Islamic interior style … a global mix of cultures

When we talk about an Islamic design, we describe a general distinctive atmosphere for this design, that is, far from defining a specific, primary or secondary style, as Islamic art has gone through several stages that vary according to its geographical environment and the time period in it. which took place.

Engineering design came in the form of a unique global combination of concepts, patterns and models of different regions and cultures between them, which made Islamic interior designs a well-known, well-known and well-known form worldwide.

In this topic, we talk about the general characteristics and features of Islamic design, without going into the history and characteristics of its styles.

What distinguishes this art from others?

What are the elements that make Islamic design?

identity and beliefs

The house is an extension of one’s beliefs and a reflection of one’s identity, and from here it is necessary to point out a fundamental necessity in this kind of design, which is privacy, which is a requirement in Islamic culture. There is no doubt that Islamic buildings were originally built to provide optimal privacy, while maintaining the value of quality and comfort for its occupants. In addition to artistic and decorative features, Islamic architecture also follows some rules that have been passed down through the generations, such as allocating a separate living space for men and women to ensure privacy and comfort.

It is also believed that light is the first creation of God in Islam, and is considered a symbol of divine wisdom, and therefore occupies an important place in architecture and interiors, and it is believed that the presence of light inside the room creates a sacred atmosphere of poured out by the Creator instead.

abstract decorative patterns

The art of decoration began in the eighth century AD during the early period of Islamic civilization, as craftsmen relied on the decorations of earlier cultures, then developed them and created a new form in the visual arts, all of which were abstract ( geometric and botanical), far from living representation. Due to the prohibition of Islam of living statues in art (depicting humans and animals), abstract formations, complex in composition and repetitive patterns, played a dominant role in decoration, with their decorative features and magnificent appearance. The first thing that attracts attention in the houses designed in the Islamic style, are the colorful finely crafted stone formations. Islamic culture adopts in its arts the repetition of forms to obtain complex and intertwined designs in a way that creates a visual pleasure. We find visible geometric patterns in interior wall decoration, partition designs and fabric graphics, even in table lamps and mirror frames, as well as in works of art and small pieces of decor.

Since furniture is usually low and delicate, floral and geometric patterns are endlessly repeated on walls, floors and especially on ceilings. Here its use is considered in a balanced way so as not to overload the general spirit of the place and to avoid the visual weight, defining a specific area and applying these patterns in it, in exchange for keeping other spaces. in their simple initial state.

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Calligraphy calligraphy

And because every Islamic house tries to reflect the religious aspect of its elements in every possible way, modern calligraphic inscriptions are another important part of Islamic design. Lovers of this style often tend to decorate the walls of their houses with inscriptions. holding verses from the Saint. Qur’an, poetic phrases or quotations with religious and moral connotations. , using some types of Arabic calligraphy such as Thuluth, Kufi and others, as the display of Islamic phrases is an important element in this style, aiming to bring blessings and protection to the house and its inhabitants, in addition to attractive and charming appearance that create Arabic letters, even to non-Arabs.

Phrases are found printed or embroidered on fabric or printed on wood or engraved or shaped into three-dimensional materials like wood, and often take on dark colors like dark green, black and brown.

green color

Green is often associated with Islam and is widely accepted as a favorable and auspicious color, signifying harmony and balance, and is associated with “paradise” in the Qur’an. Its shades also release an instant state of calm, relaxation and purity and this color is used by adapting it with colors such as silver, orange, light yellow and aqua, or assigning different shades and shades of the same green .

In addition to green, there are other options such as brown or dark red, gold and purple, where sometimes an earthy mood prevails in the color palette in Islamic style spaces, with the free use of rich, golden, red. yellow and orange. White and gold colors together express this style well, and walls, floors, furniture and pieces of art add color depth to the space.

luxury materials

Due to the difficulty of obtaining wood materials in the past in many Islamic regions, wood remained a symbol of wealth and luxury and a key component in many Islamic designs today. Arabic style furniture comes in detailed carving, accompanied with decorative wooden luminaires.

To achieve the look of luxury, rich and luxurious fabrics such as cane, velvet and silk are used, with lighter ones, such as lace and chiffon, to achieve visual balance. Some of these luxury fabrics are found on low Islamic furniture, and on thick sofas and pillows, some of which are spread directly on the floor.

It is worth noting that the arched entrances are one of the most distinctive elements of Islamic architecture. The arches, which are either round, lobed or narrow, add a special touch and a sense of space to the interior spaces.

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