Gulf News | Reader Questions About Canine Parvovirus (Canine Pest)

I wrote a previous article about this disease, which I called the deadly virus (dog plague).

But I got a lot of questions about this topic, which I decided to show you in this article. Canine parvo is a viral disease that affects dogs and can infect young and old dogs with strong and weak immunity. The question at this point was why did my dog ​​contract with parvo after I vaccinated him against the disease at a reputable veterinary clinic? Because it is possible for a dog to get parvo even after vaccination, as this virus has different strains and reinvents itself, but the benefit of vaccination lies in reducing the severity of symptoms when your dog is infected with the virus and making the dog more capable. to resist this disease because vaccination contributes to strengthening the dog’s immune system.

One of the frequently asked questions was, what are the first signs or symptoms of parvo? The first symptoms of canine distemper are loss of appetite, abdominal pain and diarrhea (smelly) and may be accompanied by high or low body temperature blood and this causes dehydration, general weakness and immunity to low, which leads to the onset of secondary bacterial infection and the appearance of serious complications that cause Especially in the death of young puppies. This virus is deadly and fatal to young puppies, unvaccinated dogs and older dogs with weakened immunity, and this is evidence that all ages are not excluded, but the immune system has a role and a key factor in resisting this disease if your pet dog is infected with it. But it should be noted that there are many other diseases that cause the same symptoms, so if abnormal symptoms appear in your pet, please visit the vet for the correct diagnosis and then treatment to save the life of your pet and you should refrain from use casual treatments Treat your pet yourself without consulting a veterinarian so as not to harm your pet.

Another question says, “I had a dog and he got parvo and that dog died as a result of being infected with this virus. When can I have another dog?” It is better to wait 6 months and the place should be well disinfected using disinfectant It is preferable to use chlorine (250 ml) with 4 liters of water, as the virus is resistant to most disinfectants that kill viruses and it is preferable to get rid of all tools used the dead dog.

I got a question from a dog caregiver who said: “The puppy died suddenly and without symptoms, and at the veterinary clinic, when I asked the doctor to determine the cause of death and he did some tests, which resulted in that puppy dying. parvo, how is it? ” Yes, this can happen because there is another form of parvo, but it is rare where parvo attacks the heart muscle in young puppies and usually ends with the death of these puppies.

How does the veterinarian diagnose this disease (parvo or dog plague) and what is the mechanism or protocol of treatment? Diagnosis of parvo in infected dogs is done through: 1- Doing a parvo test (which is a quick test like a pregnancy test) and depends on taking a stool sample and examining it. A quick test shows the result within 10 up to 15 minutes. 2- Do blood tests and through them elevated liver enzymes will appear. 3- Through an abdominal radiograph it will become clear to us that there is an intestinal obstruction. And here begins the journey of treatment, in which the veterinarian relies on treatments that alleviate the symptoms because there is no treatment against this virus itself. The treatment protocol is as follows: Giving vitamin K injections to stop bleeding and control bloody diarrhea and the body is also compensated for dehydration and dehydration through Ringer’s solutions, glucose and saline. To prevent secondary bacterial infections antibiotics such as enrofloxacin and metronidazole are given. It is preferable to give the affected dog vomiting medication and GERD.

What are the most susceptible species to this virus from dogs? For reasons that are not understood, the death rate (tunnel) is higher in some species, e.g. Rottweiler (Rottweiler) than other species due to weak immunity.

The real defense against this deadly and confusing virus is to carry out the necessary vaccinations in a timely manner and periodically and under the supervision of a veterinarian, especially of young puppies after the end of the mother’s immunity at about two months of age, and the dose. repeated after two weeks, after which vaccination is done once a year. Studies have proven that the virus does not affect humans, as it is a viral disease that specializes only in infecting dogs and is transmitted from one dog to another, but is not transmitted from one infected dog to another animal.

In conclusion, I was pleased with the questions I received by email because they demonstrated the breeders’ willingness for the safety and health of the pets and their attention to the smallest detail.

God bless you from every evil.

Dr. Sherine Adel Al-Qazzaz

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