Saudi engineers listed about 5 challenges they face in the engineering sector, noting that the Saudi engineer has proven her high skills and efficiency in the engineering sector, explaining that Saudi female engineers have managed to get leadership positions and have proved their competence. in some jobs that seem far removed from the concept of women working in them, such as “oil vacations”, including offshore ones, lead to billions of dollars in well drilling rigs and they need to be given access to drilling rigs in Saudi Arabia, emphasizing that this will show their creativity and give them the opportunity to participate in giant Saudi projects, including employees, trainees and recent graduates.
Female engineers demanded the introduction of several engineering specializations in Saudi universities, such as civil engineering, to save students from scholarship troubles to study this specialization abroad, as well as the specialization of nanoengineering and other important disciplines.
Statistical data show that the percentage of Saudi female engineers registered with the Saudi Council of Engineers does not exceed 3% of the total number of male and female workers registered with the authority.
Likewise, the percentage of Saudi women who own engineering offices in the Kingdom does not exceed 3% of total owners, amid an emphasis on Saudi women empowerment strategy, opening up many engineering specialties to them and reviewing regulations and legislation that support their work on all construction sites.
International statistics confirm that the entry of Saudi women and Arab women in general in the field of engineering is constantly growing, but at a different pace. The UAE between 2012 and 2015 increased from 2.9% to 24.9%. In Saudi Arabia , women’s interest in engineering began to grow significantly from the beginning of this century.During the first decade of this century, the percentage of women graduating in engineering departments in Saudi Arabia increased from 1% in 2000 to 10% in 2011.
Engineer Shaima Al-Shayeb – civil engineer, engineering project manager and platform founder (Saudi engineers on Twitter) – showed her broad childhood passion for studying bridge and tunnel projects, and rainwater drainage , encouraged her to study civil engineering, with external scholarships, and this coincided with the empowerment of women in Saudi Arabia in all areas of inclusive renaissance.
She said, “Everyone has gone through the empowerment phase, and we have entered the phase of excellence and efficiency, and the Kingdom has become distinguished in creating the most accurate engineering specializations for women in Saudi universities, including: King Fahd University in Dhahran, Princess Noura bint Abdulrahman University in Riyadh, in addition to the active presence of the female engineer in engineering conferences and forums, and this motivated the (private) engineering offices to host female engineers for the purpose of exchanging and gaining experience.
Overcome the empowerment phase
Engineer Shaima Al-Shayeb revealed that the “Saudi Female Engineers” platform on Twitter aims to raise awareness and increase the presence of women in various engineering fields, including launching an initiative to educate “my science” graduates and an initiative for visit middle and high school girls’ schools to introduce engineering specializations and visit Saudi female engineers to their workplaces as part of their encouragement to enter specialization and transfer their university and university experiences work with female students in order to guide female students towards engineering, calling for the inclusion of curricula at the intermediate level “mathematics and physics” to encourage and link engineering specialties.
Awareness of specialties
Engineer Shaima added that “businessmen show great understanding and response to the involvement of the engineer in the engineering work, accepting her work together with her engineering colleague and providing the special demands and needs of women in services, including rest rooms , hats and toilets, and gender. equality within the facility in human terms and flexibility to seek permission, participate and leave. “
She noted that there is currently a need to provide some necessities at construction sites for buildings and to inspect buildings and infrastructure and said, “There is a clear shortage among women in the fields of industrial and civil engineering and there is an urgent need. the need for a long-term strategy for the expansion of engineering disciplines, with the participation of several ministries and authorities.
And she called for the introduction of civil engineering into Saudi universities, in order to reduce the emigration of female students to studies, as well as the specialization of nano-engineering and the opening of “joint” engineering education, similar to medicine, and academies. in engineering and engineering trainers in institutes, in line with the Kingdom 2030 vision, which shows that she is the first Saudi woman. Obtaining a construction examiner license, which is an encouragement for women to enter, and that regulations are supportive of female empowerment in various engineering disciplines.
Engineer Latifa Al-Husseini, an oil well drilling engineer and the first Saudi woman to work on drilling rigs, showed that the biggest impetus for her to enter the field of oil well engineering is her ambition , with limited female engineers working in this. specialty, noting that she faced many difficulties in studies and foreign work, in addition to the lack of facilities and the surprise of women working in this difficult profession, in a harsh environment.
She stressed that she and her current colleagues are working to prepare the engineering sector for future generations of women and said, “We do not want those who want to enter the engineering sector in the future to face the obstacles that colleagues me and I. face. “
She continued: “We want women to have a presence in the field of wells, factories and oil mills, especially as women have gained trust and can share work and position with men”, emphasizing that “family and family environment are more “Important supporters for women in the engineering sector and working in oil wells requires a lot of focus and effort, and the mistake is big.”
She explained that “there is a huge shortage of female oil engineers in Saudi Arabia and there should be facilities to encourage female engineers to work in the field and to observe them during working hours”.
Engineer Maram Mokhtar, an interior design and architecture engineer, explains that she pursued her passion in choosing a direction, explaining that she was convinced that engineering and architectural design bring happiness to others and that it contributes to increasing the quality of life, and that it is a tool of change and impact on people, she wanted to study this Specialization and practice.
She showed that she had benefited a lot from the technology in her engineering office in terms of achieving communication with female engineers and employees, as well as generating flexible working hours, in which she focused on productivity, as a large part of the working hours was “from a distance”. , and helped mothers to combine productivity and closeness with their family and home and that the work policy in her office does not depend on attendance and departure.
She stressed that she has not found any suffering from the employee who has children, like some employers, who may be upset about hiring a woman with children, explaining that there are specific working hours and there are extra working hours to meet the needs. of clients, and this flexibility provided convenient job opportunities for female employees.
Engineer Maram Mukhtar stressed that Saudi female engineers are advanced and advanced in technical engineering work and have high skills in electronic designs, but they have a weak point, that is (market experience). “It is difficult for her to go and move between the workshops herself, unlike men who have the freedom to enter these places and seminars without restrictions.”
Engineer Khaled Al-Mulhim – specializing in air conditioning and refrigeration engineering – believes there is a reluctance among women to specialize in mechanical engineering, despite the large number of job opportunities in it. My office has a wide field of specialization and can be combined with a design specialty. ”
For her part, engineer Fatima Al-Saqabi – architecture and urban planning – called on Saudi girls to specialize in real estate development because the market needs it, and that the architect is the most creative in it.
The most prominent engineering disciplines according to the expectations of what they offer to society in the future
Data science and machine learning
Automation and Robotic Engineering
alternative energy engineering
Necessary specialties for the labor market
The highest paid branches of engineering
(15 years experience, $ 160,000 per year)
(15 years – $ 115,000)
(15 years experience – $ 116,000)
(15 years – $ 62,000)