With the advent of the blessed month of Ramadan, people are rushing to buy the necessities as a supply movement for the holy month and despite the deteriorating living situation of most of the inhabitants of northern Syria, Ramadan has a special taste represented by customs. and traditions that do not deviate from the composition of Arab society and are considered part of its culture in terms of special wishes and dishes, especially it consists of dairy products, the prices of which have skyrocketed and they must be bought, such as. the main component of the Syrian Ramadan table.
Milk and cheese are almost always present on the Ramadan table, regardless of whether they are used in some basic dishes or in the production of sweets .. or used in beverages (yogurt, al-Ayran .. Cheese as well as cream is an essential component of kunafah, al -Shuaibiya and the sweetness of the cheese, not to mention its presence in suhoor.
Orient Net visited Idlib markets, reviewed prices and monitored people’s relationships with cheese and dairy as a model for Syrian table culture. He prepared the following report.
Goods available .. and stagnation in sales
Idlib city markets in general, especially well-known ones, show average purchases, especially in the last hours of the day, but without buying from most of them, which was confirmed by (Saed Abu Raed), owner of a dairy center and cheese, saying: “Everything is available, thank God, but the prices are high, so there is not Many people can buy even the necessary and necessary ones, and if they can, it is a little and I pay a little from pak. God forbid, this is the first Ramadan when most customers buy half a kilogram and a little different from previous years with which I forgot the weight under kilograms but the condition of people. is not Unfortunately, more than this is allowed due to the scandalous overall cost of living, which has unfortunately affected the residents of Muharrar more than others.
“Samer Pasha Khalil, the owner of a dairy and cheese factory, said:” The rise in prices is global and not just for us, and the Russo-Ukrainian war has negatively affected us and dairy products, which in fact witnessed a significant increase in prices and a significant difference from a year ago, sometimes more than doubled, the cost of living is an interconnected chain that begins with the consumer, who is the most weak, and ends up with the main supplier of compound feed in the first place, which is considered a necessary food for the herds, especially since the agricultural areas for natural grazing in our liberation have become small and not in proportion to the number of the price of a kilogram of milk and consequently an increase in the price of its derivatives, but honestly the direct proportion of growth is very large and the purchasing deficit of citizens is increasing, as most they have neither income nor work. ”
High prices and low demand
Linking the coming month of Ramadan to rising prices has become commonplace, but not to the extent we see it today. Most goods and products have seen a huge increase of two or more times in sales compared to last year . has caused dissatisfaction among people so much that some of them think that Ramadan is a big obsession that adds to the suffering represented by the increase of its expenses, “Ahmed Abu Al-Ezz”, one of the buyers, told Orient Net after a sigh of relief. tall. for his feelings, “I am 62 years old and in my life the price of cheese has not increased for this, something crazy and people can not remove milk and cheese as it is a basic item in Ramadan and it is hardly necessary for Anyone having different incomes or livelihoods, I am as displaced as others and have six children who are confused in providing food, for example, I need two kilograms of milk a day just for breakfast, and everything is expensive, not just milk.
When asked about prices, Faris Kadour, a salesman at a dairy, replied: “All prices have generally doubled since last Ramadan. This happened and there is nothing wrong with that. For example, in Turkish lira: a kilogram of cow’s milk 10 – a kilogram of sheep’s milk 18 – a kilogram of cow’s sorghum 35 – sheep’s sorghum 65 cow’s milk 9 – sheep milk 14, local Shanklish 25 – manual Baladi Shanklish 65, cheese – Akawi mold 40 – Full of Cheese ready-to-eat fat cows 47 – Paralyzed cheese 55 – Municipal cow butter 65, and prices may rise further with increasing demand especially during Ramadan With the closure of most crossings, the increase in customs value at home and other, and the fluctuation of the exchange rate of the Turkish lira against the US dollar against the income of the citizen, which are either non-existent or fixed and do not change.
Al-Shakrija and Al-Safiha with Ajran and Al-Shait Laban
Consumption inequality among market users depends on their economic situation on the one hand, and their adherence to customs and traditions and their love for a specific type on the other. The preference of all the people of a country for a certain product varies, as does their change in their local dialects, though they generally share the desire to buy dairy products (Saeed Al-Homsi). We took the initiative to say:
“Without Shanklish there is no life. My brother, we Homs love this breed and consider its presence in the Ramadan meal as something very necessary and irreplaceable, even if very little. What matters is its presence. “My brother feels psychologically comfortable when I see him in my house.”
For his part, (Ammar Naasan) from the residents of Idlib expressed the preference of cups in general for tea and their constant search for that milk which is characterized by a distinct sweetness in taste that makes it the standard of quality and delicious taste. . in their eyes. For cooking and cow’s milk for Ayran “
As for (Abu Nasir), the emigrant from Damascus, he spoke with his burning about their inherited food customs and traditions, saying:
“May God have mercy on the previous days. Usually authentic Damascus families find that the food of the first days of Ramadan is derived from milk and we express it in white, after the white days of the holy month. ajran in addition to fatah and beans, the main ingredients of which are sour cream, but unfortunately with the poverty of the people in general, we gave up many customs, traditions and popular foods, there are more important things. that so … and Ramazan Kerimi for us and for you. ”