The adoption of April 16 as the day of the Jordanian flag comes in the midst of our celebrations of the centennial of the Jordanian state, in appreciation of the symbolism of the flag with its moral and historical dimensions.
The Jordanian flag is unique in that it is a summary of the Arab Islamic civilization, and that the Hashemites are the extension of this ancient civilization, when we see in the flag design the parallels of the Abbasid black colors with the white and the Umayyads. then the Fatimid green and the Hashemite red are associated with these civilizations, as if expressing the determination and the will for the Arab civilization to remain its heritage The great is immortal in soul.
The Jordanian flag was raised with the image of King Faisal’s flag in Syria in 1920 and 1921, and then in 1922 the white color was replaced by placing it between black from above and green from below to distinguish. because sometimes it is difficult to notice white from afar.
The Jordanian flag remained officially hoisted since that date, and he was instructed to hoist it officially, but Jordan did not have a constitution dealing with the country’s heritage, symbols and others until the Emirati Transjordan’s basic law was enacted in April. . 16, 1946, which is the first constitution of the Jordanian state and included 72 articles. The third article defined the Jordanian flag and the text reads as follows:
The flag of Transjordan will have the following shape and dimensions:
Its length is twice its width and is divided horizontally into three equal and parallel parts, the upper part is black, the middle part is white and the lower part is green, on which is placed a right triangle red on the side of the flagpole, its base is equal to the width of the flag and its height equal to half its length, one tenth of the length of the flag and is placed so that its center is at the point of the intersection of lines between corners. of the triangle and so that the axis passing through one of the vertices is parallel to the base of this triangle
However, the history of the Jordanian flag extends to Arab and Islamic civilization, and here is a pause with the stages of the Jordanian flag, which we sometimes call the flag and flag at another time.
The flag of the Messenger, peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him (570-632 AD) 1.
The Messenger of God, may the glory and peace of God be upon him, had two flags, white and black, which were constantly mentioned and described. is the Messenger of God. “
The author of Al-Sira Al-Halabi mentioned that he was at the battle of Badr in front of the Prophet, two black flags, and that in the first year of the Hijrah a group of Muslims moved to capture a caravan of Quraysh, and the Prophet, peace and mercy of Allaah be upon him, gave him a white flag that he held for Abu Murshid.
In the conquest of Mecca in the year 8 AH, the white flag entered the gates of Mecca, along with other Arab flags. The use of the black and white flag was repeated during the era of the Rule Caliphate (632-661 AD) and was raised by the invading armies in all their operations. Al-Muthanna bin Haritha was famous for his black flag, Khalid bin Al-Walid with his green flag, Saad Ibn Abi Wakkasi with his red flag and Osama bin Zayd raised the white flag.
Umayyads (661 – 750 AD) 2.
Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan took over the caliphate of the Umayyad state in 661 AD, after coming to him with the abdication of Husayn bin Ali, may Allah be pleased with him. The peace is that whoever enters the house of Abu Sufyan is safe. ..
The Abbasids (750-1258 AD) 3.
The Abbasids fought the Battle of Zab the Great in 750 AD against the Umayyads. Victory was achieved for them and their condition began after Ali bin Abdullah bin Abbas was dragged from the Jordanian land of Al-Hamima towards Baghdad. Mecca, and also mourned for those who were martyred by the family of the house, from the martyr Hussein bin Ali Abi Talib to the martyrs and captives, and it was the tradition in the Abbasid state that the caliph sent a black cloak, a gold collar and a black. flag for each governor appointed.
Fatimids (908 – 1171 AD) 4.
Abdullah Al-Mahdi Al-Fatimi established the Fatimid state in the lower and middle Maghreb after defeating the Aghlabid state in North Africa in 909 AH, and his state extended to Tunisia, Tripoli and Barka.
The Fatimids took on the green color of their flag, behind the green robe of the Messenger, peace be upon him, which Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allaah honor his face, covered the night he slept in the Prophet’s bed when the polytheists entered in their place. mind to kill the Messenger, peace be upon him, to them.
The Hashemites (1515 – 1520 AD) 5.
The Hashemites raised as a flag the dark red (burgundy) color from the time of Sharif Abi Nami in the period 1515-1520 AD, that is, during the era of Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Empire.
Khair al-Din al-Zarkali mentions in his book What I Have Seen and What I Have Heard, p. 25, “that Al-Hussein bin Ali was bidding farewell to his son, Prince Abdullah, when he went to Maan in 1920 AD. , and the red flag of the nobles was in front of the prince and his soldiers. ” Hijaz ”.
And when the Great Arab Revolt began, Sharif Hussein bin Ali informed the allies that the flag of the revolution was red until an official flag was adopted that would meet the specifications of all countries.
Flag of the Great Arab Revolt (1916 AD / 1334 H.) 6.
On the first anniversary of the Great Arab Revolt, a parade was held under the auspices of Prince Faisal bin Al Hussein in Al-Wajh, in which the new flag of the Great Arab Revolt was raised for the first time and Prince Faisal handed it to him. Commander Rashid Al-Madfai with an oath that the flag remains raised at the top.
Al-Qibla newspaper, in its 83rd issue, published a statement explaining the specifics of the flag of the Great Arab Revolt, stating: “The new flag consists of a red-burgundy triangle, to which are attached three parallel horizontal color, black from above. , then green, then white … ”The flag came to sum up the glory of the Arabs. And their ages to meet the Hashemite glory that is advancing like the vanguard of this time …
Flag of the Arab Kingdom of Syria (1918 – 1920 AD) 7.
As the forces of the Great Arab Revolt were advancing towards Damascus to raise the independent Arab flag, the flag of the revolution was raised in Hama, Aleppo, Latakia, Beirut, Damascus, and Mount Lebanon. Prince Muhammad Saeed Al-Jazaery entered Damascus in the first of October 1918 AD, announcing the founding of the Arab state and the flag was raised at the house of the municipality and government, and as soon as Prince Faisal entered Damascus, he began building state institutions and holding elections throughout the Levant. The Syrian General Conference convened on March 8, 1920 AD and decided on the same day that the flag of the Syrian state would be the flag of the Great Arab Revolt, adding to it the seven-pointed star in the middle of the red triangle. Syria is the first independent Arab state to originate from the Arab state of Hashem in the Hijaz, and the seven-pointed star represents the seven regions of Syria, which are the Vilayet of Damascus, the Vilayet of Beirut, Transjordan, Palestine, the Vilayet of Mount Lebanon, the Vilayet of Aleppo and the Vilayet of Jerusalem.
Flag of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (1922-8).
Prince Abdullah bin Al Hussein (the founding king) arrived in Maan on November 21, 1921, hoisting the red flag of the Hashemites and the flag of his brother King Faisal as his deputy on the throne of Syria. The determination to keep working so that the flame of the revolution remained burning, his intentions at the forefront and his flag at the top … It was that Prince Abdullah marched on Amman and entered it on March 2, 1921 AD, while rising the flag of the Syrian State, which was adopted as the flag of the new Jordanian state with the same colors and arrangement, but in 1922 he proposed A number of officers of the Jordanian Arab army to replace the white color to be done in the middle, and so on. Since then, this flag is the flag of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Article 4 of the Jordanian constitution sets out its specifics and details.
Kingdom of Iraq (1921 – 1958 AD) 9
On March 8, 1920 AD, the Iraqis wanted an independent monarchy from the day the Arab Kingdom of Syria was proclaimed and the promise of allegiance was to Prince Abdullah bin Al Hussein as King of Iraq on the same day, and external circumstances prevented the Prince . Abdullah from emigrating to Iraq at the time. Following the Maysaloon events and subsequent political developments, the pledge of allegiance was given to King Faisal as King of Iraq on 23 August 1921 AD, and after the completion of state institutions, King Faisal issued a decree in 1924 to form the Constituent Assembly to draft of the constitution and the Council decided to keep the flag of the Great Arab Revolt as the flag of the Kingdom of Iraq, provided that the red triangle is in the shape of a trapezoid and two seven-pointed stars are placed with the white color transferred to the center .Mosul, Kirkuk, Sulejmanije, Erbil, Baghdad, Diyala, Hila, Karbala, Adlim, Basra, Divaniyah, Kut, El-Muntafiq, Al-Amarah. Also, one of the indicators of the presence of the two stars is that Iraq is a bi-national state that includes Arabs and Kurds.
10. The royal flag
Published in the Official Gazette number 217 issued on 1/12/1929 AD, instructions for the flag of His Royal Highness the Great Prince (the banner of His Majesty the Great King later on May 25, 1946 AD) and the text came as follows
The flag (brigade) of His Highness the Emir will have the following shape and size:
Its length will be twice its width, and the flag of Transjordan will be placed in the middle of it, as defined in the basic law, in miniature, one third of the size of the flag of His Eminence.
The mass of the four rays in the corners is equal to seven of the length of the flag from above and below, and its mass at the bottom is equal to one-seventh of the width of the flag – the upper limits of the upper part. the rays and the lower boundaries of the lower rays form the line of contact with the corners of the middle flag.
There must be (five) radii between each of the corners and the mass of its outer bases must be equal to one-seventh the length of the flag from above and below and equivalent at its end to seven the width of the flag.
The mass of the inner bases of the four rays in the corner is equal to three parts of the 14 parts of the width of the middle flag, and the mass of the bases of the five rays that are at both ends of the flag is equivalent. at one-seventh the width of the middle flag. Measuring the bases of the top five and bottom five beams that are between the corner beams is equal to one-fifth the length of the middle flag.
Agree – Abdullah
The star with seven corners:
The seven-pointed star has been added to the sciences of Syria and Iraq to give a national-historical connotation. He has remained on the Jordanian flag since 1921 AD. An explanation is given for the meaning of his existence in his Seventh Venus connotation as mentioned in the Opening of the Book of Aziz, which are:
Monotheism in God and the transcendence of humanity, the feeling of nationalism, humility and social justice and the prayer for the right path and the realization of desires and goals.