus that spreads among dogs and is deadly. It is said of A deadly killer, it destroys young puppies, especially unvaccinated dogs and dogs with very weakened immunity.

I used to work at a veterinary clinic and I was listening to the owners of those dogs infected with parvovirus, some of them saying that his dog never leaves the house, so how did his dog get infected with this virus? Some of them say that he vaccinated the dog against parvovirus about two weeks ago and despite this his dog got sick !!! These questions will be answered in the article and the important points regarding this deadly virus, the dog parvovirus, will be clarified:

Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious and rapidly spreading virus that can infect all dogs, but unvaccinated dogs and puppies less than four months old are more susceptible.

This virus affects the dog’s digestive system and is spread by direct contact from an infected dog to a healthy dog. It also spreads through contaminated feces and through the contaminated environment and people who interact with infected dogs where they can transmit the virus through them. contaminated hands, clothes, and even shoes, and transmitted The virus is transmitted through contaminated food and water containers, necks, surfaces, and chains, causing infection in other healthy dogs.

This virus is resistant to heat, cold and drought and can live in the environment for long periods of time. Even small amounts of infected dog feces can infect other healthy dogs that come into that virus-infected environment. The virus is easily transmitted from one place to another through dogs’s hair and feet or through cages or through shoes and other contaminated objects.

Symptoms of parvovirus in dogs include: lethargy, loss of appetite, abdominal pain and bloating, as well as an increase or decrease in body temperature. Also causes vomiting and diarrhea (bad smell) and can reach severe diarrhea accompanied by blood Persistent Vomiting and diarrhea lead to rapid dehydration, which leads to rapid dehydration, also causes intestinal damage and severe weakening of the immune system, after which the dog gets a secondary bacterial infection and leads to death.

Most deaths from Parvovirus occur within 48 to 72 hours after the onset of clinical signs and symptoms, so if these symptoms appear in your pet dog, you should contact your veterinarian and go immediately to the veterinary clinic or hospital to help the dog and do what is necessary and provide treatment.

Diagnosis and treatment:

Canine parvovirus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian through a physical examination of the dog suspected of being infected with the virus and through symptoms and clinical signs. Also, it is necessary to ask the dog owner about his dog’s previous vaccinations and the dog’s medical history, and the laboratory should perform diagnostic tests (via blood and feces) because it has an important role in confirming the dog’s infection. with the dog parvovirus.

We need to know very well that there is no specific medicine available to eliminate this viral infection in parvo infected dogs, but the treatments offered by the vet aim to support the dog’s body systems so that the dog’s immune system can fight viral infection.

The veterinarian immediately begins to provide the necessary and intensive treatment under the maximum care and observation of the affected dog to treat and combat dehydration by replacing electrolytes, proteins and fluids lost during vomiting and diarrhea and should be well controlled and secondary infection prevented. . Sick dogs should be kept warm and well cared for.

Treatment of this disease can be very expensive and unfortunately the affected dog can die even after being offered all the necessary treatments. Therefore early detection of parvovirus infection and strong and proper treatment is very important in successful results, as the survival rate can approach 90%. .

As this virus is highly contagious, it is necessary to isolate infected dogs to reduce the spread of infection, and it is necessary to clean and sterilize infected kennels and other areas where these dogs are housed to control the spread of this virus. deadly.

The virus can not be easily killed, so it is necessary to thoroughly clean and sterilize the sites of infected dogs. Vaccination and immunization of dogs against canine parvovirus, along with continuous cleaning and sterilization, are essential elements in preventing this deadly virus.

As mentioned earlier, young puppies are more susceptible to infection, especially because the natural immunity present in their breast milk can be weakened before their immune system is mature enough to fight the infection, so if a puppy is exposed to parvovirus during this protective gap, he can get sick. There is also a source An additional concern is that immunity provided by breast milk may interfere with an effective response to vaccination, meaning that even vaccinated puppies can sometimes become infected with parvovirus and develop diseases and secondary complications to it. reduce protective gaps. and provide the best protection in puppies against this virus during the first months of life, a combination of vaccines or immunizations are given to puppies against canine parvovirus where the puppy is given a dose of canine parvovirus vaccine between 14 and 16 weeks, regardless of age by the number of doses he has previously taken to receive proper protection.

To protect older or adult dogs, their owners should vaccinate these dogs against parvovirus being periodically in veterinary clinics or hospitals and under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Finally, do not allow your dog or adult dog to come in contact with other dogs’ feces while walking or playing. It is always recommended that you dispose of your dog litter and feces quickly and properly to reduce the spread of parvovirus and other infections. diseases that can infect humans and animals Dogs with vomiting and diarrhea or dogs should not be associated Others who have come in contact with sick dogs in parks or in the kennel of other uninfected dogs.

You also need to make sure that your pet dog is vaccinated in order to protect him and protect him from this virus (parvo) and other diseases.

And when you buy a new dog, you should not introduce it to your pet dog that you already have at home until that young dog is examined by the vet and isolated for a period of not less than one to two weeks and done necessary vaccines. completed.

And if you are a dog breeder and have a parvo dog, make sure he is isolated from the rest of the healthy dogs and treated quickly by the vet. The site should be sterilized and cleaned on a daily and periodic basis. dogs should also be examined until it is confirmed that the viral infection (Canine Parvovirus) has not been passed on to them.

And remember, my breeder, to change clothes, wash your hands thoroughly, sterilize them, and change your shoes when moving between healthy and Parvovirus-infected dogs.

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