Baalbek-Hermel Mufti, Sheikh Khaled Solh: The blessed month of Ramadan has a special fragrance in the Great Umayyad Mosque and has a special glow in the mosque.
Baalbek- The Umayyad Grand Mosque is one of the most impressive religious monuments in the Bekaa Valley, in the Lebanese city of Baalbek. It dates back to the era of Caliph Al-Walid bin Abdul-Malik.
The Umayyad Grand Mosque is one of the oldest and largest mosques in the city of Baalbek (67 km northeast of the Lebanese capital, Beirut). It is considered one of the rare archaeological sites dating back to the Umayyad period in Lebanon. It is distinguished by its design that combines Byzantine art and Islamic architecture, and attracts tourists as one of the most important historical monuments in the country.
History of the Great Umayyad Mosque
To talk about the history and architecture of the Grand Umayyad Mosque in Baalbek, southern Lebanon, we met the mufti of Baalbek-Hermel, Sheikh Khaled Solh, who told Al Jazeera Net details that show the importance of this mosque and highlight the features and restoration her. the process.
The Great Umayyad Mosque is located near the Roman Fortress of Baalbek. It was built at the end of the first century AH, around the year 96 AH by the hands of Caliph Al-Walid bin Abd al-Malik. Added to the mosque is the entrance to Nourijeh in connection with Nur al-Din Zangi, and Salah al-Din al-Eyubi studied there.
Stones were later added to this mosque from Baalbek Castle, as well as from the castle quarries. This mosque is very similar to the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus and the Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo. These three mosques were built in that era, and hence their designs are somewhat similar, except that the architecture This mosque belongs to the Umayyad era, which was in the time of Al-Walid and Abd Al-Malik, and is a magnificent masterpiece of ancient Islamic art.
In the courtyard stands the square minaret of the mosque, which in its unique design resembles a military tower. It is built of large stones to harmonize with the rest of the building. Outside the mosque is a spacious courtyard characterized by its arcades, surrounded by columns and a small water fountain.
In his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, Mufti Khaled Solh states that “this mosque combined Islamic civilization and Roman civilization, but was destroyed due to the great stream that struck the city of Baalbek on Tuesday, May 10, 1318 AD, where most more than 1500 houses were destroyed and water entered some of the walls of the mosque were destroyed, the pulpit collapsed and the tops of the columns reached and this stream was not like it, so the water entered the mosque and found Sheikh Ali bin Muhammad Ali al- Hariri drowned with a group of people with him.
The mosque was restored by the ruler of Baalbek, Prince Najm al-Din Hassan during the reign of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Kalawun in 837 AH / 1383 AD, then was destroyed again by the great earthquake that struck Baalbek. 1996.
The mufti goes on to explain that philanthropists in the Baalbek region refused to allow this ancient mosque to be neglected, so they began their own work until they arrived at the Hariri Foundation, to be approved again for its restoration. by the Director of the Center for the Revival of Islamic Architecture Heritage, the former Dean of the Faculty of Architecture at the Arab University of Beirut and advisor to the Hariri Foundation for Heritage Issues, Dr. Saleh Lamei Mustafa and his entire team, from 1996 to 1998.
The mufti says funding for its restoration was “provided it is restored to the previous era and its ancient heritage and won the best award for antiquities and restoration. We must remember the martyred Prime Minister Rafic Hariri, who restored and rebuilt The Great Umayyad Mosque.
Soleh recalls the aphorisms of the late Mufti Sheikh Khalil al-Mays, when he came to inaugurate the mosque after its restoration, and said: “Our people and our caliphs were not satisfied with the Islamization of human beings, but they also converted to Islam. .
Ramadan has a special taste in it
And the Mufti goes on to say enthusiastically: “The blessed month of Ramadan has a special taste in the Great Umayyad Mosque, and the blessed month of Ramadan has its special splendor in the mosque, as the number of worshipers increases greatly with the Taraweeh prayers. . in addition to intensifying activities, religious teachings, sermons and events, as well as waiting for some scholars and students of knowledge in the mosque to deliver speeches and sermons in the month of Ramadan, the month of mercy, forgiveness, blessings and multiplication of good deeds . and rewards.
It was found that these simple actions have a noticeable impact, as they contribute to perfecting people’s behavior, their great connection to the mosque during Ramadan, and cooperating to do good, as Mufti Khaled Solh confirmed.